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Medicine

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Endothelial Cells, Huntington’s disease, Blood Vessels

Basis of ‘Leaky’ Brain Blood Vessels in Huntington’s Disease Identified

By using induced pluripotent stem cells to create endothelial cells that line blood vessels in the brain for the first time for a neurodegenerative disease, University of California, Irvine neurobiologists and colleagues have learned why Huntington’s disease patients have defects in the blood-brain barrier that contribute to the symptoms of this fatal disorder.

Science

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Plants, Plant Science, Soil Science, Biology

Plants Call 911 to Help Their Neighbors

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A University of Delaware professor teamed with a local high school student on research that found injured plants will send out warning signals to neighboring plants. The signals are sent through airborne chemicals released mainly from leaves, and plants that received them boosted their defenses.

Science

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Regeneration, Macrophage, Tissue Regeneration, African spiny mouse, Immune Cells, scar tissue, University Of Kentucky, human regenerative medicine

UK Researchers Identify Macrophages as Key Factor for Regeneration in Mammals

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The team’s findings, published today in eLife, shed light on how immune cells might be harnessed to someday help stimulate tissue regeneration in humans.

Medicine

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Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Inflammatory Signature , Role of NKT and CD8 T-cells , Obesity, Natural Killer T cells

Inflammatory Signature of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

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A team of investigators led by Rohit Kohli, MBBS, MS, of Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, has identified key inflammatory cells involved in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Medicine

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Stem Cells, Diseases, Pharmaceuticals, Brain, Neurological Deficits, Thyroid Hormone

Patient’s cells used to replicate dire developmental condition

A team of scientists from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Cedars-Sinai in Los Angeles have used the cells of AHDS patients to recreate not only the disease, but a mimic of the patient’s blood-brain barrier in the laboratory dish using induced pluripotent stem cell technology.

Science

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UF-Developed Mandarin Shows Increased Tolerance to Greening

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UF/IFAS researchers have discovered that a mandarin hybrid developed by colleagues contains cellular activity – known as metabolites -- that makes it more able to fend off greening than most other types of citrus.

Medicine

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lung, Lung Cancer, Tumor

Prototype Drug Uses Novel Mechanism to treat Lung Cancers

Lung cancer tumors were prevented in mice by a novel small molecule that directly activates a tumor suppressor protein.

Science

Life

Law and Public Policy

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New York Seascape, Sage Grouse Survival, Princess Pheromone, and More in the Wildlife News Source

The latest research and features on ecology and wildlife.

Science

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Plant Diversity, plant evolution, Genetics, Plant Genetics, bladderwort, pitcher plant, venus fly trap, Genomics, Genome, DNA, RNA, Protein

A Carnivorous Plant’s Prized Genetic Treasures, Unveiled

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The carnivorous humped bladderwort plant, Utricularia gibba, is a sophisticated predator. It uses vacuum pressure to suck prey into tiny traps at speeds less than a millisecond. A new genomic analysis shows that, over millions of years, it repeatedly retained and enhanced genetic material associated with its carnivorous nature. These include genes that facilitate the trapping of prey, the digestion of proteins, and the transport of small bits of protein from one cell to another.

Medicine

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Cancer, Dr. Christian Baum, Basal Cell Carcinoma, cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, Dermatology, Rochester Epidemiology Project, non-melanoma skin cancer

Skin Cancer on the Rise

New diagnoses for two types of skin cancer increased in recent years, according to a Mayo Clinic-led team of researchers.







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