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Science

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Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, mBio, Emsl, Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Bacterial Protein, Proteomics, actinobacterial glycoside hydrolase, Enzymes, enzymes for biofuels, Biofuel, Biofuels, Biofuel Production, Proteins, Enzyme, FICUS, Facilities Integrating Collaborations for User Science, Lawr

Bacteria’s Secret Weapon

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Scientists showed that an enzyme, from the bacterial glycoside hydrolase family 12, plays an unexpectedly important role in breaking down a crystalline form of cellulose. Breaking down cellulose is a major challenge in developing more efficient strategies for creating biofuels.

Science

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How Much Drought Can a Forest Take?

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Aerial tree mortality surveys show patterns of tree death during extreme drought.

Science

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Animals Retain Long-Term Memory of the Biggest and Best Sources of Food

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New research shows that red-footed tortoises can remember the location of their favourite food sources and the biggest stashes for at least 18 months.

Medicine

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thirdhand smoke, smoke exposure, Enviornmental Health, Public Health

Thirdhand Smoke Affects Weight, Blood Cell Development in Mice

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A new Berkeley Lab-led study found that the sticky residue left behind by tobacco smoke led to changes in weight and blood cell count in mice. These latest findings add to a growing body of evidence that thirdhand smoke exposure may be harmful.

Science

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brittle ice, West Antarctica Ice Sheet Divide Ice Core project, SDSU Ice Core and Environmental Chemistry Lab, National Science Foundation (NSF)

Lab Specializes in Analyzing Brittle Portion of Polar Ice Cores

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Tiny air bubbles compressed within a polar ice core make some sections brittle to the touch, but one ice core lab knows how to handle this delicate part of the chemical analysis, thus making the dating of the entire ice core possible.

Science

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SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Uranium, Groundwater, groundwater contaminants, Mining, Environmental Science, X-ray science, SSRL, Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, lightsource, Spectroscopy

SLAC Study Helps Explain Why Uranium Persists in Groundwater at Former Mining Sites

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A recent study led by scientists at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory helps describe how uranium cycles through the environment at former uranium mining sites and why it can be difficult to remove.

Life

Education

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Wake Forest University Names Former EPA Official to Lead Graduate Programs in Sustainability

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Wake Forest University has appointed alumnus and former Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) official Stan Meiburg (’75) as director of graduate programs in sustainability. Meiburg served as Acting Deputy Administrator for the EPA from 2014 to 2017, capping a 39-year career with the agency.

Science

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corrosion research, Photovoltaic

Sandia Battling Corrosion to Keep Solar Panels Humming

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Sandia National Laboratories researchers study corrosion to help industry develop longer-lasting photovoltaic panels and increase reliability.

Science

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soil, Sand Dunes, Colorado, National Park Service, Erosion

Earth, Wind…and Sand Dunes

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When do erosion and rebuilding of soil equate with outdoor beauty? The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) February 1 Soils Matter blog post explains how the wind and water forces at Colorado’s Great Sand Dunes National Park work in a constant cycle of erosion and rebuilding.

Science

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Global Warming, Climate Change, Satellite Data, NASA, NOAA, UAH, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Temperature, Climatology, Meteorology, earth system science

Tropics Cool in January; Globe Doesn’t

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Global Temperature Report: January 2017

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Coastal Wetlands Excel at Storing Carbon

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New analysis supports mangrove forests, tidal marshes and seagrass meadows as effective climate buffers.

Medicine

Science

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Cocktail of Bacteria-Killing Viruses Prevents Cholera Infection in Animal Models

Oral administration of a cocktail of three viruses, all of which specifically kill cholera bacteria, protects against infection and prevents cholera-like symptoms in animal model experiments. The findings are the first to demonstrate the efficacy of a preventative, oral phage therapy.

Science

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Biomaterials, Bioeconomy, Forest, Michigan Tech, Michigan Technological University, Forestry, Terry Sharik, Mark Rudnicki

Building Up Biomaterials: Michigan Tech Researchers Lead Forest Bioeconomy Conference

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What do furniture makers, the auto industry and foresters all have in common? A need for innovation in Michigan forest biomaterials. The Michigan Forest Bioeconomy Conference, held Feb. 1 and 2 at Grand Valley State University in Grand Rapids, explores opportunities in wood innovation, construction, and recycling.

Science

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Critically Endangered Species, Monkeys, Conservation, Remote Sensing, Remote Camera, Central Africa, Congo Basin, Anthropology, Primatology, Extinction, Lomami National Park, Kate Detwiler

FAU First to Video Newly Discovered Population of Monkeys Believed to be Nearing Extinction

Using remote sensing cameras and sound recorders, FAU scientists are the first to capture rare video footage of a newly discovered population of critically endangered monkeys in one of the most remote regions in the world. First discovered in 1932 and thought to inhabit only one location on the planet in Central Africa, this elusive monkey was believed to be nearing extinction due to its small population size and unregulated hunting.

Science

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oil, Gas, oil production, Greenhouse Gases, Climate Change, Global Warming, Methane, ethane, short-lived greenhouse gases, Climate, Atmosphere, Geology, Earth Science, Environment, Shale, shale gas, oil shale, Russia, USA

Oil Production Releases More Methane Than Previously Thought

Emissions of methane and ethane from oil production have been substantially higher than previously estimated, particularly before 2005.

Science

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East China Sea, algal blooms, factory emissions, Katherine Mackey

Increasing Factory and Auto Emissions Disrupt Natural Cycle in East China Sea

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China’s rapid ascent to global economic superpower is taking a toll on some of its ancient ways. For millennia, people have patterned their lives and diets around the vast fisheries of the East China Sea, but now those waters are increasingly threatened by human-caused, harmful algal blooms that choke off vital fish populations.

Science

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Bird Flu, Migration patterns, H5N8, Poultry

Migrating Birds May Bring Bird Flu to North America

Colin Parrish, John M. Olin Professor of Virology at the Baker Institute for Animal Health in Cornell University’s College of Veterinary Medicine, an expert on influenza viruses and the spread of the virus in animals, says the highly pathogenic influenza strain currently infecting wild birds and domestic poultry in several European countries could be transmitted to birds in North America as migratory flyways of some European and North American wild bird species overlap in the northern reaches of Canada.

Science

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UNH Research Finds White Mountain National Forest Home to Nearly 140 Species of Bees

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The White Mountain National Forest is home to nearly 140 species of native bees, including two species of native bumble bees that are in decline in the Northeast, according to researchers with the University of New Hampshire who recently completed the first assessment of the state’s native bee population in the national forest.

Science

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Biomimetics, Biomimetic, Cottonwood, Iowa State University, Electricity, Wind Energy

Iowa State University Scientists Design Electricity Generator That Mimics Trees

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ISU researchers have built a prototype biomimetic tree that generates electricity when wind blows through its artificial leaves. The researchers think such technology may help people charge household appliances without the need for large wind turbines.

Science

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Four with UF/IFAS Ties to Be Inducted Into Florida Agricultural Hall of Fame

Each was born and raised on a Florida farm, and each has made outstanding contributions to Florida’s agriculture industry and mentored future leaders in the field.







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