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Medicine

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Epilepsy, brain networks, brain regions, Neurology, Network Theory, Christian Geier, Klaus Lehnertz, University of Bonn, Chaos

New Analysis of Brain Network Activity Offers Unique Insight Into Epileptic Seizures

Little is known about which specific areas of the brain contribute to a patient’s epileptic network or the roles these different areas play. As a group of researchers in Germany now reports this week in Chaos, one way to get closer to the complex wiring of the human brain is by merging concepts from a timed-based synchronization theory and space-based network theory to construct functional brain networks.

Medicine

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Brain Injury, Medical Research, Rehabilitation

Researchers Receive $12.7M to Improve Care for Traumatic Brain Injury Patients

Researchers at Baylor Institute for Rehabilitation and Baylor Scott & White Research Institute received a grant to participate in a nationwide study to improve post-acute care for patients who have suffered a traumatic brain injury.

Medicine

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Neuron, Motor Skills, motor development disabilities, Dyspraxia, developmental coordination disorder, Brain, motor cortex, cortical spinal, Genetics, genes, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Pediatrics, Children, press distribution

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 3-May-2017 12:00 PM EDT

Medicine

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Erin Michos, Cardiology, Heart, Blood

Exercise and Vitamin D Better Together for Heart Health

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Johns Hopkins researchers report that an analysis of survey responses and health records of more than 10,000 American adults for nearly 20 years suggests a “synergistic” link between exercise and good vitamin D levels in reducing the risk of heart attacks and stroke

Medicine

Science

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National Institute Of Environmental Health Sciences, Niehs, Antidepressant, Amitriptyline, blood-brain barrier, central nervous system, P-glycoprotein, Rat study

Antidepressant May Enhance Drug Delivery to the Brain

Amitriptylineimprovesdrugdeliveryacrosstheblood-brainbarrier.jpg

New research from the National Institutes of Health found that pairing the antidepressant amitriptyline with drugs designed to treat central nervous system diseases, enhances drug delivery to the brain by inhibiting the blood-brain barrier in rats. The blood-brain barrier serves as a natural, protective boundary, preventing most drugs from entering the brain. The research, performed in rats, appeared online April 27 in the Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism.

Medicine

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Folate Metabolism, Pituitary Adenoma, transsphenoidal surgery, AANS Annual Scientific Meeting, AANS, American Association of Neurological Surgeons

Folate Receptor Overexpression Can Be Visualized in Real Time During Pituitary Adenoma Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Surgery

Winner of the Synthes Skull Base Award, John Y.K. Lee, MD, FAANS, presented his research, Folate Receptor Overexpression Can Be Visualized in Real Time During Pituitary Adenoma Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Surgery, during the 2017 American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) Annual Scientific Meeting

Medicine

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Angiogenesis, Medulloblastoma, Pathogenesis, AANS, AANS Annual Scientific Meeting, American Association of Neurological Surgeons

Angiogenesis Plays a Critical Role in Group 3 Medulloblastoma Pathogenesis

Winner of the Columbia Softball Charity Award, Eric M. Thompson, MD, presented his research, Angiogenesis Plays a Critical Role in Group 3 Medulloblastoma Pathogenesis, during the 2017 American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) Annual Scientific Meeting.

Science

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Biotechnology, Neurobiology

UF Receives Up to $8.4 Million From DoD to Study Brain Training Using Electric Stimulation

The U.S. Defense Department is looking for ways to speed up cognitive skills training — the types of skills useful for specialists such as linguists, intelligence analysts and cryptographers — and is awarding University of Florida engineers and neuroscientists up to $8.4 million over the next four years to investigate how to do that by applying electrical stimulation to peripheral nerves as a means of strengthening neuronal connections in the brain.

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Could Parkinson’s Disease Start in the Gut?

Parkinson’s disease may start in the gut and spread to the brain via the vagus nerve, according to a study published in the April 26, 2017, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The vagus nerve extends from the brainstem to the abdomen and controls unconscious body processes like heart rate and food digestion.

Medicine

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overlapping surgeries, patient outcomes, AANS Annual Scientific Meeting, AANS, American Association of Neurological Surgeons

Overlapping Surgeries are not Associated with Worse Patient Outcomes: Retrospective Multivariate Analysis of 14,872 Neurosurgical Cases Performed at a Single Institution

Winner of the Robert Florin Award, Michael Bohl, MD, presented his research, Overlapping Surgeries are not Associated with Worse Patient Outcomes: Retrospective Multivariate Analysis of 14,872 Neurosurgical Cases Performed at a Single Institution, during the 2017 American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) Annual Scientific Meeting.







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