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Vision, Visual Cortex, Brain Research, Neuroscience, McMaster University, Kathryn Murphy, Eyesight, Amblyopia, Neural Plasticity, Middle Age

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 29-May-2017 1:00 PM EDT

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Fungi, DOE Office of Science, Genomics, Bioenergy, genetic, Enzyme, Emsl, Joint Genome Institute, PNNL, Berkeley Lab, Department of Energy (DOE), UC Santa Barbara, Biofuel

Fungal Enzymes Team Up to More Efficiently Break Down Cellulose

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Cost-effectively breaking down bioenergy crops into sugars that can then be converted into fuel is a barrier to commercially producing sustainable biofuels. Enabled by DOE User Facilities, a team reports that early lineages of fungi can form enzyme complexes capable of degrading plant biomass.

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Life on Terra Firma Began with an Invasion

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Scientists are now confident animal life on solid ground started with a few short bursts of marine creatures making the leap from the oceans. New research at the University of Portsmouth also paints a clear picture of how animals rapidly spread out and changed once they made the leap.

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ohio river, Water, PFOA, Environmental Health, PFC, Ohio River Valley

High Levels of PFOA Found in Mid-Ohio River Valley Residents From 1991 to 2013

New research from the University of Cincinnati (UC) reveals that residents of the Mid-Ohio River Valley had higher than normal levels of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) based on blood samples collected over a 22-year span. The exposure source was likely from drinking water contaminated by industrial discharges upriver. This is the first study of PFOA serum concentrations in U.S. residents in the 1990s.

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Scientists Jump Hurdle in HIV Vaccine Design

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Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have made another important advance in HIV vaccine design.

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bioelectricity, Regeneration, Infection, Ion Channel, Immune

Bioelectricity New Weapon to Fight Dangerous Infection

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Changing natural electrical signaling in non-neural cells improves innate immune response to bacterial infections and injury. Tadpoles that received therapeutics, including those used in humans for other purposes, which depolarized their cells had higher survival rates when infected with E. coli than controls. The research has applications for treatment of emerging diseases and traumatic injury in humans.

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Universe, Planetary Formation, Atomic Scale, Meteories

Atomic-Scale Imaging Improves Dating of Planetary Events

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Research led by the University of Portsmouth has identified a new way to improve how we measure the age of planetary evolution in our solar system.

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Cancer, Metastasis, Tumor, Interleukin

New Cellular Target May Put the Brakes on Cancer’s Ability to Spread

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Researchers have discovered a biochemical signaling process that causes densely packed cancer cells to break away from a tumor and spread the disease elsewhere in the body.

Medicine

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MRSA, Infection, Health, Medicine, Disease

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 29-May-2017 3:00 PM EDT

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Energy, Fossil Fuels, oil, Natural Gas, Catalysis & energy conversion, Postdoctoral program

Argonne Scientists Make Vanadium Into a Useful Catalyst for Hydrogenation

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In a new study, Argonne chemist Max Delferro boosted and analyzed the unprecedented catalytic activity of an element called vanadium for hydrogenation – a reaction that is used for making everything from vegetable oils to petrochemical products to vitamins.







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