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Medicine

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Penn Medicine, abramson cancer center, Survivorship Care, Breast Cancer, San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, Depression, Symptom Burden, cancer survivorship research

Untreated Late Effects of Breast Cancer Care Increase Depression and Anxiety Among Survivors, Penn Study Shows

For many of the 2.8 million survivors in the United States, the price of survival includes severe physical and psychosocial symptoms – including joint pain, fatigue, weight gain and insomnia – that may go untreated and persist for many years after treatment. Long-term survivors report an average three symptoms for which they desire more help than they are receiving, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine and the Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania. Results of the study will be presented on Friday at the 2016 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (poster P5-13-12).

Medicine

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Arterial Disease

Scientists Identify Gene Predisposing to Artery-Damaging Disease

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A genetic discovery by a team led by Dianna Milewicz, M.D., Ph.D., of The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) could help explain a cause of a mysterious artery-damaging disease that may affect up to an estimated 5 million Americans and often strikes without warning.

Medicine

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Weight Loss, Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes, GLP-1 agonist

Research Examines Brain Locations That Control Diabetes Drugs’ Weight Loss Effects

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Certain type 2 diabetes drugs promote weight loss, but how they do this remains poorly understood. Insight into how these drugs work in the body—and especially the brain—could help create new drugs that effectively control body weight. In an important advance on that front, a new study from Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) shows that these drugs, called glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs), reduce body mass by targeting a different part of the brain than previously thought.

Science

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 12-Dec-2016 8:00 AM EST

Medicine

Science

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Liver Disease, Alcohol Addiction, Liver Transplantation, Screening, addiction specialist

Liver-Transplant Patients Can Benefit From Screening by an Addiction Specialist

A liver transplant is usually the last-chance remedy for end-stage liver disease. Quality of life and/or survival rates within the first five post-transplant years, independent of the primary reason for the transplant, are similar to those for patients with other types of cirrhosis. Alcohol relapses after liver transplantation are a critical issue and severe alcohol relapse can have dire consequences. This study compares the routine post-transplant evaluation of drinking with one obtained through a specific addiction consultation.

Science

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Climate Change, Carbon Cycle, peatlands

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 13-Dec-2016 5:00 AM EST

Science

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Cow Gene Study Shows Why Most Clones Fail

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It has been 20 years since Dolly the sheep was successfully cloned in Scotland, but cloning mammals remains a challenge. A new study by researchers from the U.S. and France of gene expression in developing clones now shows why most cloned embryos likely fail.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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21st century cures act, Health, Mental Health

WashU Expert: 21st Century Cures Act Good Start, Should Focus More on Immediate Needs

The newly passed 21st Century Cures Act  awaiting President Obama’s signature will provide necessary funding to help those with mental illnesses, but a mental health expert at Washington University in St. Louis says it should focus more on mental health outcomes of those suffering right now.“Over 40 million Americans suffer from a mental health condition at any given time,” said Ryan Lindsay, associate professor of practice and chair of the mental health concentration at the Brown School.

Medicine

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User-Friendly Medication Packaging Design Can Boost Patient Safety

Improvements to text size and placement and color scheme could help consumers – especially the elderly – discriminate medication ingredients to avoid inadvertent overdoses.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 14-Dec-2016 2:00 PM EST

Science

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Earth Science, Geology, Atmospheric & climate research, MARS, Earthquake, Lightning, Gamma Ray

Martian Mountains, Manmade Earthquake Detection and More From the U at AGU

University of Utah researchers will be among the approximately 24,000 scientists convening in San Francisco for the annual Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union Dec. 12-16. Below are summaries of select presentations at the meeting, along with the time and date of the presentation and primary contact information. All times are in Pacific Standard Time.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Russian Hacking, 2016 presidential election, Cybersecurity, Department Of Homeland Security, President Obama

Former High-Level Homeland Security Staffer, Cybersecurity Expert Available to Comment On "Full Review" of Russian Hacking

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Science

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Prosthetic Hand, prosthetic device, Prostheses, Prosthesis, 3D printing

Lending a Hand: Student 3D Prints Functional, Affordable Prosthetic

Using the Ithaca College 3D Printing Lab, a physics student adapted open source plans for a prosthetic hand to build a highly functional, affordable prosthetic.

Medicine

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The George Washington University, GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Milken Institute School of Public Health at the George Washington University, GW Hospital, GW Medical Faculty Associates, GW Cancer Center, Cancer, National Cancer Institute, Cancer Research, Washington, D.C., Friends of Cancer Research

GW Formally Launches New GW Cancer Center

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The George Washington University formally launched the GW Cancer Center with a ribbon-cutting and grand opening celebration the evening of Wednesday, Dec. 7.

Science

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society for risk analysis, cyber risks, risk science, risk professionals, Risk Management, Risk Communication, Risk Perception, Risk Assessment, ecological risks

A Peaceable Risk and Resilience Revolution Is Happening in San Diego

Society for Risk Analysis Annual Meeting December 11-15, 2016

Science

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Monkey, University of Vienna, Tecumseh Fitch, Department of Cognitive Biology, vocal anatomy, Vocalizations, Asif Ghazanfar, Princeton University, vocal tract, speechready

Why Can't Monkeys Speak? Vocal Anatomy Is Not the Problem

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Monkeys and apes are unable to learn new vocalizations, and for decades it has been widely believed that this inability results from limitations of their vocal anatomy: larynx, tongue and lips. But an international team of scientists, led by Tecumseh Fitch at the University of Vienna and Asif Ghazanfar at Princeton University, has now looked inside monkeys' vocal tracts with x-rays, and found them to be much more flexible than thought before. The study indicates that the limitations that keep nonhuman primates from speaking are in their brains, rather than their vocal anatomy.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Longevity, Life Expectancy, Death Rate, Economics, American Dream

WashU Expert: Economic stress played role in increasing U.S. death rate

Greater stress and anxiety resulting from economic insecurity may be at least partly to blame for the U.S. death rate that the government announced Dec. 8 has increased for the first time in a decade, says an expert on poverty and inequality at Washington University in St. Louis.“For the first time since 1993, the overall life-expectancy rate in the United States last year actually went down, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,” said Mark Rank, the Herbert S.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Trump, Clinton

WVU Expert: Trump Campaign Ties to Russian Interests Harken Back to Cold War-Era Politics

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Life

Law and Public Policy

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Cybersecurity, Yair Levy, Nova Southeastern University, College of Engineering and Computing, Subject Matter Expert, Russian Hacking, Elections 2016

With President Barack Obama Ordering A "Full Review" of Russian Hacking During the Presidential Election in November, NSU Is Home to Cybersecurity Expert for Media Working Related Stories.

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Science

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Ancient Enzyme Morphed Shape to Carry Out New Functions in Humans

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New research led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) reveals that a human enzyme has changed little from its days as a bacterial enzyme.







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