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Medicine

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Breast Cancer, Radiation Therapy, Lumpectomy

Reducing Radiation Could Safely Cut Breast Cancer Treatment Costs

More than half of older women with early stage breast cancer received more radiation therapy than what might be medically necessary, adding additional treatment and health care costs, according to a study led by Duke Cancer Institute researchers.

Medicine

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Infant Mortality, Allegheny County, infant deaths

Community Collaborators Digging Deeper to Solve High Infant Mortality

Between 2008 and 2012, 434 infants died in Allegheny County within their first year, ranking the county slightly worse than the national average. While blacks make up only 13.2% of the Allegheny County’s population, black infant deaths over a four-year period constituted 42% (225) of all infant deaths. This racial disparity in the infant mortality rate is 27 percent larger in Allegheny County compared to the national rate.

Medicine

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Lauren Osborne, Postpartum, Depression, Allopregnanolone, Pregnancy, Mood Disorder, Johns Hopkins

Low Levels of ‘Anti-Anxiety’ Hormone Linked to Postpartum Depression

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In a small-scale study of women with previously diagnosed mood disorders, Johns Hopkins researchers report that lower levels of the hormone allopregnanolone in the second trimester of pregnancy were associated with an increased chance of developing postpartum depression in women already known to be at risk for the disorder.

Medicine

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Preterm Birth

Two Common Tests Aren’t Effective in Predicting Premature Births, According to New National Study

Two screening tests often used to try to predict which pregnant women are likely to deliver prematurely aren’t effective in low-risk women, according to a national collaborative study of more than 10,000 women, led by clinician-researchers at University of Utah Health Sciences and Intermountain Healthcare. Researchers found that neither transvaginal cervical measurement or fetal fibronectin tests, used separately or together, adequately predicts preterm birth. The findings are published in March 14 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Medicine

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Surgery, Ergonomics, Medicine, Chronic Pain, Occupational Hazard, Posture, vaginal surgery, Operating Room, Suregeon, Doctor

For Surgeons in the OR, a Way to Fight Bad Posture

Surgeons face psychological stress. Less understood is the physical stress they endure from spending hours in awkward positions in the operating room. This causes shoulder, neck and lower back pain — ailments that lead to sick days, decreased quality of care and early retirements. Researchers are developing a tool to identify poor posture and, ultimately, correct these awkward positions in the operating room.

Medicine

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Krishna Upadhya, Contraceptives, over-the-counter, Over The Counter, OTC, oral, Teens, Pregnancy

Experts Find Strong Case for Over-the-Counter Oral Contraceptives for Adults and Teens

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After reviewing decades of published studies, a team of pediatric, adolescent and women's health experts concludes that regulatory, behavioral and scientific evidence supports switching oral contraceptives from prescription-only status to over-the-counter (OTC) availability.

Medicine

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Enlarged Prostate, BPH, Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, Fetal Development, Mullerian duct mesenchyme, Stk11 gene, Tumor-suppressing , Aging

Enlarged Prostate Later in Life Could Stem From Fetal Development Early On

New research from Michigan State University indicates that embryonic tissue, key to the development of a baby’s gender, could contribute to an enlarged prostate, or BPH, in men later in life.

Medicine

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University of Birmingham, Male sex hormones, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, PCOS

University of Birmingham Study Finds New Class of Androgens Play Key Role in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Scientists led by the University of Birmingham have discovered that a new class of male sex hormones known as androgens plays a key role in the development of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Science

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Gene Editing

FSU Expert Explains Changing Attitudes Toward Embryonic Gene Editing

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Medicine

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Prostate Cancer, Androgen Deprivation Therapy, Endostatin, Glucocorticoid Receptor, Androgen Receptor, Oxidative Stress, r, reactive oxygen species (ROS)

Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer Cell Growth Impeded by Endostatin

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Endostatin, a naturally occurring protein in humans, can significantly decrease proliferation of castration-resistant prostate cells in culture, and researchers describe the physiological pathways and signaling evoked by endostatin.







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