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Medicine

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Electroacupuncture, Acupuncture, Stem Cells, MSC, Mscs, Pain Management, Hypothalamus, Nervous System, Adult Stem Cells, Alternative Medicine

Electroacupuncture Releases Stem Cells to Relieve Pain, Promote Tissue Repair, Study Finds

A new study published in the journal Stem Cells demonstrates how electroacupuncture triggers a neurological mechanism that can help promote tissue repair and relieve injury-induced pain. The findings provide the most comprehensive picture yet of how electroacupuncture stimulates the brain to facilitate the release of stem cells and adds new insight relating to the cells’ healing properties.

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Science

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Autism, Blood Test, Big Data, Juergen Hahn, Rensselaer, test, Metabolites, methionine cycle, transulferation pathway

A Blood Test for Autism

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An algorithm based on levels of metabolites found in a blood sample can accurately predict whether a child is on the Autism spectrum of disorder (ASD), based upon a recent study.

Medicine

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Biomarker, liquid biopsy, Nsclc, non-small cell lung cancer, Circulating Tumor Cells, Lung Cancer, Thoracic, Radiation Therapy, Radiotherapy, Cancer, Astro, ASCO, sts, Multidisciplinary Thoracic Cancers Symposium

Biomarker Blood Test Shows Cancer Recurrence Months Before CT Scans

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Results from a prospective clinical trial showed that a blood test looking at specific biomarkers was able to detect recurrences of lung cancer an average of six months before conventional imaging methods found evidence of recurrence.

Medicine

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Daniela Cihakova, mice, Heart Failure, Eosinophils, Brain, Inflammation, Myocarditis

Rare Type of Immune Cell Responsible for Progression of Heart Inflammation to Heart Failure in Mice

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A new study in mice reveals that eosinophils, a type of disease-fighting white blood cell, appear to be at least partly responsible for the progression of heart muscle inflammation to heart failure in mice.

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Brain-Aging Gene Discovered

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Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center have discovered a common genetic variant that greatly affects normal brain aging in older adults. The discovery may point toward new targets for preventing or treating age-associated brain disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease.

Medicine

Science

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Stem Cells, Schwann Cells, Neuron, Neurology, Parkinson Disease, Brain, neural crest cells, Chemical Engineering, biological engineering, smooth muscle cells, Melanocytes, Genetic Modification, genes, Genetics

From Skin to Brain: Stem Cells Without Genetic Modification

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A discovery, several years in the making, by University at Buffalo researchers proves that adult skin cells can be converted into neural crest cells (a type of stem cell) without any genetic modification, and that these stem cells can yield other cells that are present in the spinal cord and the brain. The applications could be significant, from studying genetic diseases in a dish to generating possible regenerative cures from the patient’s own cells.

Medicine

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Disease in a dish, Neurology, Anorexia, Psychiatry, Pediatric and adolescent medicine, Stem Cells, Autism, Genetics

Researchers Create Model of Anorexia Nervosa Using Stem Cells

An international research team, led by scientists at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, has created the first cellular model of anorexia nervosa (AN), reprogramming induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived from adolescent females with the eating disorder.

Medicine

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eye and vision, photoreceptor cells

NIH-Funded Scientists Deploy CRISPR to Preserve Photoreceptors in Mice

Silencing a gene called Nrl in mice prevents the loss of cells from degenerative diseases of the retina, according to a new study. The findings could lead to novel therapies for preventing vision loss from human diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa. The study was conducted by researchers at the National Eye Institute (NEI), part of the National Institutes of Health, and was published online today in Nature Communications.

Medicine

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Aging, Nutrition, nutrition and aging, Geriatric, Geriatric Medicine, Stem Cells, intestinal stem cell, IN, rese, Cell Reports, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Wnt Protein, Wnt Signaling, news, press release, Pediatrics, Science

Study Identifies Molecular Clues for Age-Related Intestinal Issues

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Intestinal stem cells rejuvenate daily so bowels will stay healthy and function normally, but a new study in Cell Reports suggests they also age along with people and lose their regenerative capacity. Reporting their data online March 14, researchers suggest that reactivating the signaling of a key molecule lost in aging intestinal stem cells could restore healthy intestinal function in older people.

Medicine

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La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology, T Cells, Cancer Research, LJI

The Molecular Underpinnings of T Cell Exhaustion

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One reason we survive into adulthood is that cell-killing T cells usually recognize and eliminate cancerous or pathogen-infected cells. But prolonged overactivity of immune cells summoned to a tumor or infection site can render them useless to dispatch invaders, a cellular state immunologists call "exhaustion." Fortunately, cancer researchers are devising effective immunotherapies to counter exhaustion and re-motivate immune cells to eradicate a patient's tumor







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