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Chemistry, Research, College of Environmental Science and Forestry, applied microbiology, Christopher T. Nomura

ESF Chemistry Professor Appointed VP for Research

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Dr. Christopher T. Nomura, a professor in the Department of Chemistry at the College of Environmental Science and Forestry, has been appointed vice president for research at the college. Research at ESF includes aquatic ecosystems, bioenergy, biotechnology, biodiversity, ecology, genetic engineering, nanotechnology, remote sensing, wildlife disease prevention and many other subjects.

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New Active Filaments Mimic Biology, Zeroing in on the True Nature of Fluids, New Limits in the Search for Sterile Neutrinos, and MORE in the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP

Click here to go directly to the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP.

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Rapid Arctic Warming Has in the Past Shifted Southern Ocean Winds

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Ice core records from the two poles show that during the last ice age, sharp spikes in Arctic temperatures triggered shifts in the winds around Antarctica.

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Commencement, Conrad Anker, mountaineer, Climbing, Outdoors, film

Mountaineer and University of Utah Alum Conrad Anker to Deliver 2017 Commencement Address

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Conrad Anker was featured in the 2015 Sundance film, “Meru,” which chronicles his attempt to lead the first team to summit the notoriously difficult Shark’s Fin on Mount Meru in northern India. Anker was a founding member of The North Face Climbing Team and began his relationship with the outdoor company as a retail employee while he was a student at the University of Utah. He graduated in 1988 with a degree in recreation and leisure.

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seasonal energy storage, Solar Thermal, Energy Storage, sodium hydroxide, Ecological Applications, Heating And Cooling Systems

Summer Heat for the Winter

Can thermal solar energy be stored until wintertime? Within a European research consortium Empa scientists and their colleagues have spent four years studying this question by pitting three different techniques against each other.

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Surf and Earth: How Prawn Shopping Bags Could Save the Planet

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Bioengineers at The University of Nottingham are testing how to use shrimp shells to make biodegradable shopping bags, as a ‘green’ alternative to oil-based plastic, and as a new food packaging material to extend product shelf life.

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Water, Water Resources, Water Scarcity, Precipitation, Groundwater, India, Agriculture, Irrigation, Drought, Indian Ocean, Climate Change, Global Warming, Food Security

Changing Rainfall Patterns Linked to Water Security in India

Changes in precipitation, which are linked to the warming of the Indian Ocean, are the main reason for recent changes in groundwater storage in India.

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Basic Energy Sciences, Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, Emsl, Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Battery, battery design, zinc, zinc manganese oxides, Manganese, Energy Storage, Batteries, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, rechargeable batteries, rechargeable battery, electric grid, renewable ene

Make No Assumptions in Building a Better Battery

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Large-scale energy storage for wind and other intermittent sources could make renewable energy easier to use. Researchers showed that rechargeable zinc-manganese oxide could be a more viable solution than today’s lithium-ion and lead-acid batteries.

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Massive Genetic Study of Humpback Whales to Inform Conservation Assessments of Ocean Giants

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Scientists have published one of the largest genetic studies ever conducted on the humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) for the purpose of clarifying management decisions in the Southern Hemisphere and supporting calls to protect unique and threatened populations, according to WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society), the American Museum of Natural History, Columbia University, and other organizations.

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carbon dioxide (CO2), global warming, Carbon Capture and Storage, Carbon Capture, Crystallization, Guanidine Sorbent, direct air capture, Contaminants, chemical separation, materials characterization

Crystallization Method Offers New Option for Carbon Capture From Ambient Air

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Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have found a simple, reliable process to capture carbon dioxide directly from ambient air, offering a new option for carbon capture and storage strategies to combat global warming.

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Caribbean Bats Need 8 Million Years to Recover From Recent Extinction Waves

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Can nature restore the numbers of species on islands to levels that existed before human arrival? How long would it take for nature to regain this diversity? To answer these questions, a research team compiled data on Caribbean bats and their close relatives in a paper published in Nature Ecology and Evolution.

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Algae, Biofuel, Alternative Energy, Ecology, Environment

Species Diversity Reduces Chances of Crop Failure in Algal Biofuel Systems

When growing algae in outdoor ponds as a next-generation biofuel, a naturally diverse mix of species will help reduce the chance of crop failure, according to a federally funded study by University of Michigan researchers.

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Advanced Light Source, Basic Energy Sciences, Chemistry, Materials Science & Engineering, Material Science, materials sciences, material sciences, Energy Frontier Research Center, Energy Frontier Research Centers, Energy Frontier Reseaerch Centers, carbon dioxide (CO2), Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Dioxide Atmosphere, Carbon Monoxide, Cobalt, cobalt porphyrins

Greater Than the Sum of Its Parts

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Scientists combined two materials to create a structure that turns carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide. The material has promise for removing carbon dioxide from the air, while pumping out carbon monoxide, a useful industrial product.

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Oxygen, oxygen atom, Basic Energy Sciences, Perovskite, perovskite solar cells, perovskites, Nature Communication, Nature Communications, Electrochemistry, Electrochemical storage, Stanford University, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley Lab, Electrons, Electron, Metals, Catalyst, Catalysts, iron, Fuel Cells, Fuel Cell, artificial photosynthesis, en

Oxygen Takes Elitist Attitude to Sharing Electrons

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Fuel cells and other devices use reactions involving oxygen. To improve these technologies, scientists need to know how the oxygen behaves. Researchers just overturned the conventional thinking about the oxygen’s behavior.

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Basic Energy Sciences, Bioscience, Biosciences, Protein, Proteins, proteins for cleanup, environmental cleanup, environmental remediation, Remediation, remediation of spills, Plutonium, heavy element, Actinide, actinides, Radioactivity, siderocalin, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences, PNAS, Geoscie

A Natural Fondness for Plutonium

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Once released into the environment, radioactive materials pose risks. Scientists found that a protein that binds radioactive elements, such as plutonium. This discovery could lead to new ways to clean a contaminated area.

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Bumblebee, neonicotinoids, imidacloprid

Neonicotinoid Pesticide Affects Foraging and Social Interaction in Bumblebees

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linked changes in social behavior with sublethal exposure to the neonicotinoid pesticide, imidacloprid.

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tornado formation, Climate Change, Weather, Storms

Large-Scale Tornado Outbreaks Increasing in Frequency, Study Finds

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The frequency of large-scale tornado outbreaks is increasing in the United States, particularly when it comes to the most extreme events, according to research recently published in Science.

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Changing Antarctic Waters Could Trigger Steep Rise in Sea Levels

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Current changes in the ocean around Antarctica are disturbingly close to conditions 14,000 years ago that led to the rapid melting of the Antarctic ice sheets and a three metre rise in global sea levels.

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Rick Relyea, Eric Siy, Harry Kolar, Jefferson Project, IBM, FUND for Lake George, Ecosystem, Environmental Monitoring, Big Data, Sensors, road salt, Pollution, Contamination, Freshwater, Wetlands, Zooplankton

Zooplankton Rapidly Evolve Tolerance to Road Salt

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A common species of zooplankton—the smallest animals in the freshwater food web—can evolve genetic tolerance to moderate levels of road salt in as little as two and a half months, according to new research published online today in the journal Environmental Pollution.

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Rocky Mountain Haze

University of Utah atmospheric scientist Gannet Hallar and colleagues find a correlation between the severity of drought in the Intermountain West and the summertime air quality, particularly the concentration of aerosol particles, in remote mountain wilderness regions.







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