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Medicine

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air pollution and asthma, air pollution exposure, Childhood Asthma, stress during pregnancy, Lung Health, Fine Particulate Matter, fine particulate air pollution

High Levels of Prenatal Air Pollution Exposure and Stress Increase Childhood Asthma Risk

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A new study has found that children, especially boys, whose mothers were exposed to higher levels of outdoor particulate air pollution at the same time that they were very stressed were most likely to develop asthma by age six. The study was presented at the 2017 American Thoracic Society International Conference.

Medicine

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Oxygen, Lung Disease, oxygen services, home oxygen therapy, home oxygen users

Patients with Lung Disease Say Current Home Oxygen Delivery Systems Do Not Meet Their Needs, Increase Their Isolation

According to a new survey, patients with lung disease report that they are unable to obtain home oxygen equipment that meets their needs thereby forcing them to become isolated. The study was presented at the 2017 American Thoracic Society International Conference.

Medicine

Channels:

Asthma, Asthma Control, Corticosteroids, Lung Health, adult asthma, severe asthma, asthma exacerbations

Investigational Biologic Appears to Reduce Oral Corticosteroid Use in Severe Asthma

An investigational biologic may reduce the need for adults with severe asthma to take an oral corticosteroid to control their asthma, according to a randomized controlled trial presented at the ATS 2017 International Conference. Study findings are being reported simultaneously online, ahead of print in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Medicine

Channels:

Wheeze, childhood wheeze, acute respiratory infections, Lung Health, child lung health, Pediatrics, Infants

Viral Acute Respiratory Infections in Infants May Lead to Recurrent Childhood Wheezing Through Inducing Oxidative Stress

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Viral acute respiratory infections (ARIs) may lead to oxidative stress in some infants, and play a major role in the development of recurrent wheezing in early childhood, according to a new study presented at the 2017 American Thoracic Society International Conference. Oxidative stress is an imbalance between the production of free radicals (atoms that can cause cellular damage in the body) and the ability of the body to counteract their harmful effects through neutralization by antioxidants.

Science

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Asthma, Sensors, Nanotechnology, COPD, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Emphysema, Chronic Bronchitis, Health, Medicine, Graphene, Respiratory, Allergens, Allergies, CDC, Spirometry, biomarkers, Inflammation, Lungs, Rutgers, Rutgers University, Engineering, electrical and computer engineering, New Jersey, NJ, Technology

Graphene-Based Sensor Could Improve Evaluation, Diagnosis and Treatment of Asthma

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Rutgers University-New Brunswick scientists have created a graphene-based sensor that could lead to earlier detection of looming asthma attacks and improve the management of asthma and other respiratory diseases, preventing hospitalizations and deaths.

Medicine

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Addiction, tobacco products, Carcinogens, Public Health, Pediatric and adolescent medicine, Smoking, vaping, Behavior, Cancer, Pulmonology

National Study Looks at Tobacco Advertising and Susceptibility to Use Tobacco Among Youth

Among 12- to 17-year-olds who have never used tobacco products, nearly half were considered receptive to tobacco marketing if they were able to recall or liked at least one advertisement, report researchers at University of California San Diego Moores Cancer Center and Dartmouth’s Norris Cotton Cancer Center, in a new national study. Receptivity to tobacco ads is associated with an increased susceptibility to smoking cigarettes in the future.

Medicine

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Air Pollution, Sleep, Lung Function, fine particle pollution, traffic-related pollutant gas, Lung Health

Air Pollution May Disrupt Sleep

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High levels of air pollution over time may get in the way of a good night’s sleep, according to new research presented at the ATS 2017 International Conference. “Prior studies have shown that air pollution impacts heart health and affects breathing and lung function, but less is known about whether air pollution affects sleep,” said lead author Martha E. Billings, MD, MSc, assistant professor of medicine at the University of Washington. “We thought an effect was likely given that air pollution causes upper airway irritation, swelling and congestion, and may also affect the central nervous system and brain areas that control breathing patterns and sleep.”

Medicine

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Pneumonia, Antibiotic Therapy, Community Acquired Pneumonia, Infectious Desease, Critical Illness, l, Respiratory Disease

Antibiotic Therapy for Nearly One in Four Adults with Pneumonia Does Not Work

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Approximately one in four (22.1 percent) adults prescribed an antibiotic in an outpatient setting (such as a doctor’s office) for community-acquired pneumonia does not respond to treatment, according to a new study presented at the 2017 American Thoracic Society International Conference.

Medicine

Channels:

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (Ipf), Lung Health, Immune System, Pulmonary Function

Two Biomarkers Appear to Predict Course of IPF

Two T cell biomarkers appear to predict the survival trajectory of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a lung disease that has a varied, but ultimately devastating, impact on patients, according to new research presented at the ATS 2017 International Conference.

Medicine

Channels:

School Aged Kids, Asthma, asthma treatment, medication compliance, Asthma Control

School Supervision of Asthma Meds May Not Improve Asthma Control

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Supervising the use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in elementary school children with asthma may not improve asthma symptoms, prevent school absences or reduce health care use, according to new research presented at the ATS 2017 International Conference.







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