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Northwestern University, Obesity, Medical Students, Education

Obesity Is Barely Covered in Medical Students’ Licensing Exam

Obesity is one of the most significant threats to health in the U.S. and is responsible for the development of multiple serious medical problems such as diabetes, heart disease and some forms of cancer. Yet obesity is barely covered in medical training, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study. The licensing exams for graduating medical students have a surprisingly limited number of test items about obesity prevention and treatment.

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Mount Sinai Health System, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, graduate school of biomedical sciences, Gun Safety, Public Health

Mount Sinai Public Health Expert Joins ‘Call to Action’ on Gun Safety

Nils Hennig, MD, MPH, Director of the Graduate Program in Public Health at the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, and public health leaders from the nation’s top universities have authored an unprecedented call to action on gun safety, urging consensus-building rather than confrontation, which will be published in the American Journal of Public Health on Thursday, January 19.

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Life

Law and Public Policy

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maternity leave, paternity leave, parental leave

Number of Women Who Take Maternity Leave Has Stalled

The number of U.S. women taking maternity leave has not changed in 22 years despite factors that suggest it should be increasing, a new study found. During the same time, the number of fathers taking paternity leave more than tripled.

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Embargoed AJPH Research: Minimum Wage, Maternity Leave, Food Insecurity

In this month’s release, find new embargoed research about: impact of minimum wage on teen birth rates; trends in parental leave rates over 22-year period; and food insecurity and cardiovascular-related health outcomes among American Indians.

Medicine

Science

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Virus, Bacteria communication, Phages, Sorek

Viruses Overheard Talking to One Another

For the first time, viruses have been found to communicate with one another, leaving short “posts” for kin and descendants. The messages help the viruses reading them decide how to proceed with the process of infection, according to Weizmann Institute research.

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Cancer, Tumor, Cell Biology, Lung Cancer

Molecular Subgroups of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Predict Tumor Behavior, Reveal Treatment Targets

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EGFR mutations is associated with a longer median overall survival (almost double) compared with those without EGFR mutations when treated with specific targeted agents.

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Northwestern University, Alzheimer

Older Adults with Arthritis Need Just 45 Minutes of Activity Per Week

Older adults who suffer from arthritis need to keep moving to be functionally independent. But in an examination of a goal that is daunting for most of this aging population, a new Northwestern Medicine study found that performing even a third of the recommended activity is beneficial.

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Biology, Medicine & Health, Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Pathology, Nutrition, Pharmacology, Experimental Biology 2017

Press Registration Now Open for 2017 Experimental Biology Meeting

Press registration is now open for the 2017 Experimental Biology meeting (EB 2017) to be held April 22-26 in Chicago. With more than 14,000 attendees and thousands of scientific sessions, EB 2017 is a research bonanza you won’t want to miss.

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Wayne State University, NIH, Tinnitus, Otolaryngology

Wayne State University Research Team Develops New Diagnostic Tool to Identify Tinnitus in Animals

A team of researchers from Wayne State University has developed a behavioral tool that may significantly aid in understanding the underlying mechanisms of tinnitus, ultimately leading to new drugs and treatment methods.

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Restaurant Nutrition Labeling, Healthy Eating, Childhood Obesity, Nutrition & Children, Nutrition & kids, Healthy Habits

Children’s Menus Still Laden with Fat, Sodium, and Calories Despite Industry Pledges

Despite a 2011 pledge among United States chain restaurants to improve the nutritional value of children’s menu options, a new study finds no significant improvements have been made to cut calories, saturated fat, or sodium. The study is the first to look at trends in the nutrient content of kids’ meals among national restaurant chains since the National Restaurant Association launched the voluntary Kids LiveWell program in 2011. The study is published this week in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Breast Cancer, African-American Patients , Prognosis, Chemotherapy, Survival Rates, Recurrence, Tumors, Mortality, Racial Disparity

Breast Cancer Prognosis of African-American Patients May Improve with Administration of Chemotherapy Before Surgery, Study Finds

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Administering chemotherapy to African-American breast cancer patients prior to surgery could improve their prognosis and survival rates from the disease, according to a new study.

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Physical Therapy, Rehabiliation, Brain Tumor, Meningioma, Seizure, CARF Accreditation

Brain Tumor Survivor Moves Into Next Phase of Life Thanks to Rehab Experts

Physical therapist Jorge Neira is helping Ruben Arellano regain use of his arms and the ability to walk. Arellano had a baseball-sized tumor removed from his head. The two share successes and setbacks on the arduous road to recovery at Harris Health System's CARF-accredited hospital.

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Herpes Simplex Virus 2, vaccine candidates, PLoS Pathogens

New Genital Herpes Vaccine Candidate Provides Powerful Protection in Preclinical Tests

Approximately 500 million people around the world are infected with the genital herpes virus known as herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV2). A vaccine that could bring an end to this global pandemic is needed desperately, yet no candidate vaccine has ever performed well in clinical trials. Now scientists in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have shown that a new type of vaccine provides powerful protection in standard guinea pig and monkey models of HSV2 infection.

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Endocrine Society, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism , Endocrinology, Type 1 Diabetes, Microbiome, Microbiota, Intestinal Bacteria, Inflammation

Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Gut Inflammation, Bacteria Changes

People with Type 1 diabetes exhibit inflammation in the digestive tract and gut bacteria¬—a pattern that differs from individuals who do not have diabetes or those who have celiac disease, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Surgical Site Infection, surgical site infection rate

Surgical Site Infections Are the Most Common and Costly of Hospital Infections

The Journal of the American College of Surgeons has published updated guidelines for the prevention, detection and management of surgical site infections, which affect as many as 300,000 patients per year in the United States.

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discovery research, KRAS mutation, lung adenocarcinoma, Ribosomes

Mayo Researchers Identify Mechanism of Oncogene Action in Lung Cancer

Researchers at Mayo Clinic have identified a genetic promoter of cancer that drives a major form of lung cancer. In a new paper published this week in Cancer Cell, Mayo Clinic researchers provide genetic evidence that Ect2 drives lung adenocarcinoma tumor formation.

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Law and Public Policy

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disability rights, Human Rights

International Case Against Mexico Seeks Recognition of the Right to Community Integration for People with Disabilities Locked in Institutions

Disability Rights International (DRI) and the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law filed a case Wednesday with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) for the egregious human rights violations against 37 persons with disabilities who were detained at the 'Casa Esperanza' institution in Mexico City, Mexico.

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Science

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Biology, Cancer, Protein, Lipid, Fat, Stem Cells, Molecular Biology, Chemistry, waxes, triacylglycerols, Aging, Senescent

As Cells Age, the Fat Content Within Them Shifts

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As cells age and stop dividing, their fat content changes, along with the way they produce and break down fat and other molecules classified as lipids. By providing broad insights into the connection between lipids and cellular aging, the findings open the door for additional research that could one day support the development of lipid-based approaches to preventing cell death or hastening it in cancerous tumors.

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New TSRI Method Could Turbocharge Drug Discovery, Protein Research

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A team led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) has developed a versatile new method that should enhance the discovery of new drugs and the study of proteins.

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In Alzheimer’s, Excess Tau Protein Damages Brain’s GPS

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Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center have linked excess tau protein in the brain to the spatial disorientation that leads to wandering in many Alzheimer's disease patients. The findings, in mice, could lead to early diagnostic tests for Alzheimer's and point to treatments for this common and troubling symptom.







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