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New Theory on Mystery of Fairy Circles of Namibia, Caves in Central China Show History of Natural Flood Patterns, Regional Sea-Level Scenarios Will Help Northeast Plan for Faster-Than-Global Rise, and More in the Environmental Science News Source

The latest research on the environment in the Environmental Science News Source

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Gates Foundation, Danforth Center, Sorghum, Africa, Plant Science, ARPA-E, Food Security

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 25-Jan-2017 8:00 AM EST

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A Quark Like No Other, Biophysics Plays Key Role in Immune System Signaling and Response, ALMA Reveals Sun in New Light, and MORE in the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP

Click here to go directly to the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP.

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How Much Drought Can a Forest Take?

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Aerial tree mortality surveys show patterns of tree death during extreme drought.

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Computational Science, Big Data, Big data research, Big Data Management, Metadata, Ontologies, Semantics, Information Science, data-driven discovery, Data provenance

Turning Research Data Into Scientific Discoveries

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Information scientist Line Pouchard just joined Brookhaven Lab’s Center for Data-Driven Discovery, where she will help scientists discover, integrate, and re-use data.

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hypomorphic mutants, Genetic Engineering, poly adenylation

New Genetic Engineering Technique Could Help Design, Study Biological Systems

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A new technique helps biologists tinker with genes, whether the goal is to turn cells into tiny factories churning out medicines or to study their effects on human health. The technique allows scientists to precisely regulate how much protein is produced from a particular gene.

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Largest Populus SNP Dataset Holds Promise for Biofuels, X-Ray Imaging at Argonne Captures Material Defect Process, Flexible Ferroelectrics Bring Two Material Worlds Together, and More in the DOE Science News Source

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Medicine

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alcoholic liver disease, Binge Drinking, heavy drinking, rodent study, liver dysfunction, Liver Damage, Fatty Liver

Think Binge Drinking Is Safer for Your Liver Than Regular Heavy Drinking? Think Again.

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) occurs on a spectrum of severity. The majority of people who drink excessively develop a fatty liver, which though often symptom free, can progress to a state of inflammation, fibrosis, and cell death that can be fatal. Little is known about liver disruption that may occur in problem drinkers who are not alcohol dependent. To help understand the development of ALD, this study used a rodent model to examine differences in liver damage between binge drinkers and heavy drinkers.

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Nanowires, oxide nanowires, Batteries, Lithium

New Low-Cost Technique Converts Bulk Alloys to Oxide Nanowires

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A simple technique for producing oxide nanowires directly from bulk materials could dramatically lower the cost of producing the one-dimensional (1D) nanostructures. That could open the door for a broad range of uses in lightweight structural composites, advanced sensors, electronic devices – and thermally-stable and strong battery membranes able to withstand temperatures of more than 1,000 degrees Celsius.

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Northwestern University, Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences, nanotechnnology

Chemists Cook Up New Nanomaterial and Imaging Method

A team of chemists led by Northwestern University’s William Dichtel has cooked up something big: The scientists created an entirely new type of nanomaterial and watched it form in real time — a chemistry first.“Our work sets the stage for researchers interested in studying the fundamental properties of interesting materials and applied systems, such as solar cells, batteries, sensors, paints and drug delivery systems,” said Dichtel, the Robert L.

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Northwestern University, Chad Mirkin, Carnegie Mellon University, Dickson Prize in Science

Nanoscience Expert Receives 2016 Dickson Prize in Science

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Chad A. Mirkin, the George B. Rathmann Professor of Chemistry in the Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences and director of the International Institute for Nanotechnology at Northwestern University, has been awarded the 2016 Dickson Prize in Science.The prize is awarded annually by Carnegie Mellon University to an individual in the U.

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Northwestern University, Honors, Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers

Four Faculty Honored with Presidential Early Career Awards

Four Northwestern University professors — physicist Eric Dahl, chemists Danna Freedman and T. David Harris and mechanical engineer Sinan Keten — have been awarded the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE). President Barack Obama announced the recipients of the prestigious honor this week.

Medicine

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Virus, Bacteria communication, Phages, Sorek

Viruses Overheard Talking to One Another

For the first time, viruses have been found to communicate with one another, leaving short “posts” for kin and descendants. The messages help the viruses reading them decide how to proceed with the process of infection, according to Weizmann Institute research.

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UF/IFAS Findings Could Help Prevent Crop-Killing Pathogen From Coming to U.S.

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These findings may provide further evidence to help researchers solve the $6 billion-a-year disease that continues to evolve and torment potato and tomato growers around the world.

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phase transitions, quantum phase transition, quantum critical point, Neutron diffraction, x-ray diffraction, GOLD, Absolute Zero, quantum condensed matter, neutron beams, Atomic

Neutrons and a ‘Bit of Gold’ Uncover New Type of Quantum Phase Transition

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In a paper published in Physical Review Letters, a team of researchers led by the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory reports the discovery of a new type of quantum phase transition. This unique transition happens at an elastic quantum critical point, or QCP, where the phase transition isn’t driven by thermal energy but instead by the quantum fluctuations of the atoms themselves.

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Genomics, Metagenomics, DNA, Database, Protein, Protein structures, Protein Function, Computational, HPC, Computing, Biology, Science, DOE Office of Science

Seeking Structure with Metagenome Sequences

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In the January 20, 2017 issue of Science, University of Washington-led team, in collaboration with researchers at the DOE Joint Genome Institute, reports that structural models have been generated for 12 percent of the protein families that had previously had no structural information available.

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NRAO's 'Orion Explorer' Tours Iconic Constellation, Extreme Space Weather-Induced Blackouts, A Potential Way to Prevent Vision Deterioration in Space, and More in the Space News Source

The latest in space and astronomy in the Space News Source

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Bioethics, Organoids, Human Embryonic Stem Cells, Animal Testing, Tissue Engineering, Regenerative Medicine

Scientists Initiate First Ethical Guidelines for Organs Cultivated in Vitro

In the latest edition of the journal “Science”, Jürgen Knoblich, a leading authority on stem cells and deputy director of the IMBA (Institute for Molecular Biotechnology of the Austrian Academy of Sciences), together with international experts, presents a first ethical guideline for research into human organ models. In the article, he also argues for critical and responsible engagement with the new technology.

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B Cells, Lymphoma, germinal center

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 23-Jan-2017 11:00 AM EST

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New Theory May Explain Mystery of Fairy Circles of Namibia

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One of nature's greatest mysteries - the 'Fairy Circles' of Namibia - may have been unravelled by researchers at the University of Strathclyde and Princeton University.







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