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Science

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Scientists, Scientific workforce

Our Aging Scientific Workforce Raises Concerns

The science and engineering workforce in the United States is aging rapidly, according to a new study. And it is only going to get older in coming years. Economists at The Ohio State University found that the average age of employed scientists increased from 45.1 to 48.6 between 1993 and 2010, faster than the workforce as a whole.

Medicine

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Cataract, secondary cataract, posterior capsule opacification, Aging, Ophthalmology, Crystallin, microfibroblast, lens fiber cell, lens, TGF-beta

NIH-Funded Scientists Home in on Molecular Causes of Secondary Cataract

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In a new study, scientists find that the growth factor TGF-beta may play a role in the formation of secondary cataract, suggesting a direction for research into strategies to prevent it. The study appears in Molecular Biology of the Cell and was funded by the National Eye Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health.

Medicine

Science

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women & drinking, Older Women, sensitivity to alcohol, Prescr, alcohol education, alcohol screening, Alcohol Treatment

An Increasing Proportion of Women Who Are 60 Years of Age and Older Are Drinking

Most older Americans drink alcohol. Given that this segment of the population is projected to almost double by 2050, reaching 112 million, in the future, there will likely be many more older drinkers in the United States than currently. Importantly, older individuals are more sensitive to alcohol’s effects than their younger counterparts, and are also more likely to take prescription medications that can interact negatively with alcohol, potentially leading to falls and other injuries. This study examined trends in drinking status among U.S. adults 60 years of age and older.

Medicine

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Alzheimber's Disease, Dementia

Gene Discovered Associated with Tau Pathology

Investigators at Rush University Medical Center and the Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston reported the discovery of a new gene that is associated with susceptibility to a common form of brain pathology called Tau that accumulates in several different conditions, including Alzheimer’s disease, certain forms of dementia and Parkinsonian syndromes as well as chronic traumatic encephalopathy that occurs with repeated head injuries.

Medicine

Science

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Weight-Bearing Exercises, Bariatric Surgery and Joints, A New Metabolic Pathway, and More in the Obesity News Source

Click here to go directly to Newswise's Obesity News Source

Medicine

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hackathon, healthcare innovation, Aging, Apps, Healthcare, inpatitent experience, Patient Experience, chief information officer

Students Propose Solutions to Critical Health Issues at Annual Hackathon

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From virtual reality to crowdsourcing ideas, participants at UC Health Hack 2017 combined creativity and problem-solving to create projects addressing critical issues in health systems and global health. The 181 participants focused on one of two tracks: health care delivery or refugee health.

Medicine

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DNA, Dna Repair, Cellular Aging, Mysteries of Aging, Dna Damage, Molecule NAD, Repairing DNA, Cell Ageing, Harvard Medical School Scientists, NAD, NMN, Sirt1, PARP1, DBC1, Genetics, protein binding, David Sinclair

Harvard Medical School Scientists Pinpoint Critical Step in DNA Repair, Cellular Aging

The body’s ability to repair DNA damage declines with age, which causes gradual cell demise, overall bodily degeneration and greater susceptibility to cancer.

Medicine

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Duke University Medical Center, Duke University School of Medicine, Duke University, Duke Health, Gender Identity, Transgender, transgender health, transgender medicine, College Student Drinking, College Student Health, College Freshmen, Binge Drinking, Alcohol Abuse, alcohol aggressive behavior, alcohol and violence, Alcohol, Blackouts, Scott Swartzwelder

Transgender College Freshmen Drink More, Experience More Blackouts

A survey of more than 422,000 college freshmen found that students who identified as transgender were more likely than their cisgender peers to experience negative consequences from drinking, including memory blackouts, academic problems and conflicts such as arguments or physical fights.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Anosmia, Social Network, olfactory dysfunction, social life, Aging, Sex And Gender Differences

The Social Costs of Smell Loss in Older Women

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A new study of older U.S. adults from the Monell Center and collaborating institutions reports that a woman’s social life is associated with how well her sense of smell functions. The study found that older women who do less well on a smell identification task also tend to have fewer social connections.

Medicine

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Tea, Aging, Ageing, neurocognitive disorders, Cohort Study

NUS Study: Daily Consumption of Tea Protects the Elderly From Cognitive Decline

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A study led by Assistant Professor Feng Lei from National University of Singapore’s Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine has found that regular consumption of tea lowers the risk of cognitive decline in the elderly, and this is especially so for APOE e4 gene carriers who are genetically at risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease.







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