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Science

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Lethal Aggression, Chimpanzee, Senegal

Chimps’ Behavior Following Death Disturbing to ISU Anthropologist

Shocking is one word Jill Pruetz uses to describe the behavior she witnessed after a chimp was killed at her research site in Senegal. The fact that chimps would kill a member of their own community is extremely rare, but the abuse that followed was completely unexpected.

Science

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boxer crabs, Crabs, anenomes

Boxer Crabs Acquire Anemones by Stealing From Each Other, and Splitting Them Into Clones

Researchers have described a little known yet fascinating aspect of the behavior of Lybia crabs, a species which holds sea anemones in each of its claws (behavior which has earnt it the nickname ‘boxer’ or ‘pom-pom’ crab). In a series of experiments, they showed that when these crabs need an anemone, they will fight to steal one from another crab and then both crabs will split their anemone into two, creating identical clones.

Science

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Lost in Translation: Traffic Noise Disrupts Communication Between Species

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Research by scientists at the University of Bristol has found that man-made noise can hinder the response of animals to the warning signals given by other species, putting them at greater risk of death from predators.

Science

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Precambrian, Iron Oxide, Iron Formation, Ocean Sediments, Halevy

"Green Rust" in the Early Ocean?

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How were the Earth’s solid deposits of iron ore created? Dr. Itay Halevy suggests that, billions of years ago, “green rust” formed in seawater and sank to the ocean bed, becoming an original source of banded iron formations. While this would have been just one means of iron deposition, green rust seems to have delivered a large proportion of iron to our early ocean.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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YFEL Members Gain Insights from Global Sustainability Leaders

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UAE Higher Education Minister Dr. Belhoul and Laurene Powell-Jobs Urge Youth and Students to Remain Proactive on Sustainable Causes

Science

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Biology, Evolution, Biodiversity, Genetics, Species

Genomic Tools for Species Discovery Inflate Estimates of Species Numbers, U-Michigan Biologists Contend

Increasingly popular techniques that infer species boundaries in animals and plants solely by analyzing genetic differences are flawed and can lead to inflated diversity estimates, according to a new study from two University of Michigan evolutionary biologists.

Science

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Vitamin B12, Microbial Communities

Vitamin B12: Power Broker to the Microbes

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In the microbial world, vitamin B12 is a hot commodity. It turns out that vitamin B12, a substance produced by only a few organisms but needed by nearly all of them, wields great power in microbial communities – ubiquitous structures that affect energy and food production, the environment, and human health.

Science

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Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, Joint Genome Institute, Nature Communication, Nature Communications, Nature, microbial genomics, microbial genetics, Microbes, Microorganism, Microorganisms, subsurface science, Biogeochemistry, Aquifer, Aquifers, Water Quality, Genetics, Genomics, Lawrence Berkeley National Labor

A New World Discovered Underground

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One of the most detailed genetic studies of any ecosystem to date has uncovered incredible biological diversity among subsurface bacteria. This research has nearly doubled the number of known bacterial groups.

Science

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Kansas State University, K-State, KSU, Kansas State, Blue Ribbon, Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense, Biodefense, agrodefense, Biosecurity, National Bio and Ago-defense Facility, NBAF, Silicon Valley, Bioterrorism

Kansas State University Is the 'Silicon Valley for Biodefense,' According to Blue Ribbon Study Panel

When the Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense visited Kansas State University for a series of agrodefense discussions, the university cemented its status as a national leader in animal health, biosciences and food safety research.

Science

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Researcher Finds Limited Sign of Soil Adaptation to Climate Warming

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While scientists and policy experts debate the impacts of global warming, the Earth’s soil is releasing roughly nine times more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere than all human activities combined. This huge carbon flux from soil, which is due to the natural respiration of soil microbes and plant roots, begs one of the central questions in climate change science. As the global climate warms, will soil respiration rates increase, adding even more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere and accelerating climate change?

Science

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Environment, Conservation, Water, Watershed, Wildlife Conservation, Endanged Species, Southeast U.S.

Study Identifies the Southeast’s Most Diverse and Imperiled Waterways

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After more than a year of data collection, analysis and mapping, the University of Georgia River Basin Center and the Tennessee Aquarium Conservation Institute recently published a comprehensive survey of Southeastern watersheds and the diverse aquatic wildlife that live in these freshwater ecosystems.

Science

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World Heritage Sites Getting Hammered by Human Activities

A new study warns that more than 100 natural World Heritage sites are being severely damaged by encroaching human activities.

Science

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Sea-level rise, glacier sliding, Climate Change, ice physics, Glaciology

Iowa State Scientist Receives Grants to Improve Glacier-Flow Models, Sea-Level Predictions

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Iowa State's Neal Iverson is working with an international team on two projects that aim to build more realistic computer models of glacier flow. The researchers hope to understand how glaciers will speed up and add to sea-level rise as the climate warms.

Science

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Meltwater, Climate, Ice Sheet, Ocean current

Scientists Unravel the Process of Meltwater in Ocean Depths

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An international team of researchers has discovered why fresh water, melted from Antarctic ice sheets, is often detected below the surface of the ocean, rather than rising to the top above denser seawater.

Science

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Water, Clean Water, Natural Disaster, Solar Power, solar still, Climate Change, draught, Saltwater, Sahara, potable water, Evaporation

Move Over Bear Grylls! Academics Build Ultimate Solar-Powered Water Purifier

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You’ve seen Bear Grylls turn foul water into drinking water with little more than sunlight and plastic. Academics added a third element — carbon-dipped paper — to create a highly efficient and inexpensive way to turn saltwater and contaminated water into potable water for personal use. The system could help address global drinking water shortages, especially in developing areas and regions affected by natural disasters.

Science

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Space Weather, Space, satelites, Radiation, GPS

First-Ever GPS Data Release to Boost Space-Weather Science

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Today, more than 16 years of space-weather data is publicly available for the first time in history. The data comes from space-weather sensors developed by Los Alamos National Laboratory on board the nation’s Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites.

Science

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UF/IFAS Citrus REC Starts Centennial Celebration

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Nearly a century ago, a group of Polk County citrus growers raised about $14,000 to buy land for a research station. Now, the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences will celebrate the 100th anniversary of the UF/IFAS Citrus Research and Education Center.

Science

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Great White Shark , Great Hammerhead Shark, Cornell University, Nova Southeastern University, The College of Veterinary Medicine at Cornell University, Save our Seas Shark Research Center, Save Our Seas Foundation, NSU Guy Harvey Research Institute, Mahmood Shivji, Michael Stanhope

Sharks Show Novel Changes in Their Immune Cancer-Related Genes

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Research scientists at Nova Southeastern University (NSU) have been studying the genetics of great white and great hammerhead sharks, and their work brings us a few steps closer to understanding – from a genetic sense – why sharks exhibit some characteristics that are highly desirable by humans (specifically, rapid wound healing and possible higher resistance to cancers.)

Science

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Alternative Fuels, Earth Day

WVU’s Alternative Fuels Program Joins Efforts with Earth Day TX to Conduct Odyssey Kickoff Event and Alternative Fuel Vehicle Summit

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Earth Day Texas will host the kickoff as part of an inaugural one-day alternative fuel vehicle summit, coordinated by the NAFTC.

Science

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Mercury, Methylmercury, Environment, fish consumption advisories, Bioaccumulation, fish, Shellfish, Coastal, Coastal Waters, Ecosystems, Climate Change, Climate, Global Warming, Zooplankton, Weather, Runoff, Stormwater, stormwater runoff, Research, Science, marine food chain , Precipitation, Plants, Animals, Bacteria, Public Health, World Health Organization, U.S. E

Toxic Mercury in Aquatic Life Could Spike with Greater Land Runoff

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A highly toxic form of mercury could jump by 300 to 600 percent in zooplankton – tiny animals at the base of the marine food chain – if land runoff increases by 15 to 30 percent, according to a new study. And such an increase is possible due to climate change, according to the pioneering study by Rutgers University and other scientists published today in Science Advances.







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