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Medicine

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Cancer, Kidney Cancer, Bladder Cancer, Epidemiology, Inactivity, Sedentary Lifestyle, Cancer and Exercise, Cancer Risk

Sedentary Lifestyle Appears to Increase Risk for Both Kidney and Bladder Cancer

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A new study led by researchers at Roswell Park Cancer Institute establishes a connection between a sedentary lifestyle and risk of developing kidney or bladder cancer.

Medicine

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Brain Mapping, Brain Surgery, Epilepsy Surgery, electrode grid, conductive polymer

New Brain Mapping Tool Produces Higher Resolution Data During Brain Surgery

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Researchers have developed a new device to map the brain during surgery and distinguish between healthy and diseased tissues. The device provides higher resolution neural readings than existing tools used in the clinic and could enable doctors to perform safer, more precise brain surgeries.

Life

Arts and Humanities

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Anthropology, Archaeology, PERU, South America, Pleistocene, Holocene, Early Americans, Ice Age

Northern Coast of Peru Was a Hospitable Rest Stop for Early Americans

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An exceptionally well-preserved site in northern Peru suggests that early Americans migrating south along the Pacific coast may not have always moved as quickly as we thought--instead, they may have stopped and "settled in for a good long while" along the way.

Medicine

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Microbiome, Hospital microbiome, microbial diversity

Yearlong Survey Tracks the Microbiome of a Newly Opened Hospital

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A 12-month study mapping bacterial diversity within a hospital — with a focus on the flow of microbes between patients, staff and surfaces — should help hospitals worldwide better understand how to encourage beneficial microbial interactions and decrease potentially harmful contact. The Hospital Microbiome Project is the single biggest microbiome analysis of a hospital performed, and one of the largest microbiome studies ever.

Science

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Anthroplogy, New World, Ancient Civilizations, Excavation, PERU, Huaca Prieta, Artifacts, Basketry, Complex Society, Pleistocene, Early Holocene, Early Human Life, Archeology

Leading Archaeologist Involved in Groundbreaking Discovery of Early Human Life in Ancient Peru

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A-tisket, A-tasket. You can tell a lot from a basket. Especially if it’s from ancient ruins of a civilization inhabited by humans 15,000 years ago. An archaeologist is among the team that made a groundbreaking discovery in coastal Peru – home to one of the earliest pyramids in South America. Thousands of artifacts, including elaborate hand-woven baskets, show that early humans in that region were a lot more advanced than originally thought and had very complex social networks.

Medicine

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Three Types of Work Stress Increasing in the U.S., According to SUNY Downstate Researchers

Two stressful work characteristics, low job control and “job strain” – that is, high-demand, low-control work – have been increasing in the U.S. since 2002. The findings may explain why declines in cardiovascular disease and related mortality have slowed. Researchers also found an increase in "work-family conflict."

Science

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Biology, Cell Biology, Molecular Biology, Medicine & Health, Metabolic Diseases, Type 2 Diabetes, Pharmaceucticals, new drug discovery

Scientists Capture the First cryo-EM Images of Cellular Target for Type 2 Diabetes in Action

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Researchers at the University of Michigan, Stanford University and biotech company ConfometRx have captured the first cryo-electron microscopy snapshots of a key cellular receptor in action.

Medicine

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zika virus, Genome, Sequencing, DNA, Brazil, Americas, University of Birmingham, University of Oxford

UK and Brazilian Researchers Collaborate to Uncover the Hidden Spread of Zika Virus in Brazil and the Americas Using Virus Genome Sequences

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An international research collaboration has studied the genetics of Zika virus in Brazil and beyond, providing a new understanding of the disease and its rapid spread through space and time. The research has significant public health implications and has the potential to improve responses to future outbreaks.

Medicine

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cannabidiol, CBD oil, Epilelpsy, Medical Marijuana, Seizure

Epilepsy Journal Devotes Entire Issue to Cannabinoid Research

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Increasing interest in the properties of cannabinoids as a therapy for epilepsy has prompted Epilepsy & Behavior to produce a special issue devoted entirely to studies of cannabinoids. A UAB neurologist involved in UAB’s studies of CBD oil serves a co-guest editor of the issue.

Science

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Biofuel, Camelina, Crops, Crop Rotation

Where You Grow What You Grow

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A new study looks at how three varieties of camelina perform when grown in two different regions within the Great Plains. The end goal is to find the camelina variety that performs best in each location or environment--beyond the genetics involved.







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