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Medicine

Life

Law and Public Policy

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maternity leave, paternity leave, parental leave

Number of Women Who Take Maternity Leave Has Stalled

The number of U.S. women taking maternity leave has not changed in 22 years despite factors that suggest it should be increasing, a new study found. During the same time, the number of fathers taking paternity leave more than tripled.

Medicine

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Nutrition, Diet, Healthy Eating, Bacon

Is Bacon Fit for a Breakfast of Champions? UH Cleveland Med Ctr Dietitian Lisa Cimperman Can Offer Better Food Choices to Start the Day.

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Medicine

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Fulbright Scholar, Malaria, Global Health

Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine’s Brian Grimberg Receives Fulbright Scholar Award

Brian T. Grimberg, PhD, assistant professor of international health, infectious diseases, and immunology at the Center for Global Health and Diseases at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, has received a Fulbright U.S. Scholar Program Award.

Medicine

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Sports, Neurology, Soccer, Concussion, concussion awareness, concussion in sport, soccer heading

UC Researchers Hypothesize: Could Better Eye Training Help Reduce Concussion in Women’s Soccer?

In a photo analysis study of soccer headers, University of Cincinnati researchers noticed female soccer players had their eyes closed 90 percent of the time. As a first step toward determining if less visual awareness might expose players to a higher risk of injury, the study wanted to quantify whether female athletes closed their eyes more frequently than male counterparts.

Medicine

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protien, Drug Development, Disease Progression

Structure of Atypical Cancer Protein Paves Way for Drug Development

A team of researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine has helped uncover the elusive structure of a cancer cell receptor protein that can be leveraged to fight disease progression.

Medicine

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Neurosurgery, Cerebrovascular Disorders, Cerebrovascular Neurosurgery, Brain Surgery

Multidisciplinary Neurosurgical Approach to Treating Cerebrovascular Disorders

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Science

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Materials, Turbines, Turbine, JET ENGINE , Alloy, superalloy

Discovery Could Lead to Jet Engines That Run Hotter—and Cleaner

Researchers here have made a discovery in materials science that sounds like something from the old Saturday morning cartoon Super Friends: They’ve found a way to deactivate “nano twins” to improve the high-temperature properties of superalloys that are used in jet engines.The advance could speed the development of powerful and environmentally friendly turbine engines of all sorts, including those used for transportation and power generation.

Medicine

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Depression, depression and women, Low Birth Weight, Low Birth Weight Infants, Mental Health, medical research studies, Medical Research, Biomarker, Biomarkers & Prevention, biomarker discovery, Exercise, Exercise and Depression, newborn development, Postpartum Depression, Postpartum, Pregnancy, Pregnancy and Childbirth, Pregnancy and Delivery

Biomarker in Pregnant Women Linked to Depression, Low Fetal Birth Weight

Depression is very common during pregnancy, with as many as one in seven women suffering from the illness and more than a half million women impacted by postpartum depression in the U.S. alone. The disorder not only affects the mother’s mood, but has also been linked to influencing the newborn’s development, according to recent research. In a study published in the journal Psychoneuroendocrinology, research from The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center found that BDNF levels change during pregnancy, and can cause depression in the mother and low birth weight in the baby.

Medicine

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bioelectronics, Innovation, Electrical Stimulation

Micro-Leads Inc. And Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine Announce Two Exciting Milestones Amidst GSK Innovation Challenge

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Micro-Leads Inc. is among three recipients around the world awarded $1 million to develop an advanced bioelectronics medicine device for GlaxoSmithKline’s (GSK) Bioelectronics Innovation Challenge.

Medicine

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mRNA, Protein Synthesis

Direct Communication Between Cell’s Surveillance and Protein Synthesizing Machinery Eliminates Genetic Errors

New research out of Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine describes a mechanism by which an essential quality control system in cells identifies and destroys faulty genetic material. The findings were published online December 23 in Nature Communications.

Medicine

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Diabetes, Insulin, Metabolic Disease, T1D

Case Western Receives $2.5 Million Helmsley Grant for “Smart” Insulin Development

The Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust awarded a $2.5 million grant to the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine to continue research on a new form of insulin for those living with type 1 diabetes (T1D).

Science

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Evolution, Teeth, Fossils, Homonin

What Teeth Reveal About the Lives of Modern Humans

When anthropologists of the future find our fossilized teeth, what will they be able to conclude about our lives?Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg has an idea.

Science

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Fruit Fly, computational ethology, behavioral genetics

Neuroscientist Probes Tiny World of the Fruit Fly to Discover Sleep/Eating/Activity Connection

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The humble fruit fly has proved to be a fruitful research subject for Bowling Green State University neuroscientist Dr. Robert Huber and colleagues from Scripps Research Institute in Florida and elsewhere. The collaborators’ research into their behavior has helped expand our understanding of some important neurobiological connections between eating and sleep — including the infamous “food coma” felt after a big meal.

Medicine

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diabeties, Insulin, genes, Insulin Resistance, gastri

The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology: Gastric Bypass Helps Severely Obese Teenagers Maintain Weight Loss Over Long Term

Gastric bypass surgery helps severely obese teenagers lose weight and keep it off, according to the first long-term follow-up studies of teenagers who had undergone the procedure 5-12 years earlier. However, the two studies, published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, show some patients will likely need further surgery to deal with the complications of rapid weight loss or may develop vitamin deficiencies later in life.

Medicine

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Tissue Engineering, Gastric, Stomach, Gastroinestinal, Gastrointesinal Health, Nature, pluripotent stem cells, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, pediatrics disorders, Nutrition, press release distribution, news, Developmental Biology

Scientists Tissue-Engineer Part of Human Stomach in Laboratory

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Scientists report in Nature using pluripotent stem cells to generate human stomach tissues in a petri dish that produce acid and digestive enzymes. Publishing their findings online Jan. 4, researchers at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center grew tissues from the stomach’s corpus/fundus region. The study comes two years after the same team generated the stomach’s hormone-producing region (the antrum). The discovery means investigators now can grow both parts of the human stomach to study disease.

Life

Business

Education

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Case Western Reserve University

Case Western Reserve University Showcases Student and Alumni Startups with 10 Booths at CES 2017

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Case Western Reserve University will host 10 booths at CES 2017 with student, faculty and alumni founders. Their new or developing technologies include: a sideline test to keep an athlete with a mild concussion off the field and out of danger from further damage, a maker machine costing less than $200 that prints hardware hacks or frosts a cake, and a pair of stuffed bears that transmit the touch of a faraway loved one.

Science

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Food Waste, Sustainability, Composting, Landfills

Worries About Food Waste Appear to Vanish When Diners Know Scraps Go to Compost

Diners waste far less food when they’re schooled on the harm their leftovers can inflict on the environment. But if they know the food is going to be composted instead of dumped in a landfill, the educational benefit disappears.

Medicine

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Nationwide Children's Hospital, Dr. Kevin Flanigan

Flanigan Named to Neuromuscular, Gene Therapy Leadership Roles

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Kevin Flanigan, MD, is the new director of the Center for Gene Therapy and the Neuromuscular Disorders program at Nationwide Children’s Hospital.

Science

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Climate Change, ants

Biologist's Ant Research Provides Long-Term Look at Effects of Climate Change

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Many scientists have attempted to tackle how climate change will affect the natural world by determining the thermal tolerance of various species, then predicting what will happen to them as our world warms. However, this approach as a way to understand nature has its drawbacks because one species never acts alone, so comprehending how global change impacts these interactions is crucial to a holistic understanding.

Medicine

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myelodysplasia syndromes , MDs, AML, Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Proteomics, Nature Immunology, Molecular Target, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Hematology, Genetics

Possible Treatment Targets Found for Pre-Malignant Bone Marrow Disorders

Cincinnati Children’s researchers report in Nature Immunology a new mechanism that controls blood cell function and several possible molecular targets for treating myelodysplasia syndromes (MDS) – a group of pre-malignant disorders in which bone marrow does not produce enough healthy blood cells. MDS can lead to acute myeloid leukemia (AML), a fast-spreading blood cancer that can be deadly if not treated promptly.







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