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Science

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Lithium Batteries, Electrolytes, Materials Science, Energy, Composite, Battery

Freezing Lithium Batteries May Make Them Safer and Bendable

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Columbia Engineering Professor Yuan Yang has developed a new method that could lead to lithium batteries that are safer, have longer battery life, and are bendable, providing new possibilities such as flexible smartphones. His new technique uses ice-templating to control the structure of the solid electrolyte for lithium batteries that are used in portable electronics, electric vehicles, and grid-level energy storage. The study is published online April 24 in Nano Letters.

Science

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Climate Change, Delta, Coast, Mississippi River, Marshes

Research Sheds New Light on Forces That Threaten Sensitive Coastlines

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Wind-driven expansion of marsh ponds on the Mississippi River Delta is a significant factor in the loss of crucial land in the Delta region, according to research by scientists at Indiana University and North Carolina State University. The study found that 17 percent of land loss in the area resulted from pond expansion.

Science

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Asteroid, Asteroids, Tsunami, Shockwaves, Meteors, heat deaths

Study Highlights Deadliest Effects of Hypothetical Asteroid Strike

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Violent winds and shockwaves would account for more than 60 per cent of lives lost if an asteroid were to hit the Earth, according to a new University of Southampton-led study.

Medicine

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Conservation Not an Effective Tool for Reducing Infectious Disease in People, Study Finds

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Improved human health is not a benefit of conservation ― at least when health is measured through the lens of infectious disease. That's the main finding of a paper published April 24 in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, which analyzed the relationship between infectious diseases and their environmental, demographic and economic drivers in dozens of countries over 20 years

Medicine

Science

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Cancer, Breast And Ovarian Cancer, Breast Cancer, Colon Cancer, Liver Cancer, Cancer Drug, G-Protein-coupled receptors, Pediatric Cancer

Cancer Research Advances: 5 Leads for Better Diagnosis and Treatment

Featured research includes a non-invasive new screening approach for breast cancer, leads for drug discovery and insights on a cancer-protective diet.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Facebook, Arab spring, Social Media, government corruption, Freedom Of The Press

Facebook plays vital role in reducing government corruption, researchers find

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A Virginia Tech economics researcher says the popular social media website – and its open sharing of information – is a vital and often a significant tool against government corruption in countries where press freedom is curbed or banned.

Science

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Materials Science, Supercomputer, Physical Sciences & Engineering, Argonne Leadership Computing Facility, Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM), complex oxides, Nanoscience, materials simulation & theory, Mathematics, computing, & computer science, Modeling, simulation, & visualization, Synchrotron Radiation, X-ray scattering & detection

New Study Reveals the Mystery Behind the Formation of Hollowed Nanoparticles During Metal Oxidation

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In a newly published Science paper, Argonne and Temple University researchers reveal new knowledge about the behavior of metal nanoparticles when they undergo oxidation, by integrating X-ray imaging and computer modeling and simulation. This knowledge adds to our understanding of fundamental processes like oxidation and corrosion.

Science

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Antibiotics, antiobiotic resistance, Physical Chemistry, Biochemistry, Biomechanics, Biology, Bacteriology, Drug Resistant Bacteria

Atomic-Level Motion May Drive Bacteria’s Ability to Evade Immune System Defenses, Finds Study

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A study from Indiana University published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences has found evidence that extremely small changes in how atoms move in bacterial proteins can play a big role in how these microorganisms function and evolve.

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Malaria

Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute Awarded Seven-Year Grant

The Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute (JHMRI) at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health has been awarded a seven-year grant worth up to $10 million over seven years from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases to accelerate the control and elimination of malaria.

Science

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4P1000, Paris Climate Agreement, soil carbon storage, Bruce Hungate, Northern Arizona University, Jan Willem van Groenigen, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change , UNFCC

Soil Carbon Sequestration Goals of Paris Climate Agreement Are Unrealistic, Say Scientists

The Paris Climate Agreement soil carbon sequestration goals are unrealistic, according to scientists from The Netherlands, The United Kingdom and the United States in an opinion piece in the journal Environmental Science and Technology.







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