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Medicine

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news release, Minnesota News Release, Mayo Clinic Center for Individualized Medicine, Center for Individualized Medicine, CIM, Bioethics, bioethics program, Richard Sharp, Jennifer McCormick, Genomics, Genome, Exome, Genomic Medicine, Incidental Findings, return of results

Changes in Genetic Testing Recommendations Strengthen Patient Autonomy

Recent modifications in recommendations regarding incidental findings (IFs) in genetic testing from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) depart from the college’s 2013 recommendations in favor of an individualized approach. Experts in the Bioethics Program of the Mayo Clinic Center for Individualized Medicine published a review of the updated 2014 recommendations in the journal Proceedings.

Medicine

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Genomics, Cancer Research, Leukemia, National Cancer Insitute, Personalized Medicine, genes, Genetic Code, genetic abnormality, Cancer Prevention, National Human Genome Research Institute, genome-wide assocation study, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, InterLymph

Genomics Investigator Works Toward Cancer Prevention with Award-Winning Research

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UAB epidemiologist Christine Skibola used genomics to identify a DNA variant that makes some susceptible to leukemia.

Medicine

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Infectious Diseases, Vaccines, Drug Development, Streptococcus Bacteria

A Key Step Toward a Safer Strep Vaccine

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An international team of scientists, led by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, have identified the genes encoding a molecule that famously defines Group A Streptococcus (strep), a pathogenic bacterial species responsible for more than 700 million infections worldwide each year.

Medicine

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Influenza, Virus, Genetics, Infectious Disease, Immunology

Genes Found in Nature Yield 1918-Like Virus with Pandemic Potential

An international team of researchers has shown that circulating avian influenza viruses contain all the genetic ingredients necessary to underpin the emergence of a virus similar to the deadly 1918 influenza virus.

Science

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Parkinson's Disease, lrrk2 gene, Alpha-synuclein, Genetics, LRRK2 inhibitor

LRRK2 Inhibitors May Be Key to Combating Parkinson’s Disease

An enzyme closely associated with genetic forms of Parkinson’s disease appears to play a larger role in its progression than previously thought, say investigators at UAB.

Medicine

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Autism, ADHD, Schizophrenia, glutamate signaling, GWAS, CNVs, Center for Applied Genomics, Gene Networks

Three Gene Networks Found in Autism, May Present Treatment Targets

A new analysis of DNA from thousands of patients has uncovered several underlying gene networks with potentially important roles in autism. These networks may offer atractive targets for developing new autism drugs or repurposing drugs for other indications.

Science

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silent mutations, DNA, Protein Translation, codon context, Codons, DNA mutations

Silent Mutations Speak Up

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Returning to research of years ago, U biologists developed an assay to test effects of all possible silent mutations on protein translation. One-third of silent mutations caused a slow down--in some cases decreasing the speed of translation five-fold.

Medicine

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Mediator, advanced electron microscopy, Molecular Imaging, regulatory proteins, gene tran, single particle EM

Scripps Research Institute Scientists Generate Long-Sought Molecular Map of Critical Genetic Machinery

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A team led by researchers at The Scripps Research Institute has used advanced electron microscopy techniques to determine the first accurate structural map of Mediator, one of the largest and most complex “molecular machines” in cells.

Medicine

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Genetics, Heart Disease, Personalized Medicine, Cardio Vascualar Disease, Cardiovascular

Genetics Provide Blueprint for New Heart Disease Therapies, Writes Penn Medicine Researcher

Advances in the understanding of the genetics of coronary artery disease, or CAD, will revitalize the field and lead to more therapeutic targets for new medicines to combat this common disease, suggests a genetics expert from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania in a Perspective article in the new issue of Science Translational Medicine.

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UCLA Researchers Identify New Gene Involved in Parkinson’s Disease, a Finding that may Result in New Treatments for the Debilitating Disorder

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A team of UCLA researchers has identified a new gene involved in Parkinson’s disease, a finding that may one day provide a target for a new drug to prevent and potentially even cure the debilitating neurological disorder.







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