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Science

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soil, Microbiome, Gene Sequencing

Teasing Out the Microbiome of the Kansas Prairie

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PNNL scientists have untangled a soil metagenome – all the genetic material recovered from a sample of soil – more fully than ever before, reconstructing portions of the genomes of 129 species of microbes. While it’s only a tiny proportion of the species in the sample, it’s a leap forward for scientists who have had only a fraction of that success to date.

Business

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Flood Risk, Coastal Management, Emergency Preparedness, biodiversity issues, coastal homeowners, mitigate risks

Start-Up Company Uses Novel Technology to Mitigate Risks From Sea-Level Rise, Flooding

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Coastal Risk Consulting, a new start-up company formed by an FAU professor, has developed novel technology to assist coastal homeowners, businesses, and government to evaluate and mitigate risks from encroaching seas along Florida’s southeast coast as well as other vulnerable areas in the United States and overseas.

Science

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climate change action, Earth Science

Keep a Lid on It: Utah State University Geologists Probe Geological Carbon Storage

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Effective carbon capture and storage or "CCS" in underground reservoirs is one possible way to meet ambitious climate change targets demanded by countries and international partnerships around the world. But are current technologies up to the task of securely and safely corralling buoyant carbon dioxide (CO2) for at least 10,000 years - the minimum time period required of most agreements?

Science

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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human preditor, behaviour science

Human ‘Super Predator’ More Terrifying Than Bears, Wolves and Dogs

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Bears, wolves and other large carnivores are frightening beasts but the fear they inspire in their prey pales in comparison to that caused by the human ‘super predator.’

Science

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Biodiversity, Biology, Ecology and Environment, freshwater ecology, marine and freshwater biology, Physiology, Population Biology, Zoology, veterinary science

Unusual New Zoantharian Species Is the First Described Solitary Species in Over 100 Years

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A very unusual new species of zoantharian surprised Drs Takuma Fujii and James Davis Reimer, affiliated with Kagoshima University and University of the Ryukyus.

Science

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Biodiversity, Biology, Climate Change, Ecology and Environment, Energy Sources, marine and freshwater biology, Oceanogaphy, Plant Science, policy and ethics

Policy Makers and Ecologists Must Develop a More Constructive Dialogue to Save the Planet

Dublin, Ireland, Tuesday July 19, 2016 - An international consensus demands human impacts on the environment "sustain", "maintain", "conserve", "protect", "safeguard", and "secure" it, keeping it within "safe ecological limits". But, a new Trinity College Dublin-led study that assembled an international team of environmental scientists shows that policy makers have little idea what these terms mean or how to connect them to a wealth of ecological data and ideas.

Science

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Earth Science, Geography, Forestry, Satellite Missions

Landsat -- the Watchman That Never Sleeps

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In western North America, mountain pine beetles infest and ravage thousands of acres of forest lands. Landsat satellites bear witness to the onslaught in a way that neither humans nor most other satellites can.

Science

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Earth Science, Geography, Geology & soil, Plate Techtonics

The Pains and Strains of a Continental Breakup

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Every now and then in Earth's history, a pair of continents draws close enough to form one. There comes a time, however, when they must inevitably part ways.

Science

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Birds, Animal Behavior, Ecology

Researchers Find More Aggressive Behavior in City Birds Than Rural Ones

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The researchers' observations shed light on the effects of human population expansion on wildlife.

Science

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Water, California, Los Angeles, Grass, TURF, Turfgrass, Evaporation, transpiration, Evapotranspiration, Santa Ana winds, Water Conservation

To Save Water on Lawns, Throw Some Shade

How much water does your lawn really need? A University of Utah study re-evaluated lawn watering recommendations by measuring water use by lawns in Los Angeles. The standard model of turfgrass water needs, they found, lacked precision in some common urban southern California conditions, like the Santa Ana winds, or in the shade.

Science

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Biodiveristy, Ecology and Environment, Evolution, Zoology

Scavenger Crows Provide Public Service, Research Shows

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Crows are performing a useful function and keeping our environment free from rotting carcasses, research carried out at the University of Exeter in Cornwall has discovered.

Science

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Climate Change, Earth Science, Nature, Oceanogaphy

Gulf Stream Slowdown to Spare Europe From Worst of Climate Change

Europe will be spared the worst economic impacts of climate change by a slowing down of the Gulf Stream, new research predicts.

Science

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Shepherd's Beaked Whales, Tasmacetus shepherdii

Researchers Reveal First Sightings of Rare Whales Off New Zealand Coast

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For the first time in New Zealand waters an extremely rare grouping of Shepherd's Beaked Whales has been spotted from a University of Otago research vessel off the coast of the city of Dunedin in the South Island.

Science

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Dam Good! Beavers May Restore Imperiled Streams, Fish Populations

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Utah State, Eco Logical Research, NOAA, Oregon Dept. of Fish and Wildlife, South Fork Research Publish in Nature's Scientific Reports.

Science

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Breeding Populations of White-Naped Cranes on Decline in Eastern Mongolian Stronghold

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A new study by WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) says that breeding populations of white-naped cranes have decreased by 60 percent in Ulz River basin – an important stronghold for the species in Eastern Mongolia.

Science

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Understanding Tourists’ Preferences for Nature-Based Experiences May Help with Conservation

Charismatic species—such as felines and primates or whales, sharks, and turtles—are attractive to tourists, and the opportunity of seeing them in the wild motivates tourists to visit protected areas. New research indicates that tourists’ preferences are not restricted to charismatic species, however, and they extend to less charismatic biodiversity, as well as to landscapes.

Science

Channels:

Climate Change, Valerian, Global Warming

Climate Change’s Effect on Rocky Mountain Plant Is Driven by Sex

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For the valerian plant, higher elevations in the Colorado Rocky Mountains are becoming much more co-ed. And the primary reason appears to be climate change.

Medicine

Science

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UGA Expert: Don’t Let Ticks Scare You

Science

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Climate Change, Earth Science, policy and ethics, Energy Sources, Science Health And The Law, atmosphere science

Boost Needed to Keep World Below 2°C or 1.5°C: Study

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The latest comprehensive analysis of national plans to address climate change after 2020 shows the world will not reach its target of keeping warming to below 2C off pre-industrial levels.

Science

Channels:

Nature, Methane, Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, Environment, Environmental Science, Microorganism, Microorganisms, Permafrost, thawing permafrost, University Of New Hampshire, Greenhouse Gas, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Biogeochemistry, Climate Change, University Of Arizona, Sweden, Global Warming, Global Warming

Microbial Community Dynamics Dominate Greenhouse Gas Production in Thawing Permafrost

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A single microbe dominated thawed permafrost sites, with its relative abundance strongly correlating with the magnitude and specific type of methane produced at any given site.







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