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smart cities, Cities, Environment, Urban, Hurricane Sandy, Renewable, green infrastructure, Sustainability, Disasters, malicious attacks, Engineering, Wireless, electrical and computer engineering, Rutgers, Rutgers University, RU, New Jersey, human-computer interaction, National Science Foundation, Psychology, cognitive psychology, Behavior, Infrastructure, Crit

Future ‘Smart Cities’ Should be Super-Connected, Green and Resilient

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When Superstorm Sandy lashed New Jersey in 2012, Narayan B. Mandayam lost power in his East Brunswick home for five days. Sandy sparked the Rutgers professor’s interest in helping to engineer smart cities, where everything is connected; renewable energy, green infrastructure and sustainability reign; and resilience after breakdowns, disasters and malicious attacks is critical.

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University of Birmingham Researchers Discover New Ancient Tombs

Archaeologists from the University of Birmingham have found “compelling evidence” of new pharaonic tombs at Qubbet el-Hawa in Aswan, Egypt’s Ministry of Antiquities has revealed.

Science

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DOE Office of Science, Atmospheric & climate research, atmosphere science, Climate Research

For Critical Marine Low Clouds, a Research and Observation Plan

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Marine low clouds hover in the lowest couple of kilometers above the world’s oceans. They produce little but drizzle, and could never match their deeper mid-continent cousin clouds for dramatic weather and severe storms. But marine low clouds are vastly important to the world’s climate and energy balance.

Science

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Firefly Gift-Giving: Composition of ‘Nuptial Gifts’ Revealed, Shedding Light on Postmating Sexual Selection

New research at Tufts University, in collaboration with MIT scientists, reveals the molecular composition of firefly "nuptial gifts", offering the first peek into the content of these special packages and shedding new light on post-mating sexual selection. The findings were published today in Scientific Reports.

Science

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Evolution, Earth Science, Earth Science (Hydrology/Water Resources, Oceanography), earth and planetary sciences, exoplanetary atmospheres, exoplanetary oceans, Cyanobacteria, Photosynthesis, Animal, Shale, Phosphorus, fe, iron, Nutrient, Proterozoic Eon, Chris Reinhard, Noah Planavsky, Georgia Insitute of Technology, Yale University

A Fertilizer Dearth Foiled Animal Evolution for Eons?

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Earth was inhospitable to complex life for billions of years, suffocating evolution in a nearly oxygen-free environment. Then came a shift in phosphorus concentrations to ocean shallows, and shortly after it, complex life exploded.

Science

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CHRISTMAS IN THE CONGO: New Protected Area to Conserve Unique Species Declared in the Democratic Republic of Congo

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The Kabobo Natural Reserve in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), one of Africa’s most biodiverse sites, had its boundaries formally approved today by the Provincial Governor of Tanganyika Province – a critical step in establishing and ensuring the effective protection of this important site.

Science

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Cowpeas, crop breeding, Genome, black-eyed peas, Food Security

A Library for Food Security

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Researchers are uncovering the genome of cowpeas, also known as black-eyed peas, in response to challenging growing conditions and the need for food security.

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Top Los Alamos Science Stories of 2016

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From discoveries on Mars to breakthroughs in cancer and solar cell research, as well as shedding new light on the nature of plutonium, Los Alamos National Laboratory’s 2016 accomplishments highlighted the Lab’s unique capabilities for carrying out its essential national security mission in a broad range of disciplines.

Medicine

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spider silk, Engineering, North Dakota State University, Medical Treatments, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Animal Science, Medical Laboratory Science

Research Experience Gives NDSU Student Confidence, Career Options

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A team of North Dakota State University students and faculty are researching ways to use spider silk for medical treatments.

Science

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Salamanders, Evolution, Conservation, Dispersal

Salamanders Brave Miles of Threatening Terrain for the Right Sex Partner

Most salamanders are homebodies when it comes to mating. But some of the beasts hit the road, traversing miles of rugged terrain unfit for an amphibian in pursuit of a partner from a far-away wetland. (With video of a salamander on a treadmill.)

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Artic Ocean, Drilling, Atlantic Ocean, President Obama

U Law Professor Available to Comment on President Obama's Ban on Arctic Offshore Drilling

Science

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Water Quality Research, Environmental Engineering, chromium-6

Cleaning Chromium From Drinking Water

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A team led by an engineer at Washington University in St. Louis found a novel approach to neutralize a cancer-causing chemical in drinking water.

Science

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2016’s Top 10 UF/IFAS Extension Publications Cover Snakes, Avocados, Vegetable Gardening, More

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Faculty at the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences write Extension documents that bring top-notch, science-based information to the public for free. Topics cover myriad issues from reptiles to rivers and from crops to food safety. These documents are found on a website, www.edis.ifas.ufl.edu.

Science

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Greenland glacier, Melting Ice, climage change, Sea Level Changes

Leaky Plumbing Impedes Greenland Ice Sheet Flow

Surface meltwater that drains to the bed of the Greenland Ice Sheet each summer causes changes in ice flow that cannot be fully explained by prevailing theories.

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Neutron Diffraction Probes Forms of Carbon Dioxide in Extreme Environments

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Through a Deep Carbon Observatory collaboration, Adam Makhluf of the University of California, Los Angeles’s Earth, Space and Planetary Science Department and Chris Tulk of Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s Chemical and Engineering Materials Division are using neutrons to study the fundamental role carbon dioxide plays in Earth’s carbon cycle, especially in the composition of carbon reservoirs in the deep earth and the evolution of the carbon cycle over time.

Science

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Sea Turtles, Loggerhead Turtles, Leatherback Turtles, green turtles, Halmos College of Natural Sciences and Oceanography, broward county, Environmental Planning and Community Resilience Division, Derek Burkholder Ph.D., Stephanie Kedzuf, Nova Southeastern University

2016 a Record Season for Broward County Sea Turtle Conservation Program

More sea turtles laid eggs on Broward's beaches than ever before - thanks to increased awareness and education

Science

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Biochemistry, Neutron Science, Aquatic Ecology, Marine Biology, Crystallography, Materials Science, Neutron diffraction, Fisheries Aquaculture

Biology and Neutrons Collide to Unlock Secrets of Fish Ear Bones

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Scientific discovery can come from anywhere, but few researchers can say the answers to their questions would come from the pea-sized bones in the head of a six-foot-long, 200-pound prehistoric freshwater fish.

Science

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Climate Change, Climate Resiliency, climate vulnerability, climate readiness

Study to Assess Climate Resiliency of More Than 250 US Cities

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The University of Notre Dame’s Global Adaptation Initiative has announced it will assess the climate vulnerability and readiness of every U.S. city with a population over 100,000.

Science

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Great Lakes, PHCZs

Chemicals of 'Emerging Concern' Mapped in 3 Great Lakes

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For the first time, researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have mapped the location of thousands of tons of polyhalogenated carbazoles in the sediment of the Great Lakes and estimated their amount.

Science

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Agriculture, ARPA-E

Berkeley Lab Awarded $4.6 Million for Transformational Agriculture Technologies

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ARPA-E has awarded Berkeley Lab $4.6 million for two projects to “see” into the soil and ultimately develop crops that take carbon out of the atmosphere. One technology aims to use electrical current to image the root system. The other will use neutron scattering to measure the distribution of carbon and other elements in the soil.







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