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Autonomous Vehicles, driverless cars, waymo vehicles, ethics of autonomous vehicles, the moral machine

Expert on the Ethics That Drive Decisions by Autonomous Vehicles

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SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, SSRL, Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, lightsource, Materials Science, X-ray science, Magnetism, Electricity, X-ray imaging

Sketching Out Magnetism With Electricity

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In a proof-of-concept study published in Nature Physics, researchers drew magnetic squares in a nonmagnetic material with an electrified pen and then “read” this magnetic doodle with X-rays.

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Missouri University of Science and Technology, ants, Biology, Society, Insects

Ants Need Work-Life Balance, Research Suggests

The work habits of ants could provide valuable insight into making our societies more productive and sustainable, says a team of Missouri S&T researchers.

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Earthquakes, Tonga Trench, hydrous minerals, wastewater injection, intermediate-depth earthquakes

Release of Water Shakes Pacific Plate at Depth

A team of seismologists analyzing the data from 671 earthquakes that occurred between 30 and 280 miles beneath the Earth's surface in the Pacific Plate as it descended into the Tonga Trench were surprised to find a zone of intense earthquake activity in the downgoing slab. The pattern of the activity along the slab provided strong evidence that the earthquakes are sparked by the release of water at depth.

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Climate Change, Climate, Global Warming, Carbon, Carbon Emissions, carbon dioxide emissions, social cost of carbon, Environment, Fossil Fuels, fossil fuel emissions, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine , National, National Academies, Economics, economic damage, Science, Ecosystems, Ecology, Earth, Regulations, benefit-cost analysis, Paris Climate Agreement, paris agreement, Economy, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Rutgers, Rutgers University, New Jersey, NJ

Tallying the Social Cost of Climate-Changing Carbon Dioxide

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A National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine committee today released a report aimed at ensuring that estimates of the social cost of carbon dioxide used by the U.S. government keep reflecting state-of-the-art science and evidence. Rutgers Today asked committee member Robert E. Kopp, an associate professor in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Rutgers, to discuss the topic.

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GOLD, Platinum, nano, Nanoscience, Advanced Light Source, Infrared, Spectroscopy, Catalysis, Catalyst, Chemistry, Chemical Reaction, Surface Chemistry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley Lab, LBNL, Berkeley, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, UC Berkeley, University of California, Berkeley, Synchrotron

Chemistry on the Edge: Study Pinpoints Most Active Areas of Reactions on Nanoscale Particles

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Defects and jagged surfaces at the edges of nanosized platinum and gold particles are key hot spots for chemical reactivity, researchers confirmed using a unique infrared probe at Berkeley Lab.

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Growing More Nutritional Strawberries in Kansas, Help for Eating Disorder Patients, Hot Weather Not to Blame for Salmonella on Egg Farms, and More in the Food Science News Source

Click here to go to the Food Science News Source

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Climate Change, soil, Carbon, Austrailia

Changing Climate Changes Soils

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In a new study, researchers used digital techniques to predict how one vital soil characteristic, soil organic carbon, may be altered by climate change.

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self-driving cars, Autonomous Driving , Waymo, Self-driving Minivans, Automotive, Ethics, Public Policy

Expert on the Ethics of Autonomous Vehicles Available for Comment on Stories, Including Those About Self-Driving Car Startup Waymo

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GOLD, Basic Energy Sciences, Biological and Environmental Research, biological and environmental sciences, Nanoscience, Nanoparticles, Nanoparticle, nanoparticle gold, Light, Emsl, Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Catalyst, Catalysts, Catalysis, Nature Materials, polyvinylpyrrolidone, Industry, medical advances, medical advancement, Medical Advancements, University Of Florida, University of Florida (UF), plasmons, plasmond, nanoprism, material synthesis, Center for Functional Nanomaterials

Light Strikes Gold

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While scientists have used light to sculpt tiny crystals to do big jobs since 2001, they haven't been able to apply the process to gold—until now. Scientists created a strategy that enables synthesis of desirable gold crystals with potential for industry or medical uses.

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UF/IFAS Researchers Show Potential Market for Locally Grown Asian Vegetables

Asian-Americans in three East Coast states, including Florida, yearn for more of their native vegetables, and those crops can be grown in the East, say two University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences researchers.

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Top 10, Science Advances, Nuclear Physics, Materials Science, Nanoscience, Biofuels, Catalysts, Computing, Energy

Brookhaven National Laboratory's Top-10 Science Successes of 2016

From advances in accelerators and experiments exploring the building blocks of matter and making medical isotopes to new revelations about superconductors, nanomaterials, and biofuels, 2016 was a year of accomplishment at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory. Here are our Top-10 highlights.

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Water, Basic Energy Sciences, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Chemistry, NERSC, National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, PNNL, Protons, Acids, Batteries, Power Plants, environmental cleanup, environmental remediation, Cleanup, Remediation, remediation of spills, atomic structure, Proton, hydrophobic water, Hydrophobic, Hydrophobicity

Surrounded by Water

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Whether producing new types of power or cleaning old waste sites, the reaction between water and positively charged particles from acids is crucial. To gain insight, scientists isolated certain structures of a proton being surrounded by an increasing number of water molecules.

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Basic Energy Sciences, single crystal, Crystals, Crystal, Lehigh University, Material Science, material sciences, Materials Science, materials sciences, Chalcogenides, Crystalline Structure, Atoms, atomic sculpting, Solar Cell, solar cell development, solar panel, Solar Panels, cut glass, Fabrication, Superconductor, Superconductors

Not Your Typical “Cut Glass Crystal”

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With a new approach, scientists can fabricate single crystals of compositions that are unstable at the high temperatures. The team’s process is simple and low cost. It enables fabrication of complex shapes with single crystals. These shapes could enable new materials for solar cell devices or other uses.

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Nuclear Physics, Physics, Positrons, Positron, Physical Review Letters , International Collaboration, Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Electrons, Electron, Photons, polarized protons, Proton Beam, Manufacturing, manufacturing innovation, Electron Beam, Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility, Accelerators, polarized electrons for polarized positrons, Experiments

Polarized Partners: Spinning Electrons Yield Spinning Positrons

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A new technique could allow the exploitation of polarized positron beams for a range of uses, including improved product manufacturing.

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Nuclear Physics, Physics, Helium, helium 4, helium ion, Argonne National Laboratory, ATLAS facility, Hydrogen, Standard Model, Standard Model of Particle Physics, Standard Model of physics, Nuclear Science, istopes, ultracold experiments, Neutrons, Neutron, Physical Review C, Isotopes, Isotope, isotope purity, Purity, material purity

Helium: When You Must Be Sure It’s Ultra-Pure

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Scientists need ultra-pure helium for a wide range of experiments. Researchers demonstrated an approach that reaches a level of precision several orders of magnitude beyond that of any other technique.

Medicine

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Marijuana Use, Alcohol Use Disorder, alcohol use disorder development, Adolescents, young adult, high risk families, peer influence, parental influence, maternal alcohol use

Legal or Not, Marijuana Can Increase the Risk of Developing Alcohol Use Disorders

Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) develop with time and in stages. Following the initiation of drinking, some people progress to problem drinking, and then develop a “cluster” of specific problems to comprise an AUD. However, not all stages of AUD development have been studied equally. This report examines high-risk families to understand underlying influences across multiple stages of AUD development.

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Poaching

News From WCS: A New Year’s Arrest of Poachers Adds Yet Another Reason for Alarm

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WCS reports that a poaching gang recently arrested for shooting wildlife in a well-known tiger reserve consisted of software engineers, environmental consultants, wealthy coffee planters, and a leading member of the Rifle Association of Karnataka State. Conservationists say the incident is particularly disturbing because the group consisted mostly of affluent and well-educated men.

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gravity waves, Gravity, LIGO, LIGO Scientific Collaboration, UAH, Black Hole, Einstein, Relativity, glitches, algorithim, Crowdsourcing, Supernova

Researchers Turn to “Citizen Scientists” for Help Identifying Gravitational Waves

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Dr. Tyson Littenberg, a research astrophysicist at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center and an adjunct professor in the Department of Space Science at The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH), is among a team of researchers who have launched "Gravity Spy," a crowdsourcing platform that tasks volunteer citizen scientists with sifting through LIGO data and identifying “families” of glitches that can be sorted by machine-learning algorithms.

Medicine

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Plus-Sized Fly: A Model to Understand the Mechanisms Underlying Human Obesity

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The fly sheds light on how the brain acts to signal 'fullness' and the possibility of conferring resilience against the impact of high-fat diets







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