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Medicine

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Xinzhong Dong, itch , GRP neuron, Gastrin releasing peptide neuron, pain, Signal

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 22-Feb-2017 12:00 PM EST

Life

Law and Public Policy

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British history, Jonathan Clark

Brexit Chaos Has Brought on Politicized Judiciary in Britain, Historian Says

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Jonathan Clark, University of Kansas distinguished professor of history, discusses the historical context of constitutional issues surrounding the Brexit and the politicization of Britain's Supreme Court.

Life

Arts and Humanities

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John Constable, art and science

Solar Geometry Sheds New Light on a Major Constable Work

The new research explains how a reassessment of the solar geometry of the painting, and the painter’s considerable understanding of contemporary rainbow theory, suggest that the rainbow was added in at a later date as an homage to John Fisher, who died on the afternoon of 25 August 1832.

Science

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quantum critical point, quantum criticality, quantum behavior, Absolute Zero, ultrathin systems, ultralow temperatures, measuring specific heat, thermal phase transition, quantum phase transition

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 22-Feb-2017 5:00 AM EST

Medicine

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Cancer, math, Math Anxiety, Numeracy

Decision-Making Suffers When Cancer Patients Avoid Math

Many of the toughest decisions faced by cancer patients involve knowing how to use numbers -- calculating risks, evaluating treatment options and figuring odds of medication side effects. But for patients who aren’t good at math, decision science research can offer evidence-based advice on how to assess numeric information and ask the right questions to make informed choices.

Medicine

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gut microbiota, Microbiome, Malaria, Plasmodium

UofL Researcher Receives $2.6 Million From NIH to Determine How Gut Microbiota Protect Against Malaria

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Nathan Schmidt, Ph.D., has shown that microbes in the gut of mice can affect the severity of illness suffered from infection with Plasmodium, the parasite that causes malaria. He now begins research to determine which microbiota protect the host and to learn more about the mechanism behind that protection.

Science

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Forest, urban forests, rural forests, Migration, Ecosystem, Mapping, forest dynamics

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 22-Feb-2017 2:00 PM EST

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Disgust, Emotion, genetically engineered food, Discrimination, Organ Donation, Prejudice, Evolution

Knee-Jerk Disgust Is Holding Humans Back

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Disgust is an emotion that's been co-opted to discriminate against people and things which pose no danger, holding humans back in social and evolutionary terms

Medicine

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Majority of Opioid Medications Not Safely Stored in Homes with Children, Survey Finds

Nearly 70 percent of prescription opioid medications kept in homes with children are not stored safely, a new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health finds.

Medicine

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Healthy Eating, Childhood Obesity, kids and eating, Picky Eating, kids and food, Kids And Nutrition

Poll: Only a Third of Parents Think They Are Doing a Good Job Helping Kids Be Healthy Eaters

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If you know healthy eating is important for your kids but you also feel like it’s easier said than done, you’re not alone.

Medicine

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Repetitive Head Injuries May Not Cause Movement Problems for Former NFL Players

Former NFL players who had repeated head injuries may not have significant problems with motor functions later in life, according to a preliminary study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology’s 69th Annual Meeting in Boston, April 22 to 28, 2017.

Medicine

Science

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GBSI, Global Biological Standards Institute , Leonard P. Freedman, PhD, Reproducibility2020, Reproducible, AAAS Annual Meeting, NIH, Standards

GBSI Report Shows Encouraging Progress Towards Addressing Reproducibility to Significantly Improve Quality of Preclinical Biological Research by Year 2020

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One year after the Global Biological Standards Institute (GBSI) issued its Reproducibility2020 challenge and action plan for the biomedical research community, the organization reports encouraging progress toward the goal to significantly improve the quality of preclinical biological research by year 2020. “Reproducibility2020 Report: Progress and Priorities,” posted today on bioRxiv, identifies action and impact that has been achieved by the life science research community and outlines priorities going forward. The report is the first comprehensive review of the steps being taken to improve reproducibility since the issue became more widely known in 2012.

Medicine

Science

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GBSI, Leonard P. Freedman, PhD, Reproducibility, Reproducibility2020, NIH, Rigor and Reproducibility, Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), Michael S. Lauer, M.D, William G. Kaelin Jr., M.D, Judith Kimble

Rigor and Reproducibility Policy One Year Later: How Has the Biomedical Community Responded?

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Leonard P. Freedman, PhD, president of Global Biological Standards Institute (GBSI) will lead a panel discussion convened by GBSI, titled “Rigor and Reproducibility One Year Later: How Has the Biomedical Community Responded?” Freedman will also introduce a new GBSI report on the life science community’s multiple years of progress toward improved reproducibility by 2020. “Reproducibility2020 Report: Progress and Priorities,” also tracks the GBSI Reproducibility2020 challenge issued February 2016.

Medicine

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Stem Cells

Blast Off: Stem Cells From Mayo Clinic Physician’s Lab Launch Into Space

Today, the latest rocket launch from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida, included a payload of several samples of donated adult stem cells from a research laboratory at Mayo Clinic’s Florida campus.

Life

Education

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Statistics, statistics teaching, Ethics

Using Statistics Ethically to Combat "A Scientific Credibility Crisis"

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A recent survey suggests that many researchers have tried and failed to reproduce other scientists' experiments as well as their own. Georgetown University’s Rochelle Tractenberg, PhD, is on a mission to help change that by promoting ethical statistical practices. She’ll lead a panel discussion on the topic Sunday at the AAAS meeting in Boston.

Medicine

Science

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counterfeit alcohol, Russia, illegal counterfeit alcohol products, socioeconomic factors, Risky Behavior, Poverty, indifference, Social Networks, homemade alcohol

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 21-Feb-2017 5:00 PM EST

Science

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genes, agriculture and climate change, climate change adaptation

Maize Study Finds Genes That Help Crops Adapt to Change

A new study analyzed close to 4,500 maize varieties to identify more than 1,000 genes driving large-scale adaptation to the environment.

Medicine

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T Cell, Vaccination

Penn Team Tracks Rare T Cells in Blood to Better Understand Annual Flu Vaccine

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A team has found a way to identify the small population of circulating helper T cells present in the blood after an annual flu vaccine to monitor their contribution to antibody strength. A technique that identifies these helper immune cells could inform future vaccine design, especially for vulnerable populations.

Medicine

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Research, vision research awards, glaucoma research, Glaucoma Research Foundation, glaucoma researcher

Dr. Richard Libby Awarded 2017 Shaffer Prize for Innovative Glaucoma Research

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The Shaffer Prize is awarded annually by Glaucoma Research Foundation to recognize a researcher whose project best exemplifies the pursuit of innovative ideas in the quest to cure glaucoma.

Science

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NASA, spacecraft design, Space Travel, aerospace design, Engineeriing, Solar Power, Spacecraft technology, NASA Education, Tulane University

Tulane Team Wins NASA’s Big Idea Challenge for Spacecraft Design

Tulane University engineering students’ innovative idea for a flower-shaped, solar-powered space ferry won the top prize in NASA’s BIG Idea Challenge, a national contest to design better ways to assemble spacecraft in space.







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