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Medicine

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Aging, cellular metabolism, Endocrinology

Mayo Clinic Discovers High-Intensity Aerobic Training Can Reverse Aging Processes in Adults

Everyone knows that exercise is good for you, but what type of training helps most, especially when you’re older - say over 65? A Mayo Clinic study says it’s high-intensity aerobic exercise, which can reverse some cellular aspects of aging. The findings appear in Cell Metabolism.

Medicine

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Cancer, Oral Cancer, Oral Health, Head And Neck Cancer, Squamos Cell Carcinoma, Tumors, tumors mice, Cancer Stem Cells

Targeting Cancer Stem Cells Improves Treatment Effectiveness and Prevents Metastasis

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Targeting cancer stem cells may be a more effective way to overcome cancer resistance and prevent the spread of squamous cell carcinoma — the most common head and neck cancer and the second-most common skin cancer, according to a new study by cancer researchers at the UCLA School of Dentistry. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma is a highly invasive form of cancer and frequently spreads to the cervical lymph nodes.

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Improving the ER, Opioids and Surgery, Colds in Transplant Patients, Hearing Aids, and More in the Healthcare News Source

The latest research, features and announcements in healthcare in the Healthcare News Source

Medicine

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Sickle Cell, Kidney Failure

Sickle Cell Gene Linked to Elevated Risk of Developing Kidney Failure

• Sickle cell trait, a common hemoglobin variant in African Americans, was associated with a twofold higher risk of developing kidney failure requiring dialysis. • Sickle cell trait conferred a similar degree of risk as APOL1 gene variants, which are currently the most widely recognized genetic contributors to kidney disease in blacks.

Medicine

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REGARDS, REGARDS study, Sickle Cell, sickle cell trait, Sickle Cell Research, sickle cell disease organ failure, Kidney Failure, Dialysis, dialysis blood tests, Public Health

Sickle Cell Gene Linked to Elevated Risk of Kidney Failure in UAB Study

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New data from the REGARDS study show that blacks with the sickle cell trait are more likely to develop kidney failure requiring dialysis.

Medicine

Science

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Joel Bader, Yeast, Genome, Chromosomes, DNA, Sc2.0

First Fully Artificial Yeast Genome Has Been Designed

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Working as part of an international research consortium, a multidisciplinary team at The Johns Hopkins University has completed the design phase for a fully synthetic yeast genome.

Medicine

Science

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eye, Retina, Regeneration, Zebrafish model, Muller glia cells, stem cell activation, GABA

Fish Eyes May Hold Key to Regenerating Human Retinas

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Research into retinal regeneration in zebrafish has identified a signal that appears to trigger the self-repair process, raising the possibility that human retinas can also be induced to regenerate, naturally repairing damage caused by degenerative retinal diseases and injury, including age-related macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa.

Science

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Cell Biology, Molecular Biology, phase separation, Hydrogels, Alzheimer's Disease, Parkinson's Disease

Molecules Form Gels to Help Cells Sense and Respond to Stress

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A specific protein inside cells senses threatening changes in its environment, such as heat or starvation, and triggers an adaptive response to help the cell continue to function and grow under stressful conditions, according to a new study by scientists from the University of Chicago.

Medicine

Science

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Richard Huganir, Memory, mice, protein , Recycling, Cells, Receptors, brain

Protein Called GRASP1 Is Needed to Strengthen Brain Circuits

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Learning and memory depend on cells' ability to strengthen and weaken circuits in the brain. Now, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine report that a protein involved in recycling other cell proteins plays an important role in this process.

Medicine

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GABA, Photoreceptor, Vision, Zebrafish

NIH-Funded Study Helps Explain How Zebrafish Recover From Blinding Injuries

Researchers at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee have discovered that in zebrafish, decreased levels of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) cue the retina, the light-sensing tissue in the back of the eye, to produce stem cells. The finding sheds light on how the zebrafish regenerates its retina after injury and informs efforts to restore vision in people who are blind.







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