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Medicine

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Majority of Opioid Medications Not Safely Stored in Homes with Children, Survey Finds

Nearly 70 percent of prescription opioid medications kept in homes with children are not stored safely, a new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health finds.

Medicine

Science

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economic cost

Variability in Local Costs of Substance Abuse Across California

The average news consumer might be surprised to learn that the economic costs of alcohol abuse far exceed those related to illegal drug use. In California, alcohol abuse cost $129 billion in 2010, $3,450 per California resident. That was almost three times the $44 billion bill for illicit drug use. The largest cost contributors were mortality, impaired driving, and violence. The costs varied greatly from city to city and county to county.

Medicine

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Opioid, Drug Abuse, opioid abuse, Physicians and Opioids, opioid prescribing, prescribing practices, Opioid use, Opioid Epidemic, Harvard Medical School, T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Opioid Addiction, opioid overdose, Addiction

Habit Forming

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At a glance: New research shows great variation among clinicians’ opioid prescribing practices and links physician prescription patterns to patients’ risk for subsequent long-term opioid use. Being treated by an emergency room physician who prescribes opioids more frequently increases a patient’s risk of long-term opioid use and other adverse outcomes. The results suggest that differences in clinicians’ prescribing habits may be helping to fuel the opioid epidemic sweeping the United States.

Medicine

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Anesthesiology, Opioids, Elderly, Respiratory Health, Alcohol

Mixing Opioids and Alcohol May Increase Likelihood of Dangerous Respiratory Complication, Especially in the Elderly, Study Finds

Taking one oxycodone tablet together with even a modest amount of alcohol increases the risk of a potentially life-threatening side effect known as respiratory depression, which causes breathing to become extremely shallow or stop altogether, reports a study published in the Online First edition of Anesthesiology.

Medicine

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Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Mount Sinai Health System, Opioid Abuse Epidemic, Opioid Addiction, cannabidiol, Cannabinoid, Cannabis, cannabis research, Cannabinoids, Medical Marijuana, medical marijuana laws, CBD, opioid alternatives, Heroin, Heroin Addiction, legalization of marijuana

Mount Sinai Neurobiologist Illuminates the Underexplored Potential of Cannabis to Address Opioid Addiction

A number of animal studies and a small human pilot study have revealed that cannabinoids, extracts of cannabis legally sold as medical marijuana, could reduce cravings and ease withdrawal symptoms in heroin users.

Medicine

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TSRI Scientists Show Deep Brain Stimulation Blocks Heroin Relapse in Rats

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Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have found that deep brain stimulation (DBS) can greatly reduce the compulsion to use heroin in standard rat models of addiction.

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UNH Research Finds Deaths Involving Drugs, Alcohol and Suicide Are on the Rise

Nationwide, the mortality rate from deaths caused by drugs, alcohol and suicide rose 52 percent from 2000 to 2014, according to new research from the Carsey School of Public Policy at the University of New Hampshire. Most of the increase was driven by a surge in prescription opioid and heroin overdoses.

Medicine

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Temple, Temple University, Hospital, Grant, Grants, Opiods, Opiod, Science, Research, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia

Temple Launches Center of Excellence to Address Opioid Use in Pregnancy

Temple/Wedge Center of Excellence Funded by $500,000 State Grant

Medicine

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Buprenorphine, mat, Opioid Use Disorder, Telepsychiatry, Retention

Good Outcomes with 'Telepsychiatry' in Medical Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder

For people with opioid use disorder receiving medication treatment with buprenorphine, a telepsychiatry approach—using videoconferencing as an alternative to in-person group sessions—provides similar clinical outcomes, reports a study in the Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM). The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

Medicine

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Opioids, opioid abuse, Opioid Abuse Epidemic, Opioid Addiction

UVA Slashes Opioid Use While Improving Pain Scores, Study Finds

A study of more than 100,000 surgical cases at University of Virginia Health System found patients’ pain scores improved even as doctors gave fewer opioids. As health officials across the U.S. look for ways to combat a opioid addiction crisis, UVA researchers believe their findings highlight one way to address the problem.

Medicine

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Roland Griffiths, Johns Hopkins, psilocbyin, Mushroom, trip, Hallucinogens, antidepressive

Researchers Urge Caution Around Psilocybin Use

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In a survey of almost 2,000 people who said they had had a past negative experience when taking psilocybin-containing "magic mushrooms," Johns Hopkins researchers say that more than 10 percent believed their worst "bad trip" had put themselves or others in harm's way, and a substantial majority called their most distressing episode one of the top 10 biggest challenges of their lives.

Medicine

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pain, IASP, Opioids, opioid abuse, Psychiatry, Psychiatric Evaluation, Psychoactive Drugs, Medical Insurance, Long Term Pain Medications, Pain Medicine, Substance Abuse, substance abuse disorders

Psychiatric Conditions Linked to Increased Risk of Long-Term Opioid Use

A wide range of pre-existing psychiatric and behavioral conditions and the use of psychoactive drugs could be important risk factors leading to long-term use of opioid pain medications, reports a study in PAIN®, the official publication of the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP). The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

Medicine

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Opiod, Opioids, Syringe, Drug Abuse, Drugs

New Study Determines Opening a Supervised Injection Facility for People Who Inject Drugs Could Save Millions

For the first time, researchers have determined the potential cost and benefits of opening a supervised injection facility for people who inject drugs in the United States. The study, released today, found that a single facility in San Francisco could generate $3.5 million in savings.

Medicine

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Opioid, Infant, Opioid use, newborn addiction, Addiction, Drug Abuse, Perscription Drugs, Maternal And Child Health, New York Times

Opioid Expert From UAB Available to Discuss Why There Is a Spike in Opioid-Dependent Newborns Felt in Rural America

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Medicine

Channels:

neonatal abstince syndrome, Opioid, opioid abuse, Opioid Epidemic, Opioid Addiction, Maternal And Child Health, Rural Health Care, Opioid Crisis, withdrawal symptoms, Pediatric Health

Study: Rural Communities See Steep Increase in Babies Born with Opioid Withdrawal

The number of babies born with drug withdrawal symptoms from opioids grew substantially faster in rural communities than in cities, a new study suggests.

Medicine

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Opioid, Pain Medication, Opioid Addiction, opioid abuse, Primary Care Physicians, medical management

Overcoming the Opioid Crisis in the Primary Care Setting

Through monitoring and dosing guidelines, provider education and training and better alternatives for patient pain management, medical group reduces monthly average of written pain medicine prescriptions by 20 percent, while the number of providers within the medical group grew by 22 percent and the number of patients grew by 12 percent.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Brazil, Crack Cocaine, toxic stress, Brain Development In Children, Trauma, fMRI, Human Development, Drug Abuse, Domestic Abuse, Gang Violence, Child Protective Services

Texas Tech, Brazilian Researchers Examine Effects of Toxic Stress on Children’s Brain Development

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The study uses fMRI data to compare brain development between children who experience pervasive, continuing trauma and those with “normal” development.

Medicine

Science

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Opioid, Addiction, pain, Oxycodone, Brain, Therapy

Scripps Florida Scientists Identify Novel Compound to Alleviate Pain and Itch

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In a new study, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have identified a possible drug candidate that suppresses pain and itch in animal models.

Science

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Methadone Treatment, Methadone, drug abuse treatment, Johns Hopkins Carey Business School, African American

Lower-Than-Recommended Methadone Doses for Opiate Addiction Are More Likely at Facilities Managed by African-American Directors, Johns Hopkins Study Shows

While the daily dose of methadone for opiate addiction has declined in recent years, facilities run by African-American directors were more likely to provide low methadone doses than facilities run by managers of other races and ethnicities.

Medicine

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TSRI Scientists Develop Vaccine Against Fatal Prescription Opioid Overdose

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Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have developed a vaccine that blocks the pain-numbing effects of the opioid drugs oxycodone (oxy) and hydrocodone (hydro) in animal models.


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