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Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Homophobia, HIV, AIDS, Homosexuality

Homophobia, Self-Esteem and HIV Risk Linked Among African-American Gays

A study by a University of Illinois at Chicago researcher says negative attitudes toward homosexuality can lead to low self-esteem and increased risk for HIV among young African-American gay and bisexual men.

Life

Education

Compost, Video, Instructional, Garden, Organic, Waste, Management

How To Compost and Keep Neighbors Happy

The raunchy reputation of backyard composting is both undeserved and unnecessary, according to waste-management educators at Cornell University who reveal a few tricks of the trade in a new instructional video, "Compost Truth or Consequences."

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Study Finds Economic Downturns Unrelated to Incidence of Hate Crimes

While conventional wisdom has been that hate crimes in the United States rise with a declining economy, an analysis of hate crime in New York City from 1987 to 1995 has found little evidence linking racial, religious, ethnic, or homophobic incidents to deteriorating economic conditions.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Welfare, Reform, Incentives, Government, Social, Service, Policy

Study shows welfare-to-work incentives not well understood

The theory behind much recent welfare reform is that welfare recipients will go to work if government just provides the right incentives.

Life

Education

Cornell, Food, Industry, Distance, Education, E Mail, Courses

Cornell food industry courses go electronic

Cornell University's Food Industry Management Distance Education Program now offers all assignments and exams electronically via e-mail. It offers 40 course offerings in supermarket, food distribution and convenient store issues.

Life

Pop Culture

Creationism, Evolution, Bible, Science, Geoscience, Paleontology, Noachian

F&M Scientist Draws Timeline in the Sand - Donald Wise refutes creationist views with geologic timetable

Ever since 1925, when the Scopes "monkey trial" brought the contest between Darwinism and religion to the fore of the nation's attention, the debate between creationism and evolution has raged. Concerned by the growing influence of creationists, one professor decided to combat their claims by using what he knows best -- science.

Life

Pop Culture

Americana, Entertainment, Agricultural, Fairs, Tourism

County and state fairs maintain appeal for rural and urban visitors

Drive-in movies and root-beer stands have all but disappeared from the American landscape, but one summer leisure-time blast from the past continues to pack 'em in: the annual state, county or regional agricultural fair.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

School, Safety, Violence, Counseling, Children, Mental, Illness

Potential for violence can be very difficult to spot, professor says

The question has been asked in some form after every school shooting that has occurred in recent months: Why didnít someone see the signs that the child would do this?

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Iroquois, Women, Rights, Seneca, Falls, Feminism, American, Native, Indian

Iroquois Women Influenced Early Feminists

The photo exhibit "Sisters in Spirit: Celebrating the Iroquois Influence on the Early Women's Rights Movement" opened June 27 at the Urban Cultural Park/Heritage Area Visitor Center in Seneca Falls, NY. Cornell University provided expertise.

Life

Education

History, Social Studies, Liturature, Children, Education, Elementary, Purdue

Historical Stories Make Social Studies Fun

A Purdue University expert on citizenship education says a revolution is under way in how social studies is taught in American elementary schools. "More and more teachers are starting to introduce students to the world around them with history-based children's literature," says Lynn Nelson, director of Purdue's James F. Ackerman Center for Democratic Citizenship.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Election, Voting, NAME, Placement, Ballot, Order

Candidates Whose Names Are First on Ballot Receive Election Boost

Candidates whose names appear first on an election ballot may attract more voters simply because they're listed before their rivals, a new study suggests.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Economic, Industry, Technology

Upswing in Industrial R&D Creating Positive Economic Benefits

Increases in industrial research and development (R&D) activities are the highest recorded since the early 1980s, according to a new National Science Board (NSB) report to Congress.

Life

Education

Fireflies Are a Science Lesson in a Mayonnaise Jar, Professor Says

Fireflies are a joy of summer, delightful to look at and fun to catch, but they can also be a great way to help children learn, says a Purdue University professor.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Closed, head, Injury, Rehabilitation, Osborn

"Over My Head": MSU Prof Tells Story of Life After Serious Head Injury

Dr. Claudia Osborn's life changed forever on a warm summer night in 1988 when a bike ride through her quiet neighborhood ended when she was hit by a car. Now a volunteer faculty member at Michigan State University, Osborn has chronicled her 10-year journey from serious head injury to a different yet happy life in a book titled "Over My Head."

Life

Education

Teens, Sports, Behaviors, Drinking, drug, Use

Teens Who Play Sports Get Better Grades

"The take-home message for parents is that adolescent involvement in sports has positive effects on academic performance, but it also increases the likelihood of drinking and drug use," says U-M psychologist Jacquelynne Eccles.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Capital, Punishment, Death, Penalty, jury, Law, Trial

Jurors Opposed To The Death Penalty Act Differently From Others

By law, people opposed to the death penalty are prohibited from serving on juries in which a defendant may be sentenced to death. But a new study suggests that excluding anti-death-penalty jurors may be biasing the juries who determine guilt or innocence of defendants. It is not possible, however, to tell whether this bias would favor defendants or prosecutors.

Life

Pop Culture

Country, Music, Nashville, Sound, Patsy, Cline

Issue of Authenticity, Commercialization of Country Music Analyzed in New Book by TU Professor Joli Jensen

Is country music losing its soul? The question is posed by Joli Jensen, a University of Tulsa communication professor and author of a new book that examines how country music changed in the 1950s and 60s as it reacted to the success of rock íní roll.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Economics, Information Technology, Productivity, Economy

Growth of Information Technologgy is Changing the Face of the Economy

The impact of new information technologies (IT) has been pervasive on society but productivity benefits are more difficult to pin down, according to a new National Science Board (NSB) report to Congress, Science and Engineering Indicators 1998.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Societal, Impacts, Science, Engineering, Statistics, Science, Policy

Science and Engineering Indicators '98 Survey Shows Americans' Interest in Science Grows

Americans say they are more interested and more aware than ever about scientific discoveries, inventions and new technologies. However, they still score low on actual understanding of basic scientific terms and concepts, such as the definition of molecules and DNA, and how frequently the earth revolves around the sun.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Psychology, Health, Mental, Forgiveness, Veterans, Stress, Revenge

Just How Healthy it is to Forgive

Dr. Charlotte vanOyen Witvliet latest study may just prove how healthy it is to forgive. The assistant professor of psychology at Hope College launches a two-year study this fall which will focus on the physiological effects of forgiveness







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