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Medicine

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infectious diseas, Infectious Diseases, George Washington University, experts available, Ebola, Ebola Virus, Ebola Virus Outbreak, zika, zika virus, H1N1, H1N1 infection

GW Experts Available to Comment on Infectious Diseases

Medicine

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Vaccine, Leishmaniasis, zika virus, parasitic infections, neglected diseases, CRISPR-Cas9, Global Public Health, Tropical Disease

First Ever Vaccine for Deadly Parasitic Infection May Help Prevent Another Global Outbreak

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As the threat of the Zika virus rips through the Americas and news headlines, another more deadly tropical disease is also on the move: Leishmaniasis is a parasitic infection that currently endangers an estimated 350 million people around the world. By combining two decades of research, ancient tribal medicine and the latest in gene editing technology – a team of scientists is creating what could be the first ever live-attenuated vaccine to prevent Leishmaniasis both here and abroad.

Medicine

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Acute Lung Injury, Infectious Diseases, Cancer Therapy, Perinatal, Premature Babies, Premature Birth, Pneumonia, flu, Ebola, pharmacologic compound, Science Signaling, Science (magazine)

Scientists Propose Treatment for Severe Lung Diseases

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Researchers are developing a new drug to treat life-threatening lung damage and breathing problems in people with severe infections like pneumonia, those undergoing certain cancer treatments and premature infants with underdeveloped, injury prone lungs. Scientists at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center report April 19 in Science Signaling the compound is based on their finding that a transcription factor called FOXF1 activates several biological processes that promote recovery from acute lung injury.

Medicine

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zika virus, zika, Ebola, hackathon, Biomedical Engineering, Design

Mapping City Hotspots for Zika Mosquito, ‘Never Will Bite’ Soap Among Winning Ideas at Johns Hopkins Hackathon

Mapping a city to detect Zika mosquito hotspots. Fashion accessories infused with a long-acting mosquito repellant. A special soap that keeps mosquitos away. Those are among the winning ideas from a Johns Hopkins University hackathon that drew participants from Baltimore to Brazil looking for ways to help prevent the spread of the Zika virus.

Medicine

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Bioterroism, Anthrax Exposure, Terrorism, Infectious Desease, Emergency Medicine, Ebola epidemic, zika virus, contagious disease, communicable disease, Outbreak, outbreak detection, outbreak prevention

Identifying Threats Before They Spread

If an infectious disease outbreak or an attack using an agent such as anthrax were to occur in Chicago, it most likely first will be noticed in emergency rooms throughout the city. Swift identification of the cause of an incoming patients’ illness could be crucial to public health and safety personnel being able to intervene in time to save lives.

Science

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Malaria, Ebola, Mosquito Borne Disease, detection capability, Disease Detection, Sandia National Laboratories, National Insitutes of Health, Virus Detection, West Nile, West Nile Virus, Chikungunya virus, Lassa virus, analytical chemistry

Lighting Up Disease-Carrying Mosquitoes

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Robert Meagher, a chemical engineer at Sandia National Laboratories, has developed a simple technique for simultaneously detecting RNA from West Nile and chikungunya virus in samples from mosquitoes. He is now working to add the ability to screen for Zika virus.

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zika, Ebola

West Africa, Ebola and the Threat of Zika

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Rapid testing for the Zika virus is a critical need in the recent Ebola-affected countries of Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea, says a Georgetown University professor, because of the recent Zika outbreak on nearby Cape Verde and the similarity in symptoms between Zika and early Ebola.

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SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Ebola, Science, Biological Science, structural molecular biology, X-ray science, X-ray Crystallogaphy, SSRL, Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, lightsource

X-Ray Studies at SLAC and Berkeley Lab Aid Search for Ebola Cure

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In experiments carried out partly at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, scientists have determined in atomic detail how a potential drug molecule fits into and blocks a channel in cell membranes that Ebola and related “filoviruses” need to infect victims’ cells.

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Pandemic, Ebola, Ebola outbreak, Epidemic

Lessons From a Pandemic

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When a diamond miner named Sahr arrived at the Ebola treatment unit in Kenema, Sierra Leone, in December 2014, he saw red fences surrounding the area where people with suspected and confirmed cases of the disease were to be treated and he panicked. The colorful barricades reminded him of the horror he experienced in 1996 as a child soldier in Sierra Leone’s civil war, when rebel fighters attached red cloths to their guns during live battles.

Medicine

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Ebola, Virus, Brain, long-term, Infectious Disease, American Academy Of Neurology, Annual Meeting

Most Ebola Survivors Examined in Study Experienced Brain Symptoms Six Months After Infection

Most of the 82 Ebola survivors in a new study from the world’s largest Ebola outbreak had brain symptoms more than six months after the initial infection. The preliminary results will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology’s 68th Annual Meeting in Vancouver, Canada, April 15 to 21, 2016. The study is part of the larger Prevail III study, which follows patients with prior Ebola virus disease and their close contacts who serve as study controls.







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