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Respiratory Diseases and Disorders

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Early Antibiotic Treatment For Severe COPD Symptoms Linked With Improved Outcomes

Among patients hospitalized for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), those who received antibiotics in the first 2 hospital days had improved outcomes, such as a lower likelihood of mechanical ventilation and fewer readmissions, compared to patients who received antibiotics later or not at all, according to a study in the May 26 issue of JAMA.

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Respiratory Virus Appears to be Commonly Identified Among Kenyan Children With Severe Pneumonia

Among infants and children hospitalized in Kenya with severe pneumonia, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) appears to be the predominant virus detected, according to a study in the May 26 issue of JAMA.

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Beta-Blockers May Be Associated With Benefits in Patients With Lung Disease

Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may have fewer respiratory flare-ups and longer survival if they take beta-blocker medications, according to a report in the May 24 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Medicine

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Mount Sinai Medical Center, Mount Sinai School Of Medicine, Virus, Respiratory Virus, Bone Marrow, Immune System

Bone Marrow Plays Critical Role in Enhancing Immune Response to Viruses

Researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine for the first time have determined that bone marrow cells play a critical role in fighting respiratory viruses, making the bone marrow a potential therapeutic target, especially in people with compromised immune systems. They have found that during infections of the respiratory tract, cells produced by the bone marrow are instructed by proteins to migrate to the lungs to help fight infection.

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ICU, Insurance Coverage

Health Insurance Status Linked to Mortality Risk in PA ICUs

Adult patients without health insurance admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) in Pennsylvania hospitals are at a 21 percent increased risk of death compared to similar patients with private insurance, according to researchers from the University of Pennsylvania. The difference in mortality risk was not explained by patient characteristics or differences in care at the hospital level, suggesting that uninsured patients might receive poorer quality care.

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Electric muscle stimulation, ICU

EMS Can Prevent Limb and Respiratory Muscle Weakness in ICU Patients

Electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) can prevent critical illness polyneuromyopathy (CIPNM), according to Greek researchers. CIPNM is an acquired limb and respiratory muscle weakness that is a common and serious problem among intensive care unit patients, and can result in prolonged ICU and hospital stay. EMS can also shorten the duration of weaning from mechanical ventilation and the length of ICU stay.

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home mechanical ventilation, repeat x-rays

High School Student Presents Research Challenging the Use of Routine Repeated Chest X-Rays in Certain Patients

High school student will present findings on the use of repeated xrays among children on home mechanical ventilation.

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Estrogen, Asthma, Menstral Cycle

Estrogen May Reduce Airway Constriction in Women Patients with Asthma

Female sex hormones may work with beta-agonists in reducing airway constriction, according to new bench research from the Mayo Clinic.







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