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Science

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Chaos, Information, collective dynamics

Synchronized Swimming: How Startled Fish Shoals Effectively Evade Danger

As panic spreads, an entire shoal (collective) of fish responds to an incoming threat in a matter of seconds, seemingly as a single body, to change course and evade a threatening predator. Within those few seconds, the panic-infused information – more technically known as the startle response – spreads through the collective, warning fish within the group that would otherwise have no way to detect such a threat. The ways in which this information spreads and the role played by position dynamics may help us better plan for emergencies.

Medicine

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Kansas State University, K-State, KSU, Kansas State, Sensory Analysis Center, Edgar Chambers, Food Safety, hand-washing, Temperature, Kitchen, meat, meat thermometer

A Safer Supper: Study Finds Recipes with Hand-Washing, Temperature Reminders Improve Food Safety

Kansas State University researchers have discovered the secret ingredient to improving kitchen food safety: include hand-washing reminders and meat thermometer instructions in published recipes.

Science

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Black Death ‘Plague Pit’ Discovered at 14th-Century Monastery Hospital

48 skeletons discovered in ‘Plague Pit’ – 27 of them children; Extremely rare discovery suggests community was overwhelmed by the Black Death

Science

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Student Research, Research Funding

College Students Use Non-Traditional Avenues to Augment Research Funding

Students are using non-traditional funding sources to augment their research projects. The following NMSU students are using outside sources: Grace Smith Vidaurre is using Experiment.com; Brian Ramos-Guivas used Instrumentl in the past and is now using GoFundMe; Sativa Cruz, a recent graduate, used GoFundMe.

Business

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Charitable Giving, Human Behavior

The Neediest Case… or the Prettiest Face?

On Giving Tuesday, holiday donation campaigns launch into high gear, with various year-end appeals supporting a whole array of causes. But how do people decide where to donate their money?  They know that they should give to the neediest cases, but new research from Washington University in St. Louis’s Olin Business School shows the donation decision often comes down to something called a “charity beauty premium.

Science

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Wildlife Research, Bird Research, Mercury, Wind Energy, Ecology, Environmental Awareness, Environmental Research

Wildlife Researchers Study Impact of Wind Energy, Mercury, Oil Spills and Other Human Cultural Developments on Wildlife

BRI's mission is to conduct scientific investigations into human impacts on the environment to better understand ecological health through the lens of animals.

Medicine

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Breast Cancer

Nation’s Leading Oncoplastic Surgery Program Schedules January Training

The School of Oncoplastic Surgery (SOS), which zeroes in on the growing trend toward oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery, will hold its next training program Jan. 27-29, 2017.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Neuroscience, Religion, Mormons, Nucleus Accumbens, reward circuit, fMRI

This Is Your Brain on God: Spiritual Experiences Activate Brain Reward Circuits

Religious and spiritual experiences activate the brain reward circuits in much the same way as love, sex, gambling, drugs and music, report researchers at the University of Utah School of Medicine. The findings will be published Nov. 29 in the journal Social Neuroscience.

Medicine

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Virtual Reality, Michigan football, harbaugh

Jim Harbaugh Foundation Helps Bring Big House Experience to Sick Kids at Mott

Sick kids will get to visit the Big House without leaving their rooms at C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital, thanks to the foundation named after University of Michigan football coach Jim Harbaugh.

Science

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Environment, Biology, Environmental biology, Metagenomics, Ecology

Komodo Dragons Help Researchers Understand Microbial Health in Captive Animals

Researchers at the University of California San Diego, the University of Colorado-Boulder, the University of Chicago and Argonne are the first to identify similarities in the way in which Komodo dragons and humans and their pets share microbes within closed environments.

Science

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SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, SSRL, Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, lightsource, TED Talks, Science, Biological Science, Chemistry, Catalysis, X-ray science, X-ray imaging

‘Brighter Than A Billion Suns’: SLAC Studies Featured in TEDx Talk

Phil Manning and his colleagues have used synchrotron light for nearly a decade to help interpret the chemical signatures locked within fossilized life. Bright X-rays have allowed them to study fossilized worm burrows, recreate pigment patterns in ancient bird feathers, see how Jurassic dinosaur bones heal and image the living chemistry of 50-million year old plant fossils.

Medicine

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sexual assult , Sexual Abuse, sexual assault survivors

Photography-Based Therapy Offers New Approach to Healing for Sexual Assault Survivors

One out of every six American women has experienced a sexual assault or an attempted sexual assault or rape in her lifetime, according to the National Institute of Justice and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. While more than half of female survivors of rape report symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), previous research has found that not all survivors respond to traditional treatments for PTSD, causing their symptoms to resurface over time. Abigail Rolbiecki, Ph.D., a researcher at the University of Missouri School of Medicine, says that photovoice interventions, where participants express their thoughts and feelings through photos, combined with traditional PTSD treatments, could result in a more complete recovery for survivors of sexual assault.

Medicine

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Cancer, Leukemia, Bone Marrow Transplants

Patrick Stiff, MD, Awarded Loyola's Stritch Medal

Patrick J. Stiff, MD, a world renowned cancer physician, researcher and teacher, has received the Stritch Medal, the highest honor given by Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine.

Science

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phenotyping, Genotype, Neurology, Autism, Schizophrenia, Disease Risk, C. Elegans, Hang Lu, sorting instrument, Algorithm, Computational Genetics

Secret Phenotypes: Disease Devils in Invisible Details

The human eye often falls short in the hunt for faint genetic drivers that raise the risk of devastating neurological diseases such as autism and schizophrenia. But little eludes a microscope optic attached to a computer, and algorythms that can relate previously hidden phenotypes to subtle genetic mutations. The computational screening developed by Georgia Tech researchers has the potential to reveal webs of genetic dangers that produce disease risk by compounding tiny traits that, when take alone, may appear trivial and harmless.

Business

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Cuba, Cuba embargo, travel to cuba, Fidel Castro, foreign direct investment, foreign direct investment in Cuba, Cuban-American diplomatic relations, easing of travel restrictions to Cuba , Cuban government, tourism in Cuba

What’s Next for U.S.-Cuba Business Relations? International Markets Specialist Discusses Possible Moves

Science

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Earth Science, Climate Change, Glacier, Antarctica, rift, Calving, Iceberg

West Antarctic Ice Shelf Breaking Up From the Inside Out

A key glacier in Antarctica is breaking apart from the inside out, suggesting that the ocean is weakening ice on the edges of the continent.

Science

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Stress, Learning, Memory, retrieval practice, Study Habits

Practice Testing Protects Memory Against Stress

Learning by taking practice tests, a strategy known as retrieval practice, can protect memory against the negative effects of stress, report scientists from Tufts University in a new study published in Science on Nov. 25.

Science

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Toronto rehabilitation institute, Toronto Rehab, rehabilitation research, university health network, UHN, Winter, winter footwear, winter boots, winter shoes, Canadian winter, Green Diamond, Arctic Vibrum, Toronto Public Health, footwear testing, slip resistant boots, slip resistance, slip resistance testing, consumer footwear, footwear research, Geoff Fernie, Winterlab, iDAPT, rate my treads

Researchers Discover Most Winter Boots Are Too Slippery to Walk Safely on Icy Surfaces

A team of researchers from the iDAPT labs at Toronto Rehabilitation Institute-University Health Network are dedicated to keeping Canadians safer this winter by offering evidence-based ratings on footwear that may reduce the risk of slips and falls on ice. The team has developed the first test of its kind in the world – the Maximum Achievable Angle (MAA) Testing Method – to validate slip resistant footwear on icy surfaces using real people in a simulated winter environment.

Medicine

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Duke Health, Duke University School of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Psychiatric Care, PTSD, Ptsd Therapy, Ptsd Treament, active duty, U.S. Military, STRONG STAR Consortium

Active-Duty Military Find PTSD Relief Through Individual Cognitive Therapy

Although both group and individual therapy can ease post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in active-duty military service members, individual therapy relieved PTSD symptoms better and quicker, according to a study led by a Duke University School of Medicine researcher. The randomized clinical trial is the largest to date to examine an evidence-based treatment for active-duty military service members, with 268 participants from the U.S. Army’s Fort Hood in Killeen, Texas. Findings will be published Nov. 23 in JAMA Psychiatry.

Science

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Football, Geology, seismic activity, Education, Earth Science

Shaking the ’Shoe: Fan Celebrations at Ohio State Football Games Register on a Seismic Scale

The Ohio State University doesn’t just make big plays—it measures exactly how big those plays are, and uses the data to teach students valuable lessons in science.







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