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Science

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naked mole rat, Metabolism, Biochemistry, Oxygen Deprivation, Stroke, Heart Attack

Naked Mole-Rats Turn Into Plants When Oxygen Is Low

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Deprived of oxygen, naked mole-rats can survive by metabolizing fructose just as plants do, researchers report this week in the journal Science – a finding that could lead to treatments for heart attacks and strokes.

Science

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Biodiversity, Women, Empowerment, Agricultural

Empowerment of Women Worldwide Key to Achieving Competing Goals of Food Sufficiency and Biodiversity Protection

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An interdisciplinary teams of experts argue that world hunger and biodiversity loss can both be addressed by ensuring that women worldwide have access to education and contraception.

Science

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parasitic wasps, Ancanthocaudus wasps, cup plants, biofuels feedstock, Taxonomy, Sun Grant Initiative

Plant Scientists Identify Aphid-Destroying Wasps in Cup Plants

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A photo of a cup plant teaming with insects led a better understanding of the biology of Acanthocaudus wasps which inject their eggs into aphids that eat the plant. The adult wasps burst out of the aphids like an alien movie.

Science

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A Real CAM-Do Attitude

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A multi-institutional team used resources at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility to catalog how desert plants photosynthetic processes vary. The study could help scientists engineer drought-resistant crops for food and fuel.

Science

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White Dwarfs, Magnetic Fields, chemical changes, Tesla, Coulombic forces, theoretical spectra, Astrophysics, Florian Hampe, Stella Stopkowicz, University of Mainz, The Journal Of Chemical Physics

New Method Can Model Chemistry in Extreme Magnetic Fields of White Dwarfs

Approximately 10-20 percent of white dwarfs exhibit strong magnetic fields, some of which can reach up to 100,000 tesla. In comparison, on Earth, the strongest magnetic fields that can be generated using nondestructive magnets are about 100 tesla. Therefore, studying the chemistry in such extreme conditions is only possible using theory and until now has not provided much insight to the spectra accompanying white dwarfs. Researchers in Germany describe their work modeling these systems this week in The Journal of Chemical Physics.

Science

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Danforth Center Scientists Discover Gene that Influences Grain Yield

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Donald Danforth Plant Science Center have discovered a gene that influences grain yield in grasses related to food crops.

Science

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climate sensitivity, University of Washington, Global Warming, Climate Change, Climate Science

Models, Observations Not So Far Apart on Planet's Response to Greenhouse Gas Emissions

A closer look at how the planet responds to greenhouse gases debunks recent observations suggesting Earth's temperature is less sensitive than climate models predict to rising carbon dioxide.

Science

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Is That Real Sand, Orchids and Fungus, Models on Greenhouse Gas Emissions, and More in the Environmental Science News Source

The latest research on the environment in the Environmental Science News Source

Science

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Orchid, native orchids, North American Orchid Conservation Center , U.S. Botanic Garden, Fungi, Earth Optimism Summit, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Smithsonian Conservation Commons

Orchids and Fungus: A Conservation Connection

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Orchids make up 10 percent of the world's plant species; more than 50 percent of native orchids in North America are listed as threatened or endangered in some part of their home range. Botanist Dennis Whigham and his colleagues at the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center (SERC) in Edgewater, Md., are doing their part to conserve these beautiful flowers by studying the interactions between orchids and fungi.

Medicine

Science

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plant genes & biochemical pathways, natural product discovery, Pharmaceticals, small molecule drugs, Bioproducts

New Method for Tapping Vast Plant Pharmacopeia to Make More Effective Drugs

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Vanderbilt geneticists have developed an effective method for identifying the plant genes that produce the chemical ammunition plants use to protect themselves from predation and is a natural source of many important drugs.







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