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Renewable Fuel, Concrete Beams, Enzyme's 3D Structure, and More in the Engineering News Source

The latest research and features in the Newswise Engineering News Source

Science

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Biomass, FUEL

Triple Play Boosting Value of Renewable Fuel Could Tip Market in Favor of Biomass

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A new process triples the fraction of biomass converted to high-value products to nearly 80 percent, also tripling the expected rate of return for an investment in the technology from roughly 10 percent (for one end product) to 30 percent.

Science

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Memory, Neurobiolgy, Thalamus

Storing a Memory Involves Distant Parts of the Brain

In studies with mice, Janelia researchers discovered that to maintain certain short-term memories, the brain’s cortex relies on connections with the thalamus.

Science

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Biofuel, Crystallography, Enzymes

Insight Into Enzyme’s 3D Structure Could Cut Biofuel Costs

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Using neutron crystallography, a Los Alamos research team has mapped the three-dimensional structure of a protein that breaks down polysaccharides, such as the fibrous cellulose of grasses and woody plants, a finding that could help bring down the cost of creating biofuels.

Medicine

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Blood Test, Healthcare, Infectious Disease, Healthcare Costs, drug-resistant infections, Public Health

New Blood Test Technology Reduces False Readings, Saves Costs, and Improves Care - Live Virtual Press Briefing with Researcher May 16

Research findings to be published about new blood test technology that will greatly reduce errors in labwork and improve care in public health and infectious disease. Press briefing scheduled for May 16, reserve press access to live virtual event now.

Medicine

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Study Shows Novel Device Significantly Reduces Blood Draw Contamination, Reduces Risks to Patients

A study at the University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC) found that a novel device can significantly reduce contamination of blood cultures, potentially reducing risky overtreatment and unnecessary use of antibiotics for many patients. This approach could also substantially reduce healthcare costs, according to the study. Thousands of U.S. patients get their blood drawn every day for blood cultures in order to diagnose serious infections such as sepsis, which can be a deadly condition. A small but significant percentage of the blood cultures are contaminated, due in part to skin fragments containing bacteria that are dislodged during a blood draw. This leads to false results that can mislead clinicians into thinking a patient has a potentially serious bloodstream infection. The consequences are costly and put patients at risk.

Medicine

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Blood culture, Contamination, Bacterial Infection, Infectious Disease, Emergency Room, blood sample contamination

Virtual Press Briefing: Novel Device Reduces Blood Sample Contamination, Could Save Billions in Health Care Costs

Newswise hosts a virtual live press briefing on upcoming journal study with research results concerning a new blood collection technique that reduces contamination of blood samples and improves treatment outcomes.

Science

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Lignin, Carbon Fiber, carbon fiber composites materials

Mountains of Waste Could Lead to New U.S. Manufacturing, Jobs

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Waste material from the paper and pulp industry soon could be made into anything from tennis rackets to cars. Texas A&M AgriLife Research scientist discovers how to make good quality carbon fiber from lignin waste.

Science

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Biophysics, ATP, Photosynthesis, artificial photosynthesis, Supercomputing

Assembling Life’s Molecular Motor

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As part of a project dedicated to modeling how single-celled purple bacteria turn light into food, a team of computational scientists from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) simulated a complete ATP synthase in all-atom detail. The work builds on the project’s first phase—a 100-million atom photosynthetic organelle called a chromatophore—and gives scientists an unprecedented glimpse into a biological machine whose energy efficiency far surpasses that of any artificial system.

Science

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Award Winners Recognized at the 2017 AAPS National Biotechnology Conference

The American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS), recognized ground-breaking research in the pharmaceutical sciences with awards presented at the 2017 National Biotechnology Conference.







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