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Respiratory Diseases and Disorders

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Medicine

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Tobacco, Tobacco Exposure, respiratory ailments, Secondhand Smoke, thirdhand smoke, airway abnormalities, Tobacco Control, BMJ, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Emergency Medicine, pediatrcs, press release distribution

Kids’ Hands May Be a Source of Significant Nicotine Exposure

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Children may carry significant levels of nicotine on their hands just by coming into contact with items or surfaces contaminated with tobacco smoke residues, even when no one is actively smoking around them at the time. A study in Tobacco Control also reports the presence of significant nicotine on the hands of children was associated with equally significant levels of the harmful tobacco metabolite cotinine in saliva.

Medicine

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Lung Function, ARDS, Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Anxiety, PTSD, Depression, Lungs, Pulmonary, psychiatric disorder, psychiatric morbidity

Predicting — and Preventing — Psychiatric Morbidity After ARDS

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A new study, published in Annals of the American Thoracic Society, examined symptoms of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder in long-term survivors of ARDS and any associated changes in cortisol levels in the patients.

Medicine

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Inhaled Corticosteroids, Body Mass Index, Women, Metabolic Syndrome, ENDO 2017, Endocrine Society, Endocrinology, Asthma, Obesity

Inhaled Corticosteroids May Raise Women’s Risk of the Metabolic Syndrome

Use of inhaled corticosteroids in women is associated with a higher body mass index (BMI) and an increased prevalence of the metabolic syndrome, which is a cluster of risk factors for type 2 diabetes and heart disease, researchers have found. Results from a large Dutch study will be presented Sunday at the Endocrine Society’s 99th annual meeting in Orlando, Fla.

Medicine

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Thyroid Hormone Levels, Atherosclerosis, Thyroid Function, Endocrinology, Subclinical Atherosclerosis, Thyroid, Cardiovascular And Respiratory Disease, Endocrine Society, ENDO 2017

People with Higher Thyroid Hormone Levels May Be at Greater Risk for Atherosclerosis

Middle-aged and elderly people with higher free thyroxine levels may be more likely to develop atherosclerotic diseases, new research from the Netherlands reports. The results of the study will be presented Sunday, April 2, at ENDO 2017, the annual meeting of the Endocrine Society, in Orlando, Fla.

Medicine

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Pneumonia, Bacteriology, Infections, hospital-acquired infections, Bacterial Pneumonia, Disease Spread, Infectious Diseases, Epidemiology, University of Virginia School of Medicine, UVA School of Medicine, UVA, University Of Virginia, Borna Mehrad, Pulmonary Disease, Lungs, Bacterial Infections, Bacteria, Bacterium, Sepsis, Medical Research, medical discovery

Discovery May Help Patients Beat Deadly Pneumonia

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Researchers have identified a hormone that helps prevent the spread of bacterial pneumonia through the body, and that discovery may offer a simple way to help vulnerable patients.

Medicine

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Asthma, Airway Resistance, Respiratory System, Lung Health, Offspring Health, Maternal Diet, high-fat diet, Inflammation, Pregnancy Diet

High-Fat Diet During Pregnancy Compromises Offspring’s Lung Health

Women who follow a high-fat diet during pregnancy may increase their children’s risk for asthma. A mouse study by Oregon Health and Science University researchers suggests that consistent consumption of fat-laden foods may change the immune response of the offsprings’ respiratory system.

Medicine

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Tree nut allergy, Peanut Allergy, oral food challenge, Acaai, Allergist

Are Tree Nut Allergies Diagnosed Too Often?

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A new study in Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology shows shows that about 50 percent of those who thought they were allergic to all tree nuts were able to pass an oral food challenge without a reaction.

Medicine

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Tuberculosis, TB, Tuberculosis research

Tuberculosis: The Disease of Antiquity

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Medicine

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UCLA, UCLA health, Allergies, World Health Organization, Pollution, Childhood Asthma, Childhood Asthma Research and Education (CARE) , Environmental Allergy

When Air Pollution Is Bad, Know How to Protect Yourself

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There are steps we can take to protect ourselves and our families from air pollution, which has well-documented negative consequences for childhood asthma, birth outcomes, pregnancy risks, cardiovascular health, and other diseases.

Medicine

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Lung Cancer, intensity modulated proton therapy, IMPT, MD Anderson Cancer Center

Advanced Form of Proton Therapy Shows Promise for Treating Lung Cancer Recurrence

An advanced form of image-guided radiation therapy, known as intensity modulated proton therapy (IMPT), has shown early promise for the treatment of recurrent lung cancer, according to new research from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.







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