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Science

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atmosphere science, Space And Planetary Science, Weather, Storms

'Space Tsunami' Causes the Third Van Allen Belt

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Earth's magnetosphere, the region of space dominated by Earth's magnetic field, protects our planet from the harsh battering of the solar wind. Like a protective shield, the magnetosphere absorbs and deflects plasma from the solar wind which originates from the Sun. When conditions are right, beautiful dancing auroral displays are generated. But when the solar wind is most violent, extreme space weather storms can create intense radiation in the Van Allen belts and drive electrical currents which can damage terrestrial electrical power grids. Earth could then be at risk for up to trillions of dollars of damage.

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Where Were You Born? Origin Matters for Species Interactions

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An oft-quoted proverb says it takes a village to raise a child, and new research from ecologists at LSU and Rice University suggests that a similar concept may be at work in natural ecosystems. The research, which appears in this week’s Early Edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, finds that the early life experiences of individual animals can have wide-reaching impacts on entire species.

Science

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climate connectivity, Climate Change, climate corridor

Eastern U.S. Needs “Connectivity” to Help Species Escape Climate Change

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For plants and animals fleeing rising temperatures, varying precipitation patterns and other effects of climate change, the eastern United States will need improved “climate connectivity” for these species to have a better shot at survival.

Science

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Earth Science, Geography

New Research Reveals Secrets of Former Subglacial Lakes in North America

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Researchers at the University of Sheffield have provided a unique glimpse into one of the least understood environments on Earth by revealing for the first time former subglacial lakes and their drainage routes beneath the North American ice sheets.

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Camouflage Influences Life-and-Death Decisions That Animals Make

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Nesting birds time their escape from an approaching predator depending on how well camouflaged their eggs and their own bodies are, researchers from the University of Exeter and the University of Cambridge have discovered.

Science

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Arctic amplification, Melting Ice, Greenland, Greenland Ice , Greenland ice melt, Greenland Ice Sheet, Nature Communications, University of Georgia

Study Finds Link Between 2015 Melting Greenland Ice, Faster Arctic Warming

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A new study provides the first evidence that links melting ice in Greenland to a phenomenon known as Arctic amplification—faster warming of the Arctic compared to the rest of the Northern Hemisphere as sea ice disappears.

Science

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Biochemistry, Biology, Ecology, Evolution, Marine Biology, freshwater biology, Zoology, veterinary science

New Research Shines Light on Surprising Numbers and Evolutionary Variety of Bioluminescent Ocean Fish

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A study appearing in the journal PLOS ONE this week shows that bioluminescence -- the production of light from a living organism -- is more widespread among marine fishes than previously understood.

Science

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Biodiversity, Wildlife Conservation, Citizen Science, Camera Traps, mammal populations, Recreation, Hiking, Hunting

Hiking, Hunting Has Minor Effects on Mammals in Protected Eastern Forests

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Overall impact of recreation on wildlife was minor compared with factors such as large undisturbed forest habitat and local housing density.

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New Cheap Method of Surveying Landscapes Can Capture Environmental Change

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Cheap cameras on drones can be used to measure environmental change which affects billions of people around the world, new research from the University of Exeter shows.

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Two New Frog Species; An Expert on Snake Bites; Kodiak Bears Tracking Salmon Runs, and More in the Ecology and Animals Channel

Click here to go directly to the Ecology and Animals News Source

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Finding the Real Treasure of the Incas: Two New Frog Species From an Unexplored Region

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Inaccessibility and mysticism surrounding the mist-veiled mountains of the central Andes make this region promising to hide treasures. With an area of 2197 km2, most of the Llanganates National Park, Ecuador, is nearly unreachable and is traversed only by foot. However, fieldwork conducted by researchers from the Museo de Zoología at Catholic University of Ecuador resulted in the discovery of a more real and tangible gem: biodiversity.

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Termites: Asexual Succession Strategy

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A study led by the Laboratory Evolutionary Biology and Ecology of the Université libre de Bruxelles published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, shows that the humivorous French Guianan termite Cavitermes tuberosus routinely practice asexual queen succession (parthenogenesis).

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Kodiak Bears Track Salmon Runs in Alaska

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A University of Montana graduate student's research on Alaskan brown bears and red salmon is the May cover story of the high-profile journal Ecology.

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Evolution Painted Onto Butterfly Wings

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Using a reverse paint-by-numbers approach, scientists have located another gene that controls the brilliant patterning of Heliconius butterfly wings. Led by former Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) fellow Nicole Nadeau, the researchers identified variations in the gene that correspond to wing color and pattern variation in three different Heliconius species.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Great Outdoors Month, June, Nature and religion, Nature and Spirituality, Congregations

Mother Nature and the Spiritual Side: Can Lovely Weather and Scenery Make a Difference?

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June is national Great Outdoors Month, and that may have religious implications as people spend more time outside — in particular if they live in or visit an area with beautiful weather and scenery. U.S. counties with more pleasant weather and such attractions as mountains and waterfronts also have lower rates of affiliation with religious organizations, according to a Baylor University study.

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Kansas State University, KSU, K-State, John Briggs, Tallgrass, Prairie, prairie fire, Flint Hills, Ecosystem, Grassland, Prescribed burns, Ecology

Ecologists Advise an Increase in Prescribed Grassland Burning to Maintain Ecosystem, Livelihood

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At least 50 percent of the tallgrass prairie in the Flint Hills is burned every three to four years or less frequently and is susceptible to becoming shrubland if fire frequencies are not increased.

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Remains of Bizarre Group of Extinct Snail-Eating Australian Marsupials Discovered

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Fossil remains of a previously unknown family of carnivorous Australian marsupials that lived 15 million years ago have been discovered at the Riversleigh World Heritage Fossil Site in north-western Queensland by a UNSW Australia-led team of researchers.

Science

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Climate Change, Climate Model, Wasatch, UTAH, Precipitation, SKI, Water Resources

Spring Snow a No-Go?

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Spring snowpack, relied on by ski resorts and water managers throughout the Western United States, may be more vulnerable to a warming climate in coming decades, according to a new University of Utah study.

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Is Aging Inevitable? Not Necessarily for Sea Urchins

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Study shows that sea urchins defy aging, regardless of lifespan.

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New Research Confirms Continued, Unabated and Large-Scale Amphibian Declines

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New U.S. Geological Survey-led research suggests that even though amphibians are severely declining worldwide, there is no smoking gun - and thus no simple solution - to halting or reversing these declines.







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