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Vision, Visual Cortex, Brain Research, Neuroscience, McMaster University, Kathryn Murphy, Eyesight, Amblyopia, Neural Plasticity, Middle Age

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 29-May-2017 1:00 PM EDT

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Aging, Immigrants, Chinese, Asian, Cognitive Function, Physical Function, Geriatric condition, Culture, Public Health, Epidemiology, Social Support, social strain

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 1-Jun-2017 8:00 AM EDT

Medicine

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Dramatic Shift in Gut Microbes and Their Metabolites Seen After Weight Loss Surgery

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Obesity is linked with the composition of microbes in the human gut. In new research, bacterial composition in the gut, as well as accompanying metabolites are shown to undergo a profound and permanent shift, with microbial diversity significantly increasing following gastric bypass surgery.

Science

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Life on Terra Firma Began with an Invasion

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Scientists are now confident animal life on solid ground started with a few short bursts of marine creatures making the leap from the oceans. New research at the University of Portsmouth also paints a clear picture of how animals rapidly spread out and changed once they made the leap.

Medicine

Science

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ohio river, Water, PFOA, Environmental Health, PFC, Ohio River Valley

High Levels of PFOA Found in Mid-Ohio River Valley Residents From 1991 to 2013

New research from the University of Cincinnati (UC) reveals that residents of the Mid-Ohio River Valley had higher than normal levels of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) based on blood samples collected over a 22-year span. The exposure source was likely from drinking water contaminated by industrial discharges upriver. This is the first study of PFOA serum concentrations in U.S. residents in the 1990s.

Medicine

Science

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Scientists Jump Hurdle in HIV Vaccine Design

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Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have made another important advance in HIV vaccine design.

Medicine

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Gray Matter, Adolescence, Memory & Cognitive Processes, Executive Function, Speech, Decision Making, cortical thickness, self control, Brain Volume, Brain Density

Gray Matter Density Increases During Adolescence

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A new study published by Penn Medicine researchers this month and featured on the cover of the Journal of Neuroscience reveals that while volume indeed decreases from childhood to young adulthood, gray matter density actually increases.

Medicine

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Heart Failure, G protein-coupled receptor , Drug Target, Cardiology, Chronic Heart Failure

Scientists Identify Protein Linked to Chronic Heart Failure

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Researchers in Japan have identified a receptor protein on the surface of heart cells that promotes chronic heart failure. The study, “Corticotropin releasing hormone receptor 2 exacerbates chronic cardiac dysfunction,” which will be published May 26 in The Journal of Experimental Medicine, suggests that inhibiting this protein could help treat a disease that affects more than 20 million people worldwide.

Science

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Cancer, Metastasis, Tumor, Interleukin

New Cellular Target May Put the Brakes on Cancer’s Ability to Spread

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Researchers have discovered a biochemical signaling process that causes densely packed cancer cells to break away from a tumor and spread the disease elsewhere in the body.

Medicine

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Cancer, Cell Biology, Sugar, Glucose Metabolism, Lung Cancer, GLUT1

Study Sweetens Connection Between Cancer and Sugar

Scientists at the University of Texas at Dallas have found that a protein responsible for transporting glucose — a kind of sugar — into cells is present in significantly higher levels in lung squamous cell carcinoma than in lung adenocarcinoma.







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