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Medicine

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Arizona News Releases, Dr Peter Cohen, Dr Sandra Gendler, Immunotherapy, Medical Research, news releases

Researchers Identify New Process to Raise Natural Armies of Cancer-Targeting T Lymphocytes Outside the Body

Mayo Clinic and University of Washington researchers have discovered a new culture method that unlocks the natural fighter function of immune T cells when they are passing through the bloodstream. This allows T cell armies to be raised directly from blood that naturally recognize and target proteins that are present on most human cancers. The results are published in the Feb. 14 issue of Oncotarget.

Science

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Biorobotics, Muscle Cells, biological systems, Biocomputing, muscle-cell diodes

Researchers Develop ‘Living Diode’ Using Cardiac Muscle Cells

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Research from the University of Notre Dame brings scientists one step closer to developing new forms of biorobotics and novel treatment approaches for several muscle-related health problems such as muscular degenerative disorders, arrhythmia and limb loss.

Medicine

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Bone Metastasis, Bone Metastases, pain care, palliative and end-of-life care, Palliative Care, Radiation Therapy

Radiation Therapy Continues to Be Gold Standard for Palliative Care of Painful Bone Metastases

The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) recently published an updated clinical guideline that underscores the safety and effectiveness of palliative radiation therapy (RT) for treating painful bone metastases.

Medicine

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Mount Sinai Health System, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Nicole Dubois, Mindich Child Health and Development Institute

Researchers Identify a Population of Cells Linked to the Development of the Heart’s Ventricular Chambers

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These findings could provide new insight and understanding of congenital heart defects.

Medicine

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sperm cells, egg fertilization, fusexin, Cell Fusion, Zika research, Dengue Virus, Hap2, Cells, Disease

Sperm-Egg Fusion Proteins Have Same Structure as Those Used by Zika and Other Viruses

The protein which helps the sperm and egg fuse together in sexual reproduction are part of a larger family of proteins that helps other cells bind together to create larger organs, and which also allows viruses like Zika and Dengue to invade healthy cells.

Medicine

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Diabetes, Genetics, Epigenetic, DNA regulation, Type 2 Diabetes, Transcription

Diabetes in Your DNA? Scientists Zero in on the Genetic Signature of Risk

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Many genetic mutations have been linked to Type 2 diabetes, but no clear genetic signature has emerged. Now, new results may explain how multiple genetic flaws can lead to the same disease: They seem to change the way certain cells in the pancreas “read” their genes.

Medicine

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Nicotine, Nicotine Addiction, nicotine receptors, Smoking, Brain, Faruk H. Moonschi, Ashley M. Loe, Chris I. Richards, University Of Kentucky, Biophysical Society 61st Meeting, Biophysical Society

Nicotine Changes How Nicotinic Receptors Are Grouped on Brain Cells

Nicotine -- the primary compound found within tobacco smoke -- is known to change the grouping of some subtypes of nicotine receptors, but the mechanisms for nicotine addiction remain unclear. This inspired a group of University of Kentucky researchers to explore the role nicotine plays in the assembly of nicotine receptors within the brain. During the Biophysical Society meeting, Feb. 11-15, 2017, Faruk Moonschi will present the group’s work, which centers on a fluorescence-based “single molecule” technique they developed.

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Possible Key to Regeneration Found in Planaria’s Origins

A new report from the Stowers Institute for Medical Research chronicles the embryonic origins of planaria, providing new insight into the animal's remarkable regenerative abilities.

Science

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Uniformed Services University Of The Health Sciences, Uniformed Services University, USU, Usuhs, Mastermind gene, Fusion Gene, pheochromocytomas , Paraganglioma, Cancer, Cancer Cell

New Study Links ‘Mastermind’ Gene to Rare Cancer-Causing Tumor

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Scientists have discovered a new “mastermind fusion gene” may be associated with a rare cancer-causing tumor – pheochromocytomas (“pheo”) and paragangliomas, according to a study published Feb. 13 in Cancer Cell, by researchers at the Uniformed Services University (USU) and the National Cancer Institutes’ The Cancer Genome Atlas. This breakthrough discovery could lead to more precise treatment as well as a better understanding of cancer itself.

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Researchers Identify 'Achilles' Heel' of PTEN That Helps Drive Prostate Cancer Progression

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Loss of the protein Importin 11 predicts relapse and metastasis in patients following prostate removal

Medicine

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Cancer, Melanoma, Skin Cancer, basal cell skin cancer, Diagnosis, Mitochondria, Multiphoton Microscopy, non-invasive imaging, Biopsy

Non-Invasive Test Offers Quick Skin Cancer Diagnosis

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Researchers have developed a non-invasive imaging technique that accurately detects skin cancer without surgical biopsy. Multiphoton microscopy of mitochondria accurately identified melanomas and basal cell carcinomas by detecting abnormal clusters of mitochondria in both types of skin cancer.

Medicine

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Cancer Treatment, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Drug Delivery, Targeted Drug Delivery, Pancreatic Cancer, chemotherapy delivery, Ndsu

NDSU Student Studying Cancer Treatment Wins Three Minute Thesis Competition

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NDSU students have many opportunities to practice skills they will use in their professional lives. The NDSU Graduate School hosted a Three Minute Thesis Competition to challenge graduate students to effectively communicate complex research to a general audience.

Medicine

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Cancer, adrenal cancer, Adrenal Glands, Tumor, Tumor Biomarkers

In-Depth Gene Search Reveals New Mutations, Drug Targets in Rare Adrenal Tumors

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Casting one of the largest genomic nets to date for the rare tumors of the autonomic nervous system known as pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PCC/PGL) captured several new mutations driving the disease that could serve as potential drug targets, researchers from Penn Medicine and other institutions reported this week in Cancer Cell.

Medicine

Science

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Cancer, Chemistry, Warwick, Ovarian, Compound, Osmium, Medical, Cells, Mitochondria, Metal, zinc, Calcium, nano, Biology

Organo-Metal Compound Seen Killing Cancer Cells From Inside

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Researchers have witnessed - for the first time - cancer cells being targeted and destroyed from the inside, by an organo-metal compound discovered by the University of Warwick.

Medicine

Science

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cellular imaging, Actin, Cancer

Heart-Shaped Cells

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The cellular skeleton protein actin can bind cells together, and also play a number of roles in cancer’s invasion into new tissues in the body.

Medicine

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Geospatial Indicators on Prevention, Cocaine and Unsafe Sex, LASER ART, and More in the AIDS and HIV News Source

The latest research, features, and experts on HIV and AIDS.

Medicine

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Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Research, Northwestern Medicine

Myopia Cell Discovered in Retina

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Northwestern Medicine scientists have discovered a cell in the retina that may cause myopia when it dysfunctions. The dysfunction may be linked to the amount of time a child spends indoors and away from natural light.

Medicine

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Pancreatic Cancer, MD Anderson Cancer Center, personalized medicine

Scientists Identify Aggressive Pancreatic Cancer Cells and Their Vulnerability

A team from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center describes this week in the journal Nature a series of preclinical experiments using patient-derived tumor xenografts (PDXs) and mouse models that point to potential treatments for patients with a rapidly-progressing and resistant subgroup of tumor cells.

Medicine

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Memorial Sloan Kettering, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Basket Studies, precision cancer therapy, Precision Medicine, Cancer Moonshot, Cancer, Oncology, Genome, genome oncology, Tailored Treatment, genome-driven, Clinical Trial, José Baselga, david hyman, data sharing, Sequencing, Molecular oncology

Memorial Sloan Kettering Researchers Publish Roadmap to Precision Oncology

Researchers from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) today published a seminal review of the rapidly evolving field of precision oncology, which allows doctors to recommend therapies based on a genetic understanding of a person’s cancer. Appearing in the special cancer-focused February 9 issue of Cell, the article — “Implementing Genome-Driven Oncology” — presents a critically self-reflective but solutions-focused perspective on this approach to cancer treatment.

Medicine

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Stephen Desiderio, DNA, RAG-2, RAG, John Bettridge, Histone, Fragment

An 'Ignition Key' Revs Up DNA Shuffling To Make Antibodies

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Rearranging the genome is a risky endeavor, and human cells reserve it for special occasions, like making egg and sperm cells.







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