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Medicine

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Antibiotics, Antibiotic Resistance, Bacteria, antibacterial resistance, Metals, organic acids, Food Pathogens, Food Preservation, Agricultural Chemicals And Pathogens, Israel, Innovation

A Possible Alternative to Antibiotics

Technion researchers say a combination of metals and organic acids is an effective way to eradicate cholera, salmonella, pseudomonas, and other pathogenic bacteria. The combination also works on bacteria that attack agricultural crops.

Medicine

Science

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Blind, Blinding diseases, blinding eye disease, Blindness, blindness initiatives, blindness research, feline diseases, Feline, Niemann Pick, niemann-pick, Niemann-Pick disease, niemann pick type 1

Rare Feline Genetic Disorders Identified Through Whole Genome Sequencing at MU

Whole genome sequencing (WGS), which is the process of determining an organism’s complete DNA sequence, can be used to identify DNA anomalies that cause disease. Identifying disease-causing DNA abnormalities allows clinicians to better predict an effective course of treatment for the patient. Now, in a series of recent studies, scientists at the University of Missouri are using whole genome sequencing through the 99 Lives Cat Genome Sequencing Consortium to identify genetic variants that cause rare diseases, such as progressive retinal atrophy and Niemann-Pick type 1, a fatal disorder in domestic cats. Findings from the study could help feline preservationists implement breeding strategies in captivity for rare and endangered species such as the African black-footed cat.

Medicine

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Electrical Brain Stimulation, Optic nerve damage, Dendritic stripping, retinal nerve cells, Repetitive transorbital alternating current stimulation , Cell Death, Survivor cells

Current Stimulation May Keep Visual Neurons Alive After Injury – but at a Cost

In a study published in Scientific Reports, researchers from Magdeburg University (Germany) and The Chinese University of Hong Kong report that for rats and mice, repetitive transorbital alternating current stimulation (rtACS) may help preserve visual neurons from cell death after injury.

Medicine

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Depression, Psychiatry, Mental Health, Ketamine, Antidepressant, Pharmaceutical Science

First Large-Scale Population Analysis Reinforces Ketamine’s Reputation as Antidepressant

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Researchers at Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at University of California San Diego mined the FDA Adverse Effect Reporting System (FAERS) database for depression symptoms in patients taking ketamine for pain. They found that depression was reported half as often among the more than 41,000 patients who took ketamine, as compared to patients who took any other drug or drug combination for pain.

Medicine

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cornea transplant, Immunology

New Technique May Prevent Graft Rejection in High-Risk Corneal Transplant Patients

Treating donor corneas with a cocktail of molecules prior to transplanting to a host may improve survival of grafts and, thus, outcomes in high-risk corneal transplant patients, according to a new study led by researchers at Massachusetts Eye and Ear.

Science

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MARS, NASA, Space Exploration, Engineering, Materials Science

Engineers Investigate a Simple, No-Bake Recipe to Make Bricks From Martian Soil

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Explorers planning to settle on Mars might be able to turn the planet’s red soil into bricks without needing to use an oven or additional ingredients. Instead, they would just need to apply pressure to compact the soil—the equivalent of a blow from a hammer. These are the findings of a study published in Nature Scientific Reports on April 27, 2017. The study was authored by a team of engineers at the University of California San Diego and funded by NASA.

Medicine

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Gastroenterolgy, Ulcerative Colitis, Research

Researchers Reveal Turmeric’s Health Benefits Extend Beyond Curcumin

A new study by researchers at Baylor Scott & White Research Institute is the first to compare anti-inflammatory benefits of curcumin against a combination of both curcumin and essential turmeric oils.

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Materials Science, materials simulation & theory

Study Offers New Theoretical Approach to Describing Non-Equilibrium Phase Transitions

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Two physicists at Argonne offered a way to mathematically describe a particular physics phenomenon called a phase transition in a system out of equilibrium. Such phenomena are central in physics, and understanding how they occur has been a long-held and vexing goal; their behavior and related effects are key to unlocking possibilities for new electronics and other next-generation technologies.

Science

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Honey Bees

Common Pesticide Damages Honey Bee’s Ability to Fly

Biologists at UC San Diego have provided the first evidence that a widely used pesticide can significantly impair the ability of otherwise healthy honey bees to fly. The study, which employed a bee “flight mill,” raises concerns about how pesticides affect honey bee pollination and long-term effects on the health of honey bee colonies.

Medicine

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Health, Epidemeology, computer modeling and simulation, health science, biological threats

Managing Disease Spread Through Accessible Modeling

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A new computer modeling study from Los Alamos National Laboratory is aimed at making epidemiological models more accessible and useful for public-health collaborators and improving disease-related decision making.







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