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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Apr-2017 12:00 PM EDT

Medicine

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AYA, Cancer, Death Rate, Mortality Risk, SEER database, second cancers, Uc Davis

Second Cancers Deadlier in Young Patients

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Second cancers in children and adolescents and young adults (AYA) are far deadlier than they are in older adults and may partially account for the relatively poor outcomes of cancer patients ages 15-39 overall, a new study by UC Davis researchers has found."Second Primary Malignant Neoplasms and Survival in Adolescent and Adult Cancer Survivors" is published today in JAMA Oncology.

Medicine

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Falls, Elderly, Neurodegenative Disease, Virtual Reality

Can Virtual Reality Help Us Prevent Falls in the Elderly and Others?

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Every year, falls lead to hospitalization or death for many elderly Americans. Standard clinical techniques generally cannot diagnose balance impairments before they lead to falls. But researchers now think virtual reality could be a big help in detecting and possibly reversing balance impairments.

Science

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Language, Language acquisition, Language Development, Bi Lingual, Spanish, Child Development, English, Multilingual, multilingual environments

In Young Bilingual Children Two Languages Develop Simultaneously but Independently

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A new study of Spanish-English bilingual children finds that when children learn any two languages from birth each language proceeds on its own independent course, at a rate that reflects the quality of the children’s exposure to each language.

Medicine

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Exercise, Caffeine, Stairs, Office, Health, Health & Wellness

Tired? Try Walking Up Stairs Instead of Caffeine

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Research from the University of Georgia shows that 10 minutes of walking up and down stairs was more likely to make participants feel energized than ingesting 50 milligrams of caffeine.

Science

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Cohesin, DNA, loop extrusion, Chromatin

Looping the Genome: How Cohesin Does the Trick

DNA molecules in the cells‘ nuclei are neatly folded into loops. This serves to wrap them up tightly, but also to bring distant gene regulatory sequences into close contact. In a paper published this week by NATURE, scientists at the Research Institute of Molecular Pathology (IMP) in Vienna describe how cohesin might do the trick.

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New Study Finds Endoscopic Sleeve Gastroplasty an Effective Treatment for Some Obese Patients

A new weight loss procedure that reduces the size of the stomach without the need for surgery known as endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) is safe and effective way for the treatment obesity and obesity-related comorbidities such as diabetes, high blood pressure and fatty liver, according to a new study by NewYork-Presbyterian and Weill Cornell Medicine researchers.

Science

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Basic Energy Sciences, Basic Energy Research, Material Science, material sciences, Materials Science, Materials Science & Engineering, materials science engineering, San Diego State University, scientific reports, Silicon, Silicon Carbide, Plasma, Sintering, Material, Ceramics, ceramic composites, ceramic engineering, Manufacturing, SDSU, Theory, scanning ele

In a Flash! A New Way for Making Ceramics

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A new process controllably but instantly consolidates ceramic parts, potentially important for manufacturing.

Science

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Basic Energy Sciences, Basic Energy Research, Material Science, material sciences, Material, Materials Science, Materials Science & Engineering, materials science engineering, Chemistry, Nature (magazine), Nature, Atoms, atom arrangement, atom, Atom Scale, Molecular Foundry, University Of California Los Angeles, Nanoparticle, Nanoparticles, Platinum, platinum

Deciphering Material Properties at the Single-Atom Level

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Scientists determine the precise location and identity of all 23,000 atoms in a nanoparticle.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Parenting, Parenting Advice, Children, road crossing, Traffic, pedestrian safety , Child Safety, Psychology, Behavior, Cognition

Why Children Struggle to Safely Cross Busy Streets

Researchers have found children up to early teenagers lack the perceptual judgment and motor skills to safely cross a busy road consistently. Children placed in realistic, simulated environments were tested for their road-crossing abilities. Those from 6 to 12 years of age had trouble crossing the street, with accident rates as high as 8 percent with 6-year-olds. Results appear in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.







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