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EMBARGOED AJPH Research: Adolescent Violence, Transgender Population, Inmate Mistreatment, Child Abuse

In this month’s release, find new embargoed research about: effect of social networks on adolescent violence; percentage of U.S. population identifying as transgender; treatment of sexual minority inmates; and prevalence of child maltreatment investigations.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Turkey, Russia

Turkish-Born Michigan Professor Can Talk About Assassination of Russian Ambassador in Turkey.

Medicine

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Ngos, Cure Violence

Cure Violence Rises to No. 12 on List of Top Global NGOs

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Cure Violence is ranked 12th in NGO Advisor’s 2017 report of the Top 500 NGOs in the world, one of the definitive international rankings of non-governmental organizations. Cure Violence has been among the top 20 NGOs for four consecutive years and moved up two places from last year.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Sociology, Police, Rural

Unpacking Heat

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Gun control issues continue to compete in rural police officers’ identities’ as both citizens and officers of the law. Rachael Woldoff, a West Virginia University sociology professor, examines these experiences in the first study to explore gun control views of rural U.S. police officers.

Medicine

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Northwestern Medicine, PTSD, Chicago

Shooting, Gang Violence Exposure Leads to PTSD

The violence that women in disadvantaged neighborhoods experience and witness can result in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and full diagnoses, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study that examined a disadvantaged Chicago neighborhood.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Same Sex Marriage, Gun Control, Moral Conviction, Morality, Political Engagement, Politics, Activism, moral motives, Psychology, Social Psychology, Political Psychology, Liberals, Conservatives

Political Left, Right Both Inspired by Utopian Hopes

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Studies explore moral convictions associated with same sex marriage, gun control

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Study on American Jihadi Women, Experts on ‘Low-Tech Terror’ and Hate Speech Versus Free Speech in the Terrorism News Source

For the latest research and experts on Terrorism go to the Terrorism News Source

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Brazil, Crack Cocaine, toxic stress, Brain Development In Children, Trauma, fMRI, Human Development, Drug Abuse, Domestic Abuse, Gang Violence, Child Protective Services

Texas Tech, Brazilian Researchers Examine Effects of Toxic Stress on Children’s Brain Development

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The study uses fMRI data to compare brain development between children who experience pervasive, continuing trauma and those with “normal” development.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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ISIS, ISIL, violent extremism, countering violent extremism

GW Extremism Tracker: US Officials Charged 111 People with ISIS-Related Offenses Since March 2014

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The number of ISIS-related charges issued in the United States since March 2014 increased from 109 to 111, according to updated research from the George Washington University’s Program on Extremism.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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female radicalization, ISIS, ISIS recruitment, violent extremism, Extremism, ISIL, terrorist organizations, women in terrorism

Study Finds Female American Jihadists Share Many of the Same Roles as Their Male Counterparts

A first-of-its-kind study examining the roles of American jihadi women found a steep increase in women’s participation in terrorist activity in the last five years.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Ohio State attacks, ISIL, Terrorism, mass violence, assault weapons, Muslims

‘Low-Tech Terror’: Researcher Says Attack with Car and Butcher Knife at Ohio State Shows Evolving Forms of Terrorism

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Violence, Violence Against Children , South Africa, Save the Children South Africa, Emotional Abuse, Physical Abuse, Sexual Abuse, Economy

Violence Against Children Costs South Africa $16.85 Billion Annually, Researchers Say

Violence against children in South Africa cost the nation R238.58 billion (equivalent to $16.85 billion in U.S. dollars) in 2015, Save the Children South Africa revealed at a press conference today (Nov. 23).

Medicine

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Duke University Medical Center, Duke Health, Yale University, University of Connecticut, mental health and guns, mental health and suicide, Gun Control, Gun Law, Gun Policy, gun control policy, Domestic Abuse, Self Harm, suicidality, Suicide Attempts, Extreme Risk Protective Order, Background Checks

One State’s Temporary Gun Removal Law Shows Promise in Preventing Suicides

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A Connecticut law enacted in 1999 to allow police to temporarily remove guns from potentially violent or suicidal people likely prevented dozens of suicides, according to a study by researchers at Duke and Yale universities and the University of Connecticut.

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Rhode Island Law Loophole Allows Domestic Abusers to Keep Firearms, Despite Risks

Courts in Rhode Island rarely require abusers to turn in their firearms, even when orders prohibit them from possessing firearms under federal law and there is evidence they pose a lethal risk to victims, according to research presented at the American Public Health Association’s 2016 Annual Meeting and Expo in Denver.

Medicine

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Gunshot, gunshot wounds, Violence, traumatic brain injuries, TBI, GSW, Trauma, Trauma Care

Researchers Develop System to Classify Gunshot Wounds to the Head and Other Similar Injuries

– Every year, more than 32,000 Americans die from gunshot wounds. A significant proportion of these deaths involve head wounds. Despite this massive public health burden, researchers know little about the variables that determine whether a victim of these injuries will live or die. Now, for the first time ever, researchers have developed a system to help answer this question. The system has created a way to better understand the variables involved in survival from these wounds.

Medicine

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Gun Violence, Mental Health, behaviorial health , gun violence prevention, coping natural disasters

Better Coordination of Mental Health Services Needed Nationwide-- Joseph Merlino, MD, NY Academy of Medicine.

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Medicine

Life

Law and Public Policy

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campus carry, Guns on campus, mass shootings

Allowing Guns on College Campuses Unlikely to Reduce Mass Shootings

Policies allowing civilians to bring guns on college campuses are unlikely to reduce mass shootings on campus and are likely to lead to more shootings, homicides and suicides on campus, especially among students, a new report concludes.

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Researchers Identify Link Between Domestic Violence and Traumatic Brain Injury

Physicians and researchers at Barrow Neurological Institute have identified a link between domestic violence and traumatic brain injury.

Science

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Health, Health & Medicine, epidemiolgy, Biostatistics, Urban Planning

Adding Windows to Vacant Houses and Clearing Vacant Lots Reduces Gun Violence, Saves Money

Each dollar spent repairing abandoned buildings and vacant lots reduces neighborhood gun violence by as much as 39 percent and yields, respectively, a $5 and $26 return on investment (ROI) to taxpayers, and a $79 and $333 ROI to society at large through steps like installing working windows and doors in abandoned buildings, as well as removing trash and debris, and planting grass and trees.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Law Enforcement Officer Deaths, Lethal Force by Law Enforcement Officers, violence against police, Violence by police, Violence related deaths, Suicides, Homicides, national violent death reporting system, American Journal of Preventive Medicine

New Data From National Violent Death Reporting System Shed Light on Law Enforcement Officer Deaths, Their Use of Lethal Force

Violence-related deaths, including homicides and suicides, are an urgent public health problem, according to Alex E. Crosby, MD, MPH, James A. Mercy, PhD, and Debra Houry, MD, MPH, from the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, GA. Their commentary and contributions by other noted experts in the supplement to the November American Journal of Preventive Medicine provide valuable insights into new data from the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS), which can help inform current debates about violence, prevention, and public policy.







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