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Medicine

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Genetics, C Reactive Protein, CHD

Findings of Genetics Study Does Not Support Causal Association of C-Reactive Protein With CHD

An analysis of the association between genetic variations of the inflammation biomarker C-reactive protein (CRP) with coronary heart disease failed to support a causal association, according to a study in the July 1 issue of JAMA.

Science

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Genome Sequencing, Labyrinthulomycetes, Stony Brook University, Somas

Little-known Marine Decomposers Attract the Attention of Genome Sequencers

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Joint Genome Institute to sequence the genomes of four species of labyrinthulomycetes.

Medicine

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ASD, Autism, Genetics, CNV, Susceptibility

More Gene Mutations Linked to Autism Risk

More pieces in the complex autism inheritance puzzle are emerging in the latest gene study of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). This study identified 27 different genetic regions where rare copy number variations "“ missing or extra copies of DNA segments "“ occurred in the genes of children with ASDs, but not in healthy controls.

Medicine

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Autism, Genetics

More Gene Mutations Linked to Autism Risk

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More pieces in the complex autism inheritance puzzle are emerging in the latest study from a research team including geneticists from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), and several collaborating institutions.

Medicine

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Capsules, Medicine, Selectin, Genetics, Cells

Like Burrs on Your Clothes, Molecule-size Capsules Can Deliver Drugs by Sticking to Targeted Cells

It is now possible to engineer tiny containers the size of a virus to deliver drugs and other materials with almost 100 percent efficiency to targeted cells in the bloodstream. According to a new Cornell study, the technique could one day be used to deliver vaccines, drugs or genetic material to treat cancer and blood and immunological disorders. (Gene Therapy online, June 25, 2009.)

Medicine

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ADHD, Genetics, Genomics, CNV, Pediatrics, Autism, Psychiatry

ADHD Genes Found; Known to Play Roles in Neurodevelopment

Pediatric researchers have identified hundreds of gene variations that occur more frequently in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder than in children without ADHD. Many of those genes were already known to be important for learning, behavior, brain function and neurodevelopment. This is the first study to investigate the role of copy number variations in ADHD.

Medicine

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gout, Genetics, Blood, Urate, Abcg2, Genetics, URIC, Acid

Scientists Out a Gene for Gout

Having partnered last year with an international team that surveyed the genomes of 12,000 individuals to find a genetic cause for gout, Johns Hopkins scientists now have shown that the malfunctioning gene they helped uncover can lead to high concentrations of blood urate that forms crystals in joint tissue, causing inflammation and pain "” the hallmark of this disease.

Medicine

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DVT, Genomics, Mutation, Evidence, Prevention, EPC, Pulmonary Embolism, Blood Clots

No Proof Found That Genetic Testing Helps Prevent Blood Clots

There is insufficient evidence to conclude that genetic testing for two gene mutations in adults with a history of blood clots helps to prevent deep-vein thrombosis.

Medicine

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Genome, stem, Cells, Genetics, Paroxysmal, Nocturnal, Hemoglobinuria, PNH

Researchers Edit Genes in Human Stem Cells

Researchers at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine have successfully edited the genome of human- induced pluripotent stem cells, making possible the future development of patient-specific stem cell therapies. Reporting this week in Cell Stem Cell, the team altered a gene responsible for causing the rare blood disease paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, or PNH, establishing for the first time a useful system to learn more about the disease.

Medicine

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Cancer, Therapies, Breast, Mastectomy

Scientists Find Faster, Cheaper Way to Identify Cancer-Causing Genes

Researchers at the University of Virginia Health System have found a new way to study how genes function in living organisms, and their approach could substantially cut the time and costs that drug makers spend in searching for potential targets for new cancer therapies.

Science

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AMP, Saghs, Genetics, CER

Association for Molecular Pathology Comments to SACGHS

In pubic comments given today before the Secretary of Health and Human Services Advisory Committee on Genetics, Health and Society (SACGHS), the Association for Molecular Pathology (AMP) addressed three areas: Comparative Effectiveness Research (CER), evidence for coverage of genetic and genomic tests, and gene patents.

Science

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Sperm, Histones, Genetics, Reproduction, Embryo, Development, Chromatin

Father's Day Gift? Special Packaging for Genes in Sperm

It was long believed that conception doesn't involve a meeting of equals. The egg is a relatively large biological factory compared with the tiny sperm. However, a new study from Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah reveals that the father's sperm delivers much more complex genetic material than previously thought. The findings could lead to a test to help couples deal with infertility.

Medicine

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Junping Genes, Transposons, Mobile Dna Elements, Insertions, Genetic Diseases

Jumping Genes Discovery "Challenges Current Assumptions"

Jumping genes do most of their jumping, not during the development of sperm and egg cells, but during the development of the embryo itself. The research challenges standard assumptions on the timing of when mobile DNA, so-called jumping genes, insert into the human genome.

Medicine

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Rheumatoid Arthritis, Nature Genetics, REL, Feinstein Institute For Medical Research, Robert S. Boas Center For Genomics And Human Genetics, Peter Gregersen, National Institute Of Arthritis And Musculoskeletal And Skin Diseases, North American Rheumatoid

Identify New Risk Factor Gene for Rheumatoid Arthritis

Feinstein Institute for Medical Research and a team of collaborators from across the country have identified a new risk factor gene for rheumatoid arthritis. The gene, dubbed REL, is a member of the NF-(kappa)B family. The NF-(kappa)B family seems to have a big hand in regulating the body's immune response.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Florida State University, FSU, Kevin Beaver, Beaver, Males, Adolescents, Crime, Criminology, Genetics, Weapons, Warrior

Study Links "˜Warrior Gene' to Gang Membership, Weapon Use

Boys who carry a particular variation of the gene Monoamine oxidase A (MAOA), sometimes called the "warrior gene," are more likely not only to join gangs but also to be among the most violent members and to use weapons, according to a new study from The Florida State University that is the first to confirm an MAOA link specifically to gangs and guns.

Medicine

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eye, Cancer, Genetics, Testing, Counseling, Metastasis, risk, Ocular, Melanoma

Cancer Patients Want Genetic Testing to Predict Metastasis Risk; Results Have Little Effect on Mood, Quality of Life

If you had cancer and a genetic test could predict the risk of aggressive metastasis, would you want to know "“ even if no treatments existed to help you? An overwhelming majority of eye cancer patients would answer yes, according to a new UCLA study published in the June edition of the Journal of Genetic Counseling.

Medicine

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ASCO, Genetics, Testing, Brca1, Brca2, Breast, Cancer, New, Jersey

Most Parents Share Genetic Testing Results with Offspring

New research shows that most parents who undergo genetic testing to assess their risk of breast cancer in particular, tell their young children of the results. The study, presented at the annual American Society of Clinical Oncology meeting, also looks at how parents perceive their child's reaction to such news.

Medicine

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Aeg 1, Neuroblastoma

Researchers Identify Gene That Regulates Tumors in Neuroblastoma

Virginia Commonwealth University researchers have identified a gene that may play a key role in regulating tumor progression in neuroblastoma, a form of cancer usually found in young children. Scientists hope the finding could lead to an effective therapy to inhibit the expression of this gene.

Medicine

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Testicular Cancer, Cancer Genes, Cancer Genetics, Genetic Risk Factors, Genome, Genome Wide Association Study

Researchers Discover Genetic Risk Factor for Testicular Cancer

Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have uncovered variation around two genes that are associated with an increased risk of testicular cancer. Testicular cancer is the most common cancer among young men, and its incidence among non-Hispanic Caucasian men has doubled in the last 40 years -- it now affects seven out of 100,000 white men in the United States each year.

Medicine

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Primary Biliary Cirrhosis, Liver

Researchers Discover Genetic Cause for Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

Researchers have discovered a novel molecular path that predisposes patients to develop primary biliary cirrhosis, a disease that mainly affects women and slowly destroys their livers. Primary biliary cirrhosis has no known cause.







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