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Psychology, Bruce Compas, Vanderbilt, Children, Chronic Illness, Cancer, Leukaemia, Leukemia, Brain Tumor, Sickle Cell Anemia, Congenital Heart Disease, Type 1 Diabetes, Traumatic Brain Injury, Memory, IQ, PTSD, Chemotherapy, Radiation, Vumc, mental therapy, mental and cognitive disorders

Sick Kids Live Longer, but Brain Function May Suffer

Hundreds of thousands of children with chronic illnesses who used to die are now surviving their disease and treatment—which is amazing. But their brains are being damaged in the process of keeping them alive. This first ever research quantifies the IQ impact of six main illnesses and looks and the common threads that connect them. It also takes next steps on how psychologists can team up with surgeons/oncologists, etc. to help treat kids and their parents, so they can thrive in school and life.

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beets, beetroot, Nitrate, Nitric Acid, Cardiovascular Disease, Heart Disease, Heart Failure, sympathetic nervous system, Sympathetic Nerve Activity, Sympathetic Outflow, Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Dietary Supplements

Beetroot Juice May Provide Benefits to Heart Disease Patients

A new study finds that dietary nitrate—a compound that dilates blood vessels to decrease blood pressure—may reduce overstimulation of the sympathetic nervous system that occurs with heart disease. The research team looked specifically at beetroot juice, a source of dietary nitrate, to explore its use as a future targeted treatment option for people with cardiovascular disease.

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Diabetes, Glucose, Type 2 Diabetes, Type 1 Diabetes, Ut Southwestern, Ghrelin

Research Elucidates Ghrelin’s Role in Blood Glucose Regulation, a Finding with Implications for Treating Diabetes

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UT Southwestern research investigating the blood glucose-regulatory actions of the hormone ghrelin may have implications for development of new treatments for diabetes.

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Inflamamatory Bowel Disease (Ibd), Crohn's Disease, Ulcerative Colitis, Microrna, inflammasome

Researchers Uncover Key Role for MicroRNA in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

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An international team of researchers has discovered that a microRNA produced by certain white blood cells can prevent excessive inflammation in the intestine. The study, “Myeloid-derived miR-223 regulates intestinal inflammation via repression of the NLRP3 inflammasome,” which will be published May 9 in The Journal of Experimental Medicine, shows that synthetic versions of this microRNA can reduce intestinal inflammation in mice and suggests a new therapeutic approach to treating patients with Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis.

Medicine

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Diabetes, Biomedical Engineering, Research, Insulin, Blood, Smart medical systems, Drug Delivery

Researchers Use Modified Insulin and Red Blood Cells to Regulate Blood Sugar

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Researchers have developed a new technique that uses modified insulin and red blood cells to create a glucose-responsive “smart” insulin delivery system. In an animal model study, the new technique effectively reduced blood sugar levels for 48 hours in a strain of mice that had Type 1 diabetes.

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Dana Farber Cancer Institute, AML, Leukemia, Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Cancer, Blood Cancers, FDA, Chemotherapy

Backed by Dana-Farber Research, FDA Approves New AML Drug

A targeted drug whose clinical testing was led by Richard Stone, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, has become the first new treatment for newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in more than 25 years.

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World Hand Hygiene Day, Young Adult Smokers, Synthetic Marijuana, and More in the Public Health News Source

The latest research, experts and features in Public Health in the Public Health News Source

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Omega 3 Fatty Acids, blood-brain barrier, Blood Cells, Lipids, Cells, central nervous system, Transcytosis, Mfsd2a, Delivering Drugs, Drugs and the Brain, Brain, Chenghua Gu, Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Blood Vessels, Endothelial Cells

Unlocking the Barrier

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At a glance: · New study reveals that blood-brain barrier function relies on the balance between omega-3 fatty acids and other lipids in cells that line blood vessels in the central nervous system. · This lipid make-up keeps the barrier closed by inhibiting the formation of vesicles that shuttle molecules across cells, a process known as transcytosis. · Low levels of vesicles are maintained by the lipid transport protein Mfsd2a. · Disrupting Mfsd2a may be a strategy for opening the blood-brain barrier to deliver drugs into the brain.

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Brain Cancer, Diabetes, Glioma, Blood Sugar, Blood Glucose

Surprising Link Between Blood Sugar and Brain Cancer Found

New research further illuminates the surprising relationship between blood sugar and brain tumors and could begin to shed light on how certain cancers develop.

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Type 1 Diabetes, Type 1 Diabetes Clinical Trial, artificial pancreas

Artificial Pancreas Benefits Young Children, Trial Shows

A pilot study among young children with Type 1 diabetes found that a University of Virginia-developed artificial pancreas helped study participants better control their condition.







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