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Psychology and Psychiatry

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Business

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Neuroscience Lab, Deception, Job Interviews, eye-tracking study

In the Eye of the Beholder: ISU Researchers Use Eye-Tracking Technology to Detect Deception

Iowa State researchers are using eye-tracking technology to better detect when people are lying. They’re specifically interested in cues that may signal deception during job interviews.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Cyberbullying, Bullying, bullying in schools, bullying prevention, Teen Agers, Middle School, High School, Sameer Hinduja, Research, Weapons, Sexting, Teen Dating, Suicide, Dating Violence, Deviant Behavior

Nationwide Teen Bullying and Cyberbullying Study Reveals Significant Issues Impacting Youth

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In one of the latest and most ambitious studies on bullying and cyberbullying in middle and high school students, researchers found that 1 in 5 students said that they had been threatened with a weapon at school, 73 percent of students reported that they had been bullied at school at some point in their lifetime, and 70 percent of the students said that someone spread rumors about them online.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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PTSD, Conduct Disorder, Trauma, Teens, Youth, Psychology, Shabnam Javdani, NYU Steinhardt, NYU Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, New York University

Teens with PTSD and Conduct Disorder Have Difficulty Recognizing Facial Expressions

Adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are more likely to misidentify sad and angry faces as fearful, while teens with symptoms of conduct disorder tend to interpret sad faces as angry, finds a study led by NYU’s Steinhardt School.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Mindfulness, Meditation, yoga, Aging, Psychology

Mindfulness Shows Promise as We Age, but Study Results Are Mixed

As mindfulness practices rise in popularity and evidence of their worth continues to accumulate, those who work with aging populations are looking to use the techniques to boost cognitive, emotional and physiological health. But studies so far have shown mixed results in the elderly.

Medicine

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Suicide Attempts, Suicide Awareness and Prevention, Teenage suicide, same-sex marriage, Sexual Orientation

Same-Sex Marriage Legalization Linked to Reduction in Suicide Attempts Among High School Students

The implementation of state laws legalizing same-sex marriage was associated with a significant reduction in the rate of suicide attempts among high school students – and an even greater reduction among gay, lesbian and bisexual adolescents, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Disgust, Emotion, genetically engineered food, Discrimination, Organ Donation, Prejudice, Evolution

Knee-Jerk Disgust Is Holding Humans Back

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Disgust is an emotion that's been co-opted to discriminate against people and things which pose no danger, holding humans back in social and evolutionary terms

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Research, benefits of good news, Positive Psychology, Psychology, Cohabitation, Military Behavioral Health, social psychol, Social Psychiatry Research

Research: Sharing Good News Improves Sleep, Health

SPOKANE, Wash. – New research from Sarah Arpin, assistant professor of psychology at Gonzaga University, concludes that partners who share good news, and believe their partners are receptive and supportive, sleep better. This is likely correlated to a decrease in loneliness and improved overall health, noted Arpin, who presented her research on military couples and relational health at the 2017 Society for Personality and Social Psychology Annual Convention in late January.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Chance, Future, Happy

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 22-Feb-2017 9:00 AM EST

Medicine

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B Vitamins Reduce Schizophrenia Symptoms

A review of worldwide studies has found that add-on treatment with high-dose b-vitamins - including B6, B8 and B12 - can significantly reduce symptoms of schizophrenia more than standard treatments alone.

Science

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Momentary Attention Switching Easily Causes Pilot Errors, Like Alleged Harrison Ford Runway Mix-Up

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Experts on aviation and perception, Stephen Macknik and Susana Martinez-Conde comment on the factors that can lead to pilot errors, such as the reported incident involving actor Harrison Ford landing his plane in close brush with a 737 at John Wayne Airport on Wednesday.

Medicine

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Doctors Prescribe More Antibiotics When Expectations Are High, Study Says

Experimental evidence confirms what surveys have long suggested: Physicians are more likely to prescribe antibiotics when they believe there is a high expectation of it from their patients, even if they think the probability of bacterial infection is low and antibiotics would not be effective, according to a study published by the American Psychological Association.

Medicine

Science

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Schizophrenia, Autism, neurologic disorder

Kennesaw State University Scientists Conducting Cutting-Edge Research

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Two Kennesaw State University scientists have received a total of $737,364 in National Science Foundation and National Institutes of Health grants for developmental biology research into autism and birth defects.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Obestiy, Teenagers, Teens, Exercise, Physical Activity, physical activity counseling, pediatric psychology, Health Promotion, Exercise Motivation

Getting Inside Teens’ Heads: Study Upsets Beliefs About Feelings and Exercise Probability

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A pilot study tracking adolescents’ internal psychological states and physical activity in near real-time challenges prevailing assumptions about how to increase physical activity.

Science

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Emotions Are Cognitive, Not Innate, Researchers Conclude

Emotions are not innately programmed into our brains, but, in fact, are cognitive states resulting from the gathering of information, New York University Professor Joseph LeDoux and Richard Brown, a professor at the City University of New York, conclude.

Science

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Biophysics, Physiology, Aggression, stance, Posture, plantigrade, heel, Primate, Evolution

Flat-Footed Fighters

Walking on our heels, a feature that separates great apes, including humans, from other primates, confers advantages in fighting, according to a new University of Utah study published today in Biology Open. Although moving from the balls of the feet is important for quickness, standing with heels planted allows more swinging force, according to study lead author and biologist David Carrier, suggesting that aggression may have played a part in shaping our stance.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Social & Behavioral Sciences, Urban Areas, Behavior Change, city dwellers, city

Population Density Pushes the “Slow Life”

But a new study by Arizona State University shows the opposite may be true – that one psychological effect of population density is for those people to adopt a “slow life strategy.” This strategy focuses more on planning for the long-term future and includes tactics like preferring long-term romantic relationships, having fewer children and investing more in education.

Medicine

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Schizophrenia, Psychiatry, psychiatric diseases

New Rutgers–Princeton Center Uses Computational Models to Understand Psychiatric Conditions

New Rutgers–Princeton Center Uses Computational Models to Understand Psychiatric Conditions

Medicine

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CRF, CRFR1 , hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal system, PVN, Stress, Chronic Stress, CHEN

Keeping Up the Pressure

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The lab of Prof. Alon Chen has found that, besides the classic stress response – an acute reaction that gradually abates when the threat passes – our bodies appear to have a separate mechanism that deals only with chronic stress. These findings may lead to better diagnosis of and treatment for anxiety and depression.

Medicine

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TSRI Researchers Discover How the Brain Turns Chronic Stress into Pathological Anxiety

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In a new study, researchers at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have described how two important molecules in the brain work together to trigger intense anxiety.

Medicine

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Smoking, Cessation, e-cigarettes, Depression, Depressive Symptoms

Depression Linked to E-Cigarette Use Among College Students

The emergence of e-cigarettes as a nicotine product has left scientists with many questions about their impact on health, including how the product interacts with depression. A new study by researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), published today in Nicotine & Tobacco Research, found a connection between depression and initiation of e-cigarette use among college students.







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