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Medicine

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Heroin, Adolescent Addiction, Drug Abuse Trends

Growing Number of Teens Think Getting Heroin Is ‘Probably Impossible’

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How easy do adolescents think it is to get heroin? A Saint Louis University researcher examines how their perceptions have changed from 2002 to 2014.

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Science

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economic cost

Variability in Local Costs of Substance Abuse Across California

The average news consumer might be surprised to learn that the economic costs of alcohol abuse far exceed those related to illegal drug use. In California, alcohol abuse cost $129 billion in 2010, $3,450 per California resident. That was almost three times the $44 billion bill for illicit drug use. The largest cost contributors were mortality, impaired driving, and violence. The costs varied greatly from city to city and county to county.

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Fragile X Syndrome, Steven Tyler's Janie's Fund Wins Big, Untreated Water Making Our Kids Sick, and More in the Children's Health News Source

Click here for the latest research and features on Children's Health.

Medicine

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Opioid, Drug Abuse, opioid abuse, Physicians and Opioids, opioid prescribing, prescribing practices, Opioid use, Opioid Epidemic, Harvard Medical School, T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Opioid Addiction, opioid overdose, Addiction

Habit Forming

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At a glance: New research shows great variation among clinicians’ opioid prescribing practices and links physician prescription patterns to patients’ risk for subsequent long-term opioid use. Being treated by an emergency room physician who prescribes opioids more frequently increases a patient’s risk of long-term opioid use and other adverse outcomes. The results suggest that differences in clinicians’ prescribing habits may be helping to fuel the opioid epidemic sweeping the United States.

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Improving Medicare, Online Health Visits, Surplus Medical Equipment Go to Ghana, Flu Panic, and More in the Healthcare News Source

The latest research, features and announcements in healthcare in the Healthcare News Source

Medicine

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Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Mount Sinai Health System, Opioid Abuse Epidemic, Opioid Addiction, cannabidiol, Cannabinoid, Cannabis, cannabis research, Cannabinoids, Medical Marijuana, medical marijuana laws, CBD, opioid alternatives, Heroin, Heroin Addiction, legalization of marijuana

Mount Sinai Neurobiologist Illuminates the Underexplored Potential of Cannabis to Address Opioid Addiction

A number of animal studies and a small human pilot study have revealed that cannabinoids, extracts of cannabis legally sold as medical marijuana, could reduce cravings and ease withdrawal symptoms in heroin users.

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Matthew Johnson , cocaine , Sex, Condom, Sexual, sexually transmitted, STI, STD, HIV

Study Affirms That Cocaine Makes Users More Likely to Risk Unsafe Sex

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Cocaine use has long been tied anecdotally to higher-than-usual rates of impulsive behavior, including risky sex, but the tie-in has been difficult to study with any scientifically controlled rigor.

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TSRI Scientists Show Deep Brain Stimulation Blocks Heroin Relapse in Rats

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Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have found that deep brain stimulation (DBS) can greatly reduce the compulsion to use heroin in standard rat models of addiction.

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UNH Research Finds Deaths Involving Drugs, Alcohol and Suicide Are on the Rise

Nationwide, the mortality rate from deaths caused by drugs, alcohol and suicide rose 52 percent from 2000 to 2014, according to new research from the Carsey School of Public Policy at the University of New Hampshire. Most of the increase was driven by a surge in prescription opioid and heroin overdoses.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Youth Violence, Drug Abuse, Alcohol Abuse, Weapon, Public Health, adolescent alcohol problems , Adolescence, Suicide

Intimate Partner Violence Among Youth Linked to Suicide, Weapons and Drug Use

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Adolescents who are violent toward their romantic partners are also more likely to think about or attempt suicide, carry a weapon, threaten others with a weapon and use drugs or alcohol than peers in non-violent relationships, according to new research from the University of Georgia.

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Alcohol Use, Suicide, Motor Vehicle Crashes, alcohol and other drugs, Cocaine, Depressive Symptoms

Combined Use of Alcohol and Cocaine May Play a Unique Role in Suicide Risk

Alcohol use can be found in suicide deaths and unintentional deaths due to injuries such as those from motor vehicle collisions (MVCs). The authors of this study argue that it is important to distinguish between the roles that alcohol may play in the two different types of deaths. Consequently, they compared postmortem toxicology results for alcohol and other drugs, alone and in combination, in suicide and MVC deaths.

Medicine

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Buprenorphine, mat, Opioid Use Disorder, Telepsychiatry, Retention

Good Outcomes with 'Telepsychiatry' in Medical Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder

For people with opioid use disorder receiving medication treatment with buprenorphine, a telepsychiatry approach—using videoconferencing as an alternative to in-person group sessions—provides similar clinical outcomes, reports a study in the Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM). The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

Medicine

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Opioids, opioid abuse, Opioid Abuse Epidemic, Opioid Addiction

UVA Slashes Opioid Use While Improving Pain Scores, Study Finds

A study of more than 100,000 surgical cases at University of Virginia Health System found patients’ pain scores improved even as doctors gave fewer opioids. As health officials across the U.S. look for ways to combat a opioid addiction crisis, UVA researchers believe their findings highlight one way to address the problem.

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Affordable Care Act (ACA), Health Insurance, medicaid expansion, Mental Health, Substance Abuse

More with Mental Illness and Substance Use Disorders Have Health Insurance

Significantly more people with mental illness and substance use disorders had insurance coverage in 2014 due to the expansion of health insurance under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), but many barriers to treatment remain, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

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Coronary plaque regression, cocaine use, Noncalcified coronary plaque volume index, Contrast enhanced coronary CT angiograp, Cash-based incentive intervention

Decreasing Cocaine Use Leads to Regression of Coronary Artery Disease

People who use cocaine regularly are at high risk of coronary artery disease. A study in the Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM), reports that stopping or reducing cocaine use can potentially reverse the process of coronary atherosclerosis. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

Medicine

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Mount Sinai Health System, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Estrogen, Addiction, Cocaine Addiction, Dopamine, Dopamine Receptors

Researchers Reveal Connection Between Female Estrogen Cycle and Addictive Potential of Cocaine

Study shows how high estrogen release during the estrus cycle increases the pleasure felt via the brain’s reward pathway

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Opioids

Specialized Pharmacies Satisfy Unmet Security Need for Preventing Pain Medication Misuse

In Colorado and other states, establishing specialized controlled substances pharmacies is proving to be a workable and practical solution to help prevent medication abuse and assure that legitimate pain patients will continue to receive the medication they need.

Medicine

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Teen Health, Substance Abuse, Sex, Mental Health, Diet

Promoting Teen Health Is as Easy as Wearing Lime Green

Health care blogger Laura Offutt MD writes about Teen Health Week and what health care professionals can do to promote the week that starts January 9.

Medicine

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Roland Griffiths, Johns Hopkins, psilocbyin, Mushroom, trip, Hallucinogens, antidepressive

Researchers Urge Caution Around Psilocybin Use

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In a survey of almost 2,000 people who said they had had a past negative experience when taking psilocybin-containing "magic mushrooms," Johns Hopkins researchers say that more than 10 percent believed their worst "bad trip" had put themselves or others in harm's way, and a substantial majority called their most distressing episode one of the top 10 biggest challenges of their lives.

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Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Northwestern University

Rare Look at Youth Post Detention Is Bleak

A new Northwestern Medicine study offers a bleak assessment in a rare look at the outcomes of delinquent youth five and 12 years after juvenile detention. Central to poor outcomes for the youth post detention are stark and persistent racial, ethnic and gender disparities, according to the massive study that began in the mid-1990s.







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