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Medicine

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An Alternative to Opioids? Compound From Marine Snail Is Potent Pain Reliever

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A tiny snail may offer an alternative to opioids for pain relief. Scientists at the University of Utah have found a compound that blocks pain by targeting a pathway not associated with opioids. Research in rodents indicates that the benefits continue long after the compound have cleared the body.

Science

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Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, hydraulic fluids, Hydraulic Fracturing, hydraulic fracturing fluids, Fluids, Microbes, Microorganism, Microorganisms, Sustainability, Nature Microbiology, Microbiology, Emsl, Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Environmental Science, Ecosystem, ecosystem health, JGI, Join

Hydraulic Fluids Hospitable for Microbes

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For the first time, scientists analyzed the genetic material of surface microbes that are colonizing the deep subsurface, where they are adapting and thriving.

Science

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Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, Advanced Scientific Computing Research, Nature, Nature (magazine), Peptides, Proteins, Protein, protein analysis, Drug Design, drug, Drugs, hyperstable constrained peptides, Peptide, peptide drugs, Computational Methods, custom drugs, Seattle Structural Genomics Center for Infect

Unlocking Peptide Potential

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Powerful new computational methods now enable scientists to design a virtually unlimited variety of hyperstable peptide structures not found in nature. This research opens a new frontier in drug discovery.

Science

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Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, Environmental Science, Environmental Research, Carbon, soil, soil carbon, soil carbon storage, Soil Science, soil sciences, Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Dioxide, carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon dioxide capture, Carbon dioxide conversion, Science, Science (magazine), Radiocarbo

Soil Will Absorb Less Atmospheric Carbon Than Expected This Century

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Some global models underestimate the mean age of soil carbon. This underestimation results in an overestimation of soil’s carbon sequestration potential.

Science

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Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, Emsl, JGI, Joint Genome Institute, Proceedings Of The Natinal Academy Of Sciences, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, Biogeochemistry, Geochemistry, Oceans, Oxygen, Oxygen Deprivation, Oxygen Minimum, Genetics, Enviroment, Environmental Science, Environmental Resear

Mighty Microbes Roil Oceans

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New model reveals the significant role of microbes in oceanic nutrient and energy cycling. The results of this work significantly improve the crude models of microbial activity in important oceanic zones and provide holistic insights into how microbes drive nutrient and energy flow.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Texas Politics Project, University Of Texas At Austin, Texas Politics Poll, Texas Tribune, Government, Donald J. Trump

UT/TT Poll: Support for Trump Increases, Divisiveness Remains

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In the first public statewide poll since Donald Trump was inaugurated as the 45th president of the United States, 46 percent of Texas voters approve of the job he is doing as president, and 44 percent disapprove. Texas voters’ opinions of President Trump have improved since he took office, though nearly half of Texans still think the country is headed in the wrong direction, according to the latest University of Texas/Texas Tribune Poll.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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police shooting, Race

More Black Police Won't Result in Fewer Police-Involved Homicides of Black Citizens

Hiring more black police officers is not a viable strategy for reducing police-involved homicides of black citizens in most cities, according to new Indiana University research that is the first in-depth study of this increasingly urgent public policy question.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Mindfulness, Meditation, yoga, Aging, Psychology

Mindfulness Shows Promise as We Age, but Study Results Are Mixed

As mindfulness practices rise in popularity and evidence of their worth continues to accumulate, those who work with aging populations are looking to use the techniques to boost cognitive, emotional and physiological health. But studies so far have shown mixed results in the elderly.

Science

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Why Are There Different 'Flavors' of Iron Around the Solar System?

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New work shows that interactions between iron and nickel under the extreme pressures and temperatures similar to a planetary interior can help scientists understand the period in our Solar System's youth when planets were forming and their cores were created.

Medicine

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Biomarker, African-Americans, triple-negative breast cancer, Prognosis, National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health

Biomarker Predicts Poor Prognosis in African-Americans with Triple-Negative Breast Cancer, Study Finds

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Having high levels of a certain biomarker is linked to poor prognosis in African-American patients with triple-negative breast cancer, while the same biomarker doesn’t influence disease outcomes in white patients, according to a new study.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Differences in the Rhetorical Styles of Candidates in the 2016 US Presidential Election

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A new paper published in Digital Scholarship in the Humanities reveals and quantifies dramatic differences in the speaking styles of candidates in the 2016 United States presidential election.

Science

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Warming Ponds Could Accelerate Climate Change

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Rising temperatures could accelerate climate change by reducing the amount of carbon dioxide stored in ponds and increasing the methane they release, new research shows.

Medicine

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Suicide Attempts, Suicide Awareness and Prevention, Teenage suicide, same-sex marriage, Sexual Orientation

Same-Sex Marriage Legalization Linked to Reduction in Suicide Attempts Among High School Students

The implementation of state laws legalizing same-sex marriage was associated with a significant reduction in the rate of suicide attempts among high school students – and an even greater reduction among gay, lesbian and bisexual adolescents, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

Medicine

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short-term memory, Rutishauser, Mamelak, Memory Disorders

Cedars-Sinai Investigators Identify Human Brain Processes Critical to Short-Term Memory

Cedars-Sinai neuroscientists have uncovered processes involved in how the human brain creates and maintains short-term memories. This study is the first clear demonstration of precisely how human brain cells work to create and recall short-term memories. Confirmation of this process and the specific brain regions involved is a critical step in developing meaningful treatments for memory disorders that affect millions of Americans.

Medicine

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Meningiomas, Brain Cancer, Yale Cancer Center

What Turns Benign Central Nervous System Tumors Deadly

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In a new study, Yale researchers identified genetic abnormalities that mark atypical meningiomas, which have a 40% chance of recurring after surgical removal and are marked by a shorter survival rate than benign tumors.

Science

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Meteors, photoacoustic effect

Origin of Spooky Meteor Noises Reappraised by Sandia Researchers

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Sound travels more slowly than light. Then why do sounds of meteors entering earth's atmosphere precede or accompany the sight of them? Sandia researchers believe they have an answer.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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British history, Jonathan Clark

Brexit Chaos Has Brought on Politicized Judiciary in Britain, Historian Says

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Jonathan Clark, University of Kansas distinguished professor of history, discusses the historical context of constitutional issues surrounding the Brexit and the politicization of Britain's Supreme Court.

Medicine

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Cancer, math, Math Anxiety, Numeracy

Decision-Making Suffers When Cancer Patients Avoid Math

Many of the toughest decisions faced by cancer patients involve knowing how to use numbers -- calculating risks, evaluating treatment options and figuring odds of medication side effects. But for patients who aren’t good at math, decision science research can offer evidence-based advice on how to assess numeric information and ask the right questions to make informed choices.

Medicine

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gut microbiota, Microbiome, Malaria, Plasmodium

UofL Researcher Receives $2.6 Million From NIH to Determine How Gut Microbiota Protect Against Malaria

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Nathan Schmidt, Ph.D., has shown that microbes in the gut of mice can affect the severity of illness suffered from infection with Plasmodium, the parasite that causes malaria. He now begins research to determine which microbiota protect the host and to learn more about the mechanism behind that protection.

Science

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genes, agriculture and climate change, climate change adaptation

Maize Study Finds Genes That Help Crops Adapt to Change

A new study analyzed close to 4,500 maize varieties to identify more than 1,000 genes driving large-scale adaptation to the environment.







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