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Medicine

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Heparin, Clots, Blood Clots, Aspirin, Trauma, Death, Fracture

Largest-Ever Study to Compare Medications to Prevent Life-Threatening Clots in Orthopaedic Trauma Patients

Every year in the United States, thousands of high-risk fracture patients who have been admitted to trauma centers will suffer life-threatening blood clots related to the fracture. To reduce this risk, doctors have prescribed low molecular weight heparin. But some researchers argue that aspirin may be just as effective. A comprehensive new study will try to resolve this question.

Medicine

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Hypertension, Sprint, Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial, High Blood Pressure

Lowering Systolic Blood Pressure Would Save More Than 100,000 Lives Per Year, Study Finds

Intensive treatment to lower systolic (top number) blood pressure to below 120 would save more than 100,000 lives per year in the United States. Two thirds of the lives saved would be men and two thirds would be aged 75 or older.

Medicine

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bone marrow transtplant, be the match registry, Leukemia, Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, All

Leukemia Patient Meets Bone Marrow Donor Who Saved His Life

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Leukemia survivor Michael Beltrame, a 42-year-old father of three, owes his life to a complete stranger who altruistically donated bone marrow cells for Mr. Beltrame’s successful bone marrow transplant. Mr. Beltrame met his donor for the first time during Loyola Medicine’s annual Bone Marrow Transplant Celebration.

Medicine

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Aravinda Chakravarti, Chakravarti, Ehret, Blood Pressure, Genome

New Studies Double Number of Known Sites in Genome Linked to High Blood Pressure

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Several large international groups of researchers report data that more than doubles the number of sites in the human genome tied to blood pressure regulation. One of the studies, by Johns Hopkins University scientists in collaboration with many other groups, turned up unexpected hints that biochemical signals controlling blood pressure may spring from within cells that line blood vessels themselves.

Science

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Meningitis, Children's Hospital Oakland, Meningitis Vaccine

CHORI Study Reveals Potential Improvements for Effectiveness of Meningococcal Vaccines

A study conducted by UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute (CHORI) scientists shows greatly improved protective antibody responses to a new mutant vaccine antigen for prevention of disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis - also known as meningococcus - that has the potential to improve the current vaccines for meningitis.

Medicine

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Hemoglobin screening, smartphone apps

HemaApp screens for anemia, blood conditions without needle sticks

UW engineers have developed HemaApp, which uses a smartphone camera and other lighting sources to estimate hemoglobin concentrations and screen for anemia without sticking patients with needles.

Medicine

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Nosebleed, bloody nose, Hemorrhagic Teangiectasia, HHT

Simple Saline Spray Could Be As Effective As Drug Therapy for Treating Chronic Nosebleeds

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Squirting a simple saline solution into the nose twice a day could alleviate chronic nosebleeds just as effectively as spraying with any one of three different medications, reports a study led by Kevin Whitehead, M.D., F.A.H.A., at the University of Utah School of Medicine and published online in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). The research highlights that there could be benefit to even the simplest of interventions.

Medicine

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Nasal Sprays Not Effective in Reducing Duration, Frequency of Nosebleeds Caused by Blood Vessel Disorder

Two studies appearing in the September 6 issue of JAMA examine the effectiveness of nasal sprays to reduce the frequency and duration of nosebleeds caused by hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia.

Medicine

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Blood Sugar, Diabetes Complications, diabetes treatment, Endocrinology, evidence based med, Glycemic Control, Medical Research, Minnesota News Release, news release, re, Type 2 Diabetes

Tight Focus on Blood Sugar Narrows Options for Diabetes Complications

ROCHESTER, Minn. – The glucocentric focus on lowering blood sugar in Type 2 diabetes may have short-circuited development of new diabetes therapies, according to a new paper published by Mayo Clinic researchers in the journal Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

Medicine

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Cholera, blood type

Study May Explain Why People with Type O Blood More Likely to Die of Cholera

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People with blood type O get sicker from cholera than people of other blood types. Researchers from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that cholera toxin activates a key molecule more strongly in people with blood type O than type A, possibly worsening symptoms.

Medicine

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Atheroclerosis, Cardiovascular Disease, High Blood Pressure, Amyloid Beta, Alzheimer's, Dementia, Physiology

Stiff Arteries Linked with Memory Problems, Mouse Study Suggests

Using a new mouse model, researchers have found that stiffer arteries can also negatively affect memory and other critical brain processes. The findings, which may eventually reveal how arterial stiffness leads to Alzheimer’s and other diseases involving dementia, will be presented at the American Physiological Society’s Inflammation, Immunity and Cardiovascular Disease conference.

Medicine

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Cancer, Obesity, Cancer Risk, Cancer Risk Reduction, Stomach Cancer, Liver Cancer, gall bladder cancer, Pancreas Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Meningioma, Thyroid Cancer, Multiple Myeloma, Excess Weight, Overweight

Excess weight linked to 8 more cancer types

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There’s yet another reason to maintain a healthy weight as we age. An international team of researchers has identified eight additional types of cancer linked to excess weight and obesity: stomach, liver, gall bladder, pancreas, ovary, meningioma (a type of brain tumor), thyroid cancer and the blood cancer multiple myeloma.

Medicine

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Sickle Cell Disease, Blood Disorders, nurse navigator, pediatric blood disorders, Rutgers University, New Jersey

Helping Children with Blood Disorders ‘Navigate’ Their Care

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Thanks to a two-year, $70,000 commitment from Embrace Kids Foundation, the Comprehensive Sickle Cell Center housed at Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey is expanding to include a Pediatric Sickle Cell and Hemoglobinopathies Nurse Navigator position.

Medicine

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Quadriplegic, tendon transfer

Surgery Restores Hand and Elbow Function in Quadriplegics

A surgery for quadriplegics called tendon transfer can significantly improve hand and elbow function, but the procedure is greatly underused, according to an article in the journal Hand Clinics.

Science

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Chemistry/Physics/Materials Sciences, Medicine/Health (Critical Care/Emergency Medicine; Sports Medicine [Trauma/Injury])

Nanoparticles That Speed Blood Clotting May Someday Save Lives

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Whether severe trauma occurs on the battlefield or the highway, saving lives often comes down to stopping the bleeding as quickly as possible. Many methods for controlling external bleeding exist, but at this point, only surgery can halt blood loss inside the body from injury to internal organs. Now, researchers have developed nanoparticles that congregate wherever injury occurs in the body to help it form blood clots, and they’ve validated these particles in test tubes and in vivo.

Medicine

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Vasculitis, Vasculitis Foundation, Autoimmune, Autoimmune Disease, VF, Kate Kinney, Monroe Clinic, ranulomatosis with polyangiitis, GPA, Joyce Kullman

Medical Professional Diagnoses Rare Disease; Receives the Vasculitis Foundation’s 2016 VF-RED Award

Monroe Clinic hospitalist, Kate Kinney, is one of three medical professionals to earn the 2016 Vasculitis Foundation V-RED Award honoring her early diagnosis of a rare, autoimmune vasculitis disease. Kinney and her team's early identification of the illness allowed the patient to begin critical treatment before any further organ damage could occur.

Medicine

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Cancer, Medicine & Health

Leukaemia Blood Testing Has 'Massive Potential'

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Researchers at The University of Manchester have unlocked the potential of a new test which could revolutionise the way doctors diagnose and monitor a common childhood Leukaemia.

Science

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Mechanosensing, Blood Clotting, force measurement, Platelet

How Mechanical Force Triggers Blood Clotting at the Molecular Scale

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Using a unique single-molecule force measurement tool, a research team has developed a clearer understanding of how platelets sense the mechanical forces they encounter during bleeding to initiate the cascading process that leads to blood clotting.

Medicine

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Stephen P. Juraschek, Stephen Juraschek, Diet, Blood Pressure, gout

Blood Pressure Diet Improves Gout Blood Marker

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A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy and reduced in fats and saturated fats (the DASH diet), designed decades ago to reduce high blood pressure, also appears to significantly lower uric acid, the causative agent of gout. Further, the effect was so strong in some participants that it was nearly comparable to that achieved with drugs specifically prescribed to treat gout, a new study led by Johns Hopkins researchers shows.

Medicine

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Fitness, Healthy Lifestyle, Exercise, Movement, Stairs, Walking, Stretching, health benefits of exercise

Tips to Get Moving During the Workday

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If you spend hours commuting to work and sitting at your desk all day, recent studies about the health hazards of too much sitting probably have hit home. Here are some tips to incorporate movement into your work day.







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