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Science

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Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, hydraulic fluids, Hydraulic Fracturing, hydraulic fracturing fluids, Fluids, Microbes, Microorganism, Microorganisms, Sustainability, Nature Microbiology, Microbiology, Emsl, Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Environmental Science, Ecosystem, ecosystem health, JGI, Join

Hydraulic Fluids Hospitable for Microbes

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For the first time, scientists analyzed the genetic material of surface microbes that are colonizing the deep subsurface, where they are adapting and thriving.

Medicine

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gut microbiota, Microbiome, Malaria, Plasmodium

UofL Researcher Receives $2.6 Million From NIH to Determine How Gut Microbiota Protect Against Malaria

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Nathan Schmidt, Ph.D., has shown that microbes in the gut of mice can affect the severity of illness suffered from infection with Plasmodium, the parasite that causes malaria. He now begins research to determine which microbiota protect the host and to learn more about the mechanism behind that protection.

Medicine

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Microbiome, Diabetes, Metabolic Diseases, Biochemistry, Bacteriology, Animal Research, mice

From Mice, Clues to Microbiome’s Influence on Metabolic Disease

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The community of microorganisms that resides in the gut, known as the microbiome, has been shown to work in tandem with the genes of a host organism to regulate insulin secretion, a key variable in the onset of the metabolic disease diabetes. That is the primary finding of a study published this week by a team led by University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers.

Medicine

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Yeast Found in Babies’ Guts Increases Risk of Asthma

University of British Columbia microbiologists have found a yeast in the gut of new babies in Ecuador that appears to be a strong predictor that they will develop asthma in childhood. The new research furthers our understanding of the role microscopic organisms play in our overall health.

Medicine

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Ulcer, stomach bug, Helicobacter Pylori, Pathogen, Pathogen Evolution

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 23-Feb-2017 2:00 PM EST

Medicine

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Intestinal Microbes, Immune System, gut microbes, Microbes and Immune System, Microbial, Microbial influence, Gut Bacteria, Gut Bacteria and Health, Gut Interactions, Bacteria, Intestines, GUT, Immune Cells

Scientists Monitor Crosstalk Between Intestinal Microbes and Immune System

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Harvard Medical School researchers have successfully “listened in” on the crosstalk between gut microbes and the immune system.

Science

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Climate Change Impacting Wildlife, Feeding Wild Dolphins, Conserving Blakiston's Fish Owl, and More in the Wildlife News Source

The latest research and features on ecology and wildlife.

Medicine

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Antibiotic Resistance, Microbes, Infection, klebsiella pneumonia

Queen’s Researchers Make Breakthrough in Fight Against Superbug

Researchers at Queen’s University Belfast have discovered why a lethal superbug is so resistant to the last line antibiotic meaning potential treatments could now be developed to fight the killer infection.

Science

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Extreme Waves, Melting Canadian Glaciers, Lionfish in the Gulf, and More in the Environmental Science News Source

The latest research on the environment in the Environmental Science News Source

Medicine

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Colon Cancer, Microbes, Cancer Research

Dallas Researchers Identify How Common Gut Bacteria May Cause Colon Cancer

A new study conducted by researchers at Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas identified a key interaction between Fusobacterium nucleatum, a bacteria commonly linked to gum disease, and a specific microRNA gene regulator in the gut that led to tumor growth in the colon.

Medicine

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Microbiome, Crohn's Disease, Ulcerative Colitis, Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Microbiomes More in Flux in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Patients with inflammatory bowel disease are more likely to see dramatic shifts in the make-up of the community of microbes in their gut than healthy people, according to a study published in Nature Microbiology. The results help physicians understand the disease more fully and potentially offer new ways to track the disease and monitor patients.

Science

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Type 1 diabetes research, Microbiome

ADA Funds Kostic Lab to Create Model Linking the Microbiome to Type 1 Diabetes

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American Diabetes Association awards Aleksandar Kostic, PhD, of Joslin Diabetes Center, $1.625M for the development of a novel experimental system designed to improve our understanding about how bacteria in the gut (the gut “microbiome”) may contribute to the autoimmune attack that leads to type 1 diabetes.

Science

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NASA, Northwestern University, Bacteria, Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences, Space Travel, Outer Space

Change in Astronaut’s Gut Bacteria Attributed to Spaceflight

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Northwestern University researchers studying the gut bacteria of Scott and Mark Kelly, NASA astronauts and identical twin brothers, as part of a unique human study have found that changes to certain gut “bugs” occur in space.

Science

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Vitamin B12, Microbial Communities

Vitamin B12: Power Broker to the Microbes

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In the microbial world, vitamin B12 is a hot commodity. It turns out that vitamin B12, a substance produced by only a few organisms but needed by nearly all of them, wields great power in microbial communities – ubiquitous structures that affect energy and food production, the environment, and human health.

Science

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Mercury, Methylmercury, Environment, fish consumption advisories, Bioaccumulation, fish, Shellfish, Coastal, Coastal Waters, Ecosystems, Climate Change, Climate, Global Warming, Zooplankton, Weather, Runoff, Stormwater, stormwater runoff, Research, Science, marine food chain , Precipitation, Plants, Animals, Bacteria, Public Health, World Health Organization, U.S. E

Toxic Mercury in Aquatic Life Could Spike with Greater Land Runoff

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A highly toxic form of mercury could jump by 300 to 600 percent in zooplankton – tiny animals at the base of the marine food chain – if land runoff increases by 15 to 30 percent, according to a new study. And such an increase is possible due to climate change, according to the pioneering study by Rutgers University and other scientists published today in Science Advances.

Medicine

Science

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Irritable Bowel Syndrome, ibs, Microbiota, Microbiome, Chronic Disease, Gastrointestinal Diseases, Physiology, Gastrointestinal Physiology, Diet and IBS, Antibiotics and IBS, Digestive System

Food and Antibiotics May Change Microorganisms in Gut, Causing IBS

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A recent review of research suggests that changes to the microorganisms (microbiota) in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract may be a cause of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The review article is published in the American Journal of Physiology—Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology.

Medicine

Science

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Autism, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Microbiome, Center For Disease Control, Center for Disease Control and Prevention

NAU Researcher Discovers Key to Fighting Autism May Lie Not in the Mind, but in the Gut

Greg Caporaso showed promising research that could lead to a new treatment option for autism spectrum disorder.

Science

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A Quark Like No Other, Biophysics Plays Key Role in Immune System Signaling and Response, ALMA Reveals Sun in New Light, and MORE in the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP

Click here to go directly to the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP.

Medicine

Science

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Virus, Bacteria communication, Phages, Sorek

Viruses Overheard Talking to One Another

For the first time, viruses have been found to communicate with one another, leaving short “posts” for kin and descendants. The messages help the viruses reading them decide how to proceed with the process of infection, according to Weizmann Institute research.

Science

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Genomics, Environment, Antarctic, Ocean, Diatoms, Evolution, Ecosystem, Genetics, Phytoplankton, Adaptation, Eukaryotes, eukaryotic biology, Population Genetics

Tracking Antarctic Adaptations in Diatoms

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An international team of researchers conducted a comparative genomic analysis to gain insights into the genome structure and evolution of the diatom Fragillariopsis cylindrus, as well as its role in the Southern Ocean.







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