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Medicine

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Kidney Damage, Radiocontrast, Imaging

Kidney Damage Associated with Imaging Agent May Be Over-Estimated

• A new analysis indicates that radiocontrast, which is commonly used during imaging tests, may be less hazardous to the kidneys than previously thought. • Among nearly 6 million hospitalized patients, those who received radiocontrast did not develop acute kidney injury at a clinically significant higher rate than other patients.

Science

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Ut Southwestern, utsw, Ut Southwestern Medical Center, Lung Cancer, treatment-resistant lung cancer, KRAS mutations, KRAS-mutated non-small cell lung cancer

UTSW Scientists Find Lethal Vulnerability in Treatment-Resistant Lung Cancer

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Researchers working in four labs at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found a chink in a so-called “undruggable” lung cancer’s armor – and located an existing drug that might provide a treatment.

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Concussion, concussion reporting, sports-related injuries, Concussion education

Concussions in Female High School Athletes—Frequent but Under-Reported

Nearly half of female athletes participating in high school sports have had a diagnosed or suspected concussion—but most don't report these sports-related injuries to coaches or trainers, reports a study in the Journal of Trauma Nursing, official publication of the Society of Trauma Nurses, published by Wolters Kluwer.

Medicine

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REGARDS study, REGARDS, Stroke, stroke awareness, Stroke Care, Cardiovascular, Cardiovascular aging

Study Shows Risk Factor Prevention Should Be Addressed at All Ages

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Older adults can develop cardiovascular risk factors later in life, according to a study from UAB.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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criminal forensics, forensic evidence, Criminal Justice, Legal Rights, dna evidence

Forensic Science Report May Have Significant Implications for Criminal Justice System, Legal Expert Says

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Science

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Echolocation, APP, Radar, Sonar, Lidar

New Echolocation App on Google Play

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A new app developed by Clarkson University faculty and students allows users to use echolocation to better understand their surroundings.

Medicine

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Plastic Surgery, Reconstructive Surgery, Breast Reconstruction, Mastectomy, Immediate breast reconstruction

Immediate Breast Reconstruction Reduces Psychological Impact of Mastectomy

Immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) can avoid some of the psychological effects of undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer, compared to waiting for delayed breast reconstruction (DBR), reports a study in the October issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).

Medicine

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Plastic Surgery, Reconstructive Surgery, Botox, Facial Rejuvenation, neuromodulators

Experts Demonstrate 'Advances and Refinements' in Neuromodulators for Facial Rejuvenation

Plastic surgeons have a range of effective products and minimally invasive techniques for patients seeking to reverse the signs of facial aging. A review and update on facial rejuvenation using botulinum toxin "neuromodulators" is presented in the October issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).

Life

Pop Culture

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Hoboken, New Jersey, train crash, New Jersey Transit

Railroad Expert Available to Talk About Hoboken, New Jersey Train Crash

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Medicine

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Cornea, Ophthalmology

Researchers Shed Light on Repair Mechanism for Severe Corneal Injuries

In cases of severe ocular trauma involving the cornea, wound healing occurs following intervention, but at the cost of opaque scar tissue formation and damaged vision. Recent research has shown that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) — which can differentiate into a variety of cells, including bone, cartilage, muscle, and fat cells — are capable of returning clarity to scarred corneas; however, the mechanisms by which this happens remained a mystery – until now. In a study published online today in Stem Cell Reports, researchers from Schepens Eye Research Institute of Massachusetts Eye and Ear have identified hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), secreted by MSCs, as the key factor responsible for promoting wound healing and reducing inflammation in preclinical models of corneal injury. Their findings suggest that HGF-based treatments may be effective in restoring vision in patients with severely scarred corneas.

Medicine

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India, National Institiutes Of Health, National Eye Institute (NEI), Blindness, Optic Nerve, Genetic Risk Factors, ocular disease, Genome Sequencing, Janey Wiggs, M.D., Ph.D., Ronnie George, M.D.

U.S.-India Joint Effort Targets Genes and Traits to Improve Glaucoma Screening, Prevention, and Treatment

Researchers from the U.S. and India have begun a new collaborative project to identify genetic risk factors and traits related to glaucoma, a leading cause of blindness worldwide. Funded by the National Eye Institute (NEI), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and India’s Department of Biotechnology (DBT), the researchers’ goal is to help develop effective screening, prevention, and treatment strategies for glaucoma. Grants from the two agencies stem from a bilateral initiative, the U.S.-India Collaborative Vision Research Program, designed to advance knowledge in the biological mechanisms of ocular disease.

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Study of North Atlantic Ocean Reveals Decline of Leaded Petrol Emissions

A new study of lead pollution in the North Atlantic Ocean provides strong evidence that leaded petrol emissions have declined over the past few decades.

Medicine

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Opioid

Study Shows Upswing in Prescription Opioid Use Disorder and Heroin Use Among Young Adults

Researchers at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health found that, from 2002 to 2014, there was an increase in the probability of having a prescription opioid use disorder among young adults using prescription opioids for non medical purposes.

Medicine

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Flu Vaccination, Pediatrics, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Immunization, Influenza Vaccination, American Journal of Infection Control

Parents Cite Lack of Need as Reason for Not Getting Kids Flu Shots

Despite the fact that influenza leads to more hospitalizations and deaths among children than any other vaccine-preventable disease, parents frequently decline vaccinating their children against influenza because they don’t perceive the need, according to a new case-control study published in the October issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).

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Ocean Conditions Contributed to Unprecedented 2015 Toxic Algal Bloom

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A study led by researchers at the University of Washington and NOAA is the first published paper to connect the unprecedented West Coast toxic algal bloom of 2015 to the unusually warm ocean conditions — nicknamed “the blob” — in winter and spring of that year.

Science

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Nrao, Alma, Protoplanetary Disk

Spiral Arms Embrace Young Star

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Swirling around the young star Elias 2-27 is a stunning spiral-shape pinwheel of dust.

Science

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Earthquake, Earthquakes, Volcano, Volcanoes, Tectonic Plates, Geology, Geophysics

New Technique for Finding Weakness in Earth’s Crust

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Scientists have developed a method to estimate weakness in the Earth’s outer layers which will help explain and predict volcanic activity and earthquakes.

Medicine

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Ted Dawson, Dawson, Valina Dawson, Han Seok Ko, Xiaobo Mao, Parkinson's Disease, Parkinson's, LAG3, Alpha-synuclein, α-synuclein , Brain, Cells

New Treatment Strategy Could Cut Parkinson’s Disease Off at the Pass

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Researchers at Johns Hopkins report they have identified a protein that enables a toxic natural aggregate to spread from cell to cell in a mammal’s brain — and a way to block that protein’s action. Their study in mice and cultured cells suggests that an immunotherapy already in clinical trials as a cancer therapy should also be tested as a way to slow the progress of Parkinson’s disease, the researchers say.

Medicine

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Genetics, Cell Biology, Cancer, RNA, Microrna

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 3-Oct-2016 12:05 AM EDT

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MSU Contributes to Autonomous-Vehicle Research

At Michigan State University, researchers are involved in the work that will someday make self-driving vehicles not just a reality, but commonplace.







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