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Wayne State University, NIH, Tinnitus, Otolaryngology

Wayne State University Research Team Develops New Diagnostic Tool to Identify Tinnitus in Animals

A team of researchers from Wayne State University has developed a behavioral tool that may significantly aid in understanding the underlying mechanisms of tinnitus, ultimately leading to new drugs and treatment methods.

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Restaurant Nutrition Labeling, Healthy Eating, Childhood Obesity, Nutrition & Children, Nutrition & kids, Healthy Habits

Children’s Menus Still Laden with Fat, Sodium, and Calories Despite Industry Pledges

Despite a 2011 pledge among United States chain restaurants to improve the nutritional value of children’s menu options, a new study finds no significant improvements have been made to cut calories, saturated fat, or sodium. The study is the first to look at trends in the nutrient content of kids’ meals among national restaurant chains since the National Restaurant Association launched the voluntary Kids LiveWell program in 2011. The study is published this week in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Breast Cancer, African-American Patients , Prognosis, Chemotherapy, Survival Rates, Recurrence, Tumors, Mortality, Racial Disparity

Breast Cancer Prognosis of African-American Patients May Improve with Administration of Chemotherapy Before Surgery, Study Finds

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Administering chemotherapy to African-American breast cancer patients prior to surgery could improve their prognosis and survival rates from the disease, according to a new study.

Medicine

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Physical Therapy, Rehabiliation, Brain Tumor, Meningioma, Seizure, CARF Accreditation

Brain Tumor Survivor Moves Into Next Phase of Life Thanks to Rehab Experts

Physical therapist Jorge Neira is helping Ruben Arellano regain use of his arms and the ability to walk. Arellano had a baseball-sized tumor removed from his head. The two share successes and setbacks on the arduous road to recovery at Harris Health System's CARF-accredited hospital.

Medicine

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Herpes Simplex Virus 2, vaccine candidates, PLoS Pathogens

New Genital Herpes Vaccine Candidate Provides Powerful Protection in Preclinical Tests

Approximately 500 million people around the world are infected with the genital herpes virus known as herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV2). A vaccine that could bring an end to this global pandemic is needed desperately, yet no candidate vaccine has ever performed well in clinical trials. Now scientists in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have shown that a new type of vaccine provides powerful protection in standard guinea pig and monkey models of HSV2 infection.

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Endocrine Society, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism , Endocrinology, Type 1 Diabetes, Microbiome, Microbiota, Intestinal Bacteria, Inflammation

Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Gut Inflammation, Bacteria Changes

People with Type 1 diabetes exhibit inflammation in the digestive tract and gut bacteria¬—a pattern that differs from individuals who do not have diabetes or those who have celiac disease, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Surgical Site Infection, surgical site infection rate

Surgical Site Infections Are the Most Common and Costly of Hospital Infections

The Journal of the American College of Surgeons has published updated guidelines for the prevention, detection and management of surgical site infections, which affect as many as 300,000 patients per year in the United States.

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discovery research, KRAS mutation, lung adenocarcinoma, Ribosomes

Mayo Researchers Identify Mechanism of Oncogene Action in Lung Cancer

Researchers at Mayo Clinic have identified a genetic promoter of cancer that drives a major form of lung cancer. In a new paper published this week in Cancer Cell, Mayo Clinic researchers provide genetic evidence that Ect2 drives lung adenocarcinoma tumor formation.

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Life

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disability rights, Human Rights

International Case Against Mexico Seeks Recognition of the Right to Community Integration for People with Disabilities Locked in Institutions

Disability Rights International (DRI) and the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law filed a case Wednesday with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) for the egregious human rights violations against 37 persons with disabilities who were detained at the 'Casa Esperanza' institution in Mexico City, Mexico.

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Science

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Biology, Cancer, Protein, Lipid, Fat, Stem Cells, Molecular Biology, Chemistry, waxes, triacylglycerols, Aging, Senescent

As Cells Age, the Fat Content Within Them Shifts

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As cells age and stop dividing, their fat content changes, along with the way they produce and break down fat and other molecules classified as lipids. By providing broad insights into the connection between lipids and cellular aging, the findings open the door for additional research that could one day support the development of lipid-based approaches to preventing cell death or hastening it in cancerous tumors.

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New TSRI Method Could Turbocharge Drug Discovery, Protein Research

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A team led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) has developed a versatile new method that should enhance the discovery of new drugs and the study of proteins.

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In Alzheimer’s, Excess Tau Protein Damages Brain’s GPS

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Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center have linked excess tau protein in the brain to the spatial disorientation that leads to wandering in many Alzheimer's disease patients. The findings, in mice, could lead to early diagnostic tests for Alzheimer's and point to treatments for this common and troubling symptom.

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Nyu Langone, Agnel Sfeir, Mitochondria, Genetics, common deletion, strand displacement, Pearson syndrome, Kearns-Sayre, ophthalmopl

Roots of Related Genetic Diseases Found in Cell Powerhouses

Scientists at NYU Langone Medical Center have discovered the mechanisms behind a genetic change known to cause a set of related diseases.

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Sugar, Diet, Obesity, Fructose, Heart Disease, Liver Disease, Metabolism/Metabolic Diseases

The Type, Not Just the Amount, of Sugar Consumption Matters in Risk of Health Problems

The type of sugar you eat—and not just calorie count—may determine your risk for chronic disease. A new study is the first of its kind to compare the effects of two types of sugar on metabolic and vascular function.

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Nutrition, Diet, Healthy Eating, Bacon

Is Bacon Fit for a Breakfast of Champions? UH Cleveland Med Ctr Dietitian Lisa Cimperman Can Offer Better Food Choices to Start the Day.

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Health, Medicine, Sleep, Sleep Medicine

What Causes Sleepiness When Sickness Strikes

It’s well known that humans and other animals are fatigued and sleepy when sick, but it’s a microscopic roundworm that’s providing an explanation of how that occurs, according to a study from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. A study published this week in eLife reveals the mechanism for this sleepiness.

Medicine

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Cancer, Breast Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Affordable Care Act , Obamacare, Obama, Obamacare effects, Early Diagnosis, Cancer Diagnosis, Aaron Yao, Nengliang "Aaron" Yao, UVA, University Of Virginia, University of Virginia School of Medicine, UVA School of Medicine, Economics, Research, public health sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Seer, Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program, SEER database, Database, Database Research

Affordable Care Act Made Cancer Screening More Accessible for Millions, Study Finds

The Affordable Care Act helped make recommended cancer screening more affordable and accessible for millions of Americans, according to new University of Virginia research.

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Anesthesiology, Physician Supervision, Anesthesia Care

Access to Anesthesia Care Is Not Improved When States Eliminate Physician Supervision, Study Finds

Patient access to anesthesia care for seven common surgical procedures is not increased when states “opt-out” of the Medicare rule that requires anesthesia to be administered with physician supervision, reports a study published in the Online First edition of Anesthesiology.

Medicine

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Cancer, Breast Cancer, cancer side effects

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 24-Jan-2017 9:00 AM EST

Medicine

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genetic counselors, prenatal screening, non-invasive prenatal screening, Frank Boehm, Martha Dudek, cell-free fetal DNA screening, Obstetrical Genetic Counseling, Vanderbilt, Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Non-Invasive Prenatal Screening’s Popularity on the Rise

Genetic counselors are playing a greater role in areas of medicine in the wake of advancement in genomic technology. In the last decade, genetic testing has improved dramatically, enabling medical professionals the ability to screen for common genetic conditions like Down syndrome more accurately beginning at 10 weeks gestation.







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