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The Tasmanian Tiger Had a Brain Structure Suited to a Predatory Life Style

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Brain scans suggest the action-planning part of the cortex was large in these extinct predators.

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Mississippi River, Nitrogen, Dead Zone, Pollutants, Microbes, Wetlands, floodplain

Mighty River, Mighty Filter

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Researchers are reviving one of the Mississippi River's main filters: the floodplain. The result is a unique environment that removes nitrogen, a contributor to the Gulf of Mexico's dead zone.

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Joint Genome Institute, Department of Energy Office of Science

Six From DOE JGI on 2016 Highly Cited Researchers List

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Six of the DOE Joint Genome Institute’s researchers are among the most highly cited in the world.

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Biology, Brain, Hippocampus, Neuron, Dendrite, Alzheimer Disease & Associated Disorders

Study Identifies Molecular Signal for Maintaining Adult Neuron

Research in mice points to better understanding of how the structure of nerve cells in the adult hippocampus may deteriorate, which can lead to Alzheimer’s disease and other neurological disorders.

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Presidential Early Career Awards , Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers, PECASE 2017, President Obama, White House

LLNL Researchers Win Presidential Early Career Awards

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Two Lawrence Livermore National Lab researchers were among the recipients of the prestigious Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), announced in Washington D.C. on Jan. 9.

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Vitamin B-12, and a Knockoff Version, Create Complex Market for Marine Vitamins

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Vitamin B-12 exists in two different, incompatible forms in the oceans. An organism thought to supply the essential vitamin B-12 in the marine environment is actually churning out a knockoff version.

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Chicago Community Trust, Terry Mazany, Chicago Biomedical Consortium, Searle Funds, Biomedicine

Support for Chicago Biomedical Consortium Renewed

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The Searle Funds at The Chicago Community Trust has renewed its funding commitment to the Chicago Biomedical Consortium (CBC), an innovative research and education collaboration of Northwestern University, the University of Illinois at Chicago and the University of Chicago that has helped establish the Chicago area as a leader in biomedical sciences.

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Plate Techtonics, Mid Ocean Ridges, East Pacific Rise

Heat From Earth’s Core Could Be Underlying Force in Plate Tectonics

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For decades, scientists have theorized that the movement of Earth’s tectonic plates is driven largely by negative buoyancy created as they cool. New research, however, shows plate dynamics are driven significantly by the additional force of heat drawn from the Earth’s core. The new findings also challenge the theory that underwater mountain ranges known as mid-ocean ridges are passive boundaries between moving plates. The findings show the East Pacific Rise, the Earth’s dominant mid-ocean ridge, is dynamic as heat is transferred.

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Cell Division Regulation

Study Finds New Target for Controlling Cell Division

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Modern genome sequencing methods used to measure the efficiency of synthesis of individual protein during cell division has found that the enzymes that make lipids and membranes were synthesized at much greater efficiency when a cell is ready to split.

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Energy, China energy

$5M Foundation Gift to Help Support US-China Energy Center at Berkeley Lab

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In 2015, Berkeley Lab, UC Berkeley, and Tsinghua University in Beijing formed the Berkeley Tsinghua Joint Research Center on Energy and Climate Change to develop scientifically based clean energy solutions and the next generation of leaders to champion those solutions. Now, that effort has received welcome support from Jim and Marilyn Simons in the amount of a $5 million donation.

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Heart, Heartbeat, Passwords, Password, Security, Healthcare, Health Records, Health, Encryption, Engineering, Computer Engineering, ecg, Electronic Records, Authentication, data encryption, ehealth, Electrocardiograph, Privacy, Cybersecurity, Binghamton, Binghamton University, SUNY Binghamton, State University of New York at Binghamton

Heartbeat Could Be Used as Password to Access Electronic Health Records

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Researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York have devised a new way to protect personal electronic health records using a patient’s own heartbeat.

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Extreme Space Weather-Induced Blackouts Could Cost US More Than $40 Billion Daily

New study finds more than half the loss occurs outside the blackout zone

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super-resolution microscopy, stem cell differentiation

Super-Resolution Imaging Offers Fast Way to Discern Fate of Stem Cells

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Scientists funded by the National Institutes of Health have developed a new way to identify the state and fate of individual stem cells earlier than previously possible.

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Wildlife, Avian Influenza, Weather, Waterfowl, Entomology, Ecology, poultry farms , California, U.S. Geological Survey

Researchers Use Weather Radar to Track Migrating Waterfowl, Avian Influenza

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University of Delaware researchers are part of an effort that will use weather radar to identify wetland hotspots used by waterfowl during the winter, which in turn can alert poultry growers about the potential risk of avian influenza. The lab at UD is one of the only labs anywhere using weather radar data to map bird distributions at the ground level.

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Manufacturing, manufacturing innovation, Mechanical Engineering, Machining, milling, CNC

Researchers Develop Ways to Improve Machining, Milling Processes

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Fixing flaws introduced during the machining of large components used in the aircraft and heavy equipment industries can be time-consuming for manufacturers – and costly if they must scrap the flawed parts after they’ve been fabricated. A new approach developed by researchers at Missouri University of Science and Technology is helping manufacturers eliminate those flaws before the parts are created.

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UF/IFAS Model Delivers Growers Severe Weather Data Specific to Their Farms

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“Growers kept asking us, ‘What is the probability of getting an extreme weather event on my farm when my crop is ready to harvest,’” said Caroline Staub, a post-doctoral researcher in the UF/IFAS agricultural and biological engineering department.

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miccroorganisms, Fluid, microbodies, Friction, Inertia, swimming linear chain, flow, B. Ubbo Felderhof, RWTH Aachen University, PHYSICS OF FLUIDS

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 24-Jan-2017 11:00 AM EST

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Conditions Right for Complex Life May Have Come and Gone in Earth's Distant Past

Conditions suitable to support complex life may have developed in Earth's oceans — and then faded — more than a billion years before life truly took hold, a new University of Washington-led study has found.

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Bird Populations, Bird Studies, Bird Studies Canada, Birds, Citizen Science, Climate Data , Cornell Lab Of Ornithology, Feeder Birds, Project Feederwatch, Technology

Citizen-Science Pioneer, Project FeederWatch Soars Into 30th Year

This winter, Project FeederWatch – a citizen-science program where participants track birds visiting their backyard feeders from November to April – celebrates its 30th anniversary.

Medicine

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Technology, Computer Science, Engineering, Health And Medicine

'5-D Protein Fingerprinting' Could Give Insights Into Alzheimer's, Parkinson's

In research that could one day lead to advances against neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, University of Michigan engineering researchers have demonstrated a technique for precisely measuring the properties of individual protein molecules floating in a liquid.







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