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Medicine

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ALS, Lou Gehrig's Disease, Stem Cells, Animal Research, Bioscience, Veterinary Medicine, Neuron, Nerve Cells, Transplant, Muscle

Engineered Stem Cell Advance Points Toward Treatment for ALS

Transplantation of human stem cells in an experiment conducted at the University of Wisconsin-Madison improved survival and muscle function in rats used to model ALS, a nerve disease that destroys nerve control of muscles, causing death by respiratory failure.

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Scientists Identify Possible KRAS Downstream Target for Pancreatic Cancer Therapy

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While the mutated KRAS oncogene is associated with many cancers, it has not yet been successfully targeted by a therapeutic agent. Scientists are trying to find another way to target the gene by blocking signals from another protein downstream.

Medicine

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Stem Cells, Neuroscience, Spinal Cord Injury, Trauma

Stem Cell Injections Improve Spinal Injuries in Rats

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An international team led by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine reports that a single injection of human neural stem cells produced neuronal regeneration and improvement of function and mobility in rats impaired by an acute spinal cord injury (SCI).

Medicine

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shared decision making, Health Care Costs, doctor-patient communication, provider incentives

When Doctors and Patients Share in Decisions, Hospital Costs Go Up

Doctors and patients are encouraged to share decision making. This enhances communication, satisfaction and outcomes, and may lower cost. Yet a new study found that patients who want to participate in their medical decisions end up spending more time in the hospital and raising costs of their stay.

Medicine

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weed killer, bug kiler, Solvents, Pesticides, Neurology, American Academy Of Neurology, Journal Neurology

Meta-Analysis: Bug and Weed Killers, Solvents May Increase Risk of Parkinson’s Disease

A large analysis of more than 100 studies from around the world shows that exposure to pesticides, or bug and weed killers, and solvents is likely associated with a higher risk of developing Parkinson’s disease. The research appears in the May 28, 2013, print issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Medicine

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Stroke, Blood Thinners, Warfarin, Surgery, Procedures, American Academy Of Neurology, bleeding risk, Aspirin

Should You Stop Blood Thinners Before Surgery? AAN Guideline Provides Direction

A new guideline from the American Academy of Neurology will help people who take blood thinners decide whether or not to take them during surgery or other medical procedures. The guideline is published in the May 28, 2013, print issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Medicine

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Down Syndrome, Neurosceince, Chromosome, Stem Cell

Down Syndrome Neurons Grown From Stem Cells Show Signature Problems

In new research published this week, Anita Bhattacharyya, a neuroscientist at the Waisman Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, reports on brain cells that were grown from skin cells of individuals with Down syndrome.

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Communication Between Physicians and Patients Important for Expectations

Seriously ill patients undergoing hemodialysis are more optimistic about their prognosis and prospects for transplants than their nephrologists, according to a study published online by JAMA Internal Medicine. The study also found that nephrologists rarely had discussed estimates of life-expectancy with their patients.

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Patient Participation in Decision Making Associated with Increased Costs, Services

A survey of almost 22,000 admitted patients at the University of Chicago Medical Center found patient preference to participate in decision making concerning their care was associated with a longer length of stay and higher total hospitalization costs, according to a report published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Decision Making Preferences Among Patients with Heart Attacks

In a research letter, Harlan M. Krumholz, M.D., S.M., from Yale University School of Medicine and colleagues, “sought to investigate preferences for participation in the decision-making process among individuals hospitalized with an acute myocardial infarction ([AMI] or heart attack).”







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