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Zolpidem, Ambien, Neurology, neurologic disorder, disorder of consciousness, Movement Disorder

Review: Insomnia Medication May Wake Up Some Patients From Vegetative State

A systematic review of zolpidem for noninsomnia neurological disorders, including movement disorders and disorders of consciousness, finds reason for additional research.

Medicine

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HPV, Human Papilloma Virus, Human Papilloma Virus (Hpv), Hpv Testing

HPV Testing Leads to Earlier Detection and Treatment of Cervical Precancer

Women who receive human papillomavirus (HPV) testing, in addition to a pap smear, receive a faster, more complete diagnosis of possible cervical precancer, according to a study of over 450,000 women by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) and the University of New Mexico (UNM) Comprehensive Cancer Center.

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Life

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Northwestern University, Research, Children, Babies, Preemie Baby, Preemie, Early Childhood Development

How Do Preemies Perform in School?

Parents of prematurely born babies often fear their children may go on to struggle in school, but findings from a new large-scale study from the Institute for Policy Research at Northwestern University and Northwestern Medicine should reassure parents.

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Drugs, Prescription, Sara Cosgrove, Antibiotics, Pranita Tamma, Antibiotic, Infectious Disease

Study Finds One in Five Hospitalized Adults Suffer Side Effects From Prescribed Antibiotics

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A study examining the impact of antibiotics prescribed for nearly 1500 adult patients admitted to The Johns Hopkins Hospital found that adverse side effects occurred in a fifth of them, and that nearly a fifth of those side effects occurred in patients who didn't need antibiotics in the first place.

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Pediatrics, ADHD, Teen Drivers, Motor Vehicle Crashes, Teen Driver Safety Research

Motor Vehicle Crash Risk for Teens with ADHD Much Lower Than Previously Reported

Adolescent drivers with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have a 36 percent higher crash risk than other newly licensed teens. Although elevated, this risk is far lower than previous reports of being four times higher. This is the first large-scale study to provide detailed information on crash risk of adolescents with ADHD compared to other newly licensed young drivers.

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Diabetes

Is the Finger-Stick Blood Test Necessary for Type 2 Diabetes Treatment?

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In a landmark study, UNC School of Medicine researchers have shown that blood glucose testing does not offer a significant advantage in blood sugar control or quality of life for type 2 diabetes patients who are not treated with insulin.

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Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Memorial Sloan Kettering, ASCO 2017, ASCO, Monica Morrow, Breast Cancer, Breast Surgery, Mastectomy, Lumpectomy, over treatment

Study Finds Rate of Mastectomies Decreases with Adoption of Breast Tumor Margin Guidelines: What This Means in the Overtreatment Debate for Breast Cancer

In a dramatic shift since the publication of margin guidelines for breast cancer surgery, lumpectomy rates have substantially increased and more-aggressive surgical options have been used less often, according to research findings from a new study being presented at the 2017 annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) in Chicago. The study will also be published in a corresponding issue of JAMA Oncology.

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Cardiology, Cardiovascular, Hypertension, Tulane University, Systolic Blood Pressure

Study Suggests Lower Targets for Systolic Blood Pressure

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A new study conducted by researchers from Tulane University finds reducing target systolic blood pressure below current recommendations significantly reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease and preventable death.

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Readmission, Healthcare Quality, Quality Improvement, Teryl Nuckols

Quality Improvement Measures Reduce Hospital Readmissions but Do Not Produce Consistent Savings, Study Shows

Efforts to reduce hospital readmissions are working, but they’re not always saving money, according to a new Cedars-Sinai study. The study, published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association Internal Medicine, evaluated the effectiveness and financial benefit of quality improvement programs at medical centers in the U.S. and elsewhere.

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Obesity, Weight Loss, Pediatrics, Psychiatry, Family Based Therapy, Parent Based Therapy, Childhood Obesity

Do Obese Children Need to Attend Treatment to Lose Weight?

One-third of American children are overweight or obese. Family-based treatment (FBT) has been considered the best model for the treatment of obese children as it provides both parents and children with education and behavior therapy techniques but is provided mainly in a hospital setting. Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have found that parent-based therapy (PBT) has similar outcomes to FBT and could be more cost-effective.







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