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EDCs, Endocrine Disruptors, Phthalates, Europe, European Union, Denmark, European Chemicals Agency, plasticiers, Health, Human Health, Consumers, Environment

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Chemicals Recognised as Human Endocrine Disruptors by EU

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For the first, the EU has identified four chemical compounds as being of concern to human health because of their endocrine disrupting properties

Science

Business

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Cosmic Rays, Consumer Electronics, Transistor, Integrated Circuits, Semiconductor Industry, Microelectronics, Failure Analysis

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Alien Particles From Outer Space Are Wreaking Low-Grade Havoc on Personal Electronic Devices

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Alien subatomic particles raining down from outer space are wreaking low-grade havoc on your smartphones, computers and other personal electronic devices.

Science

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Lemur, Lemurs, Facial Recognition, Biometrics, lemurID, Madagascar, Anil Jain, Michigan State University

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Can Facial Recognition Systems Help Save Lemurs?

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Michigan State University’s Anil Jain adapted his human facial recognition system to create LemurFaceID, the first computer facial recognition system for lemurs. Once optimized, LemurFaceID can assist with long-term research of the endangered species.

Science

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University Of Texas At El Paso, cSETR, United Launch Alliance, Space, CubeCorps, Cubesat

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UTEP and Local High School Students Win United Launch Alliance CubeSat Competition

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Students from the NASA MIRO Center for Space Exploration and Technology Research, or cSETR, at The University of Texas at El Paso have been selected as first place winners of the United Launch Alliance (ULA) CubeSat launch competition, known as CubeCorps. Their project, Orbital Factory II (OF2), will be launched on board the Atlas V rocket and placed into an elliptical orbit approximately 26,000 miles above Earth’s center. ULA President and CEO Tory Bruno traveled to El Paso and made the announcement Thursday, Feb. 16, 2017 on the UTEP campus.

Medicine

Science

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economic cost

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Variability in Local Costs of Substance Abuse Across California

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The average news consumer might be surprised to learn that the economic costs of alcohol abuse far exceed those related to illegal drug use. In California, alcohol abuse cost $129 billion in 2010, $3,450 per California resident. That was almost three times the $44 billion bill for illicit drug use. The largest cost contributors were mortality, impaired driving, and violence. The costs varied greatly from city to city and county to county.

Science

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Scarcity of Resources Led to Violence in Prehistoric Central California

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A longtime Cal Poly Pomona anthropology professor who studies violence among prehistoric people in California has been published in a prestigious journal.

Science

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SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, LCLS , Linac Coherent Light Source, structural molecular biology, X-ray science, X-ray Crystallogaphy, lightsource

Protein Structure Solved From Smallest Crystals Yet

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An international team of scientists used an X-ray laser at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to determine the structure of an insect virus’s crystalline protein “cocoon.”

Science

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Biomedical Engineering, Food, Digestion, Food Additive, Small Intestine, Intestines, body, Health, Candy, gum, Titanium Dioxide, Nutrients, Cells, Meals, Eating, Metabolism, Diet, Nanoparticles, Digestive System, Toothpaste, milk, Binghamton, Binghamton University, SUNY Binghamton, State University of New York at Binghamton

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Food Additive Found in Candy, Chewing Gum Could Alter Digestive Cell Structure and Function

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The ability of small intestine cells to absorb nutrients and act as a barrier to pathogens is “significantly decreased” after chronic exposure to nanoparticles of titanium dioxide, a common food additive found in everything from chewing gum to bread, according to research from Binghamton University

Science

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Tissue Engineering, Nervous System, Intestinal, Diabetes

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Researchers Engineer Intestinal Tissue with Functioning Nervous System

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For the first time, NIH-funded researchers have used stem cells to grow intestinal tissues with a functioning nervous system. The advance creates new opportunities for studying intestinal diseases, nutritional health, and diabetes. It also brings researchers one step closer to growing patient-specific human intestines for transplant.

Science

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Government of Nigeria Drops Buffer Zone for Superhighway Project but More Must Be Done to Protect Communities and Wildlife

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The Cross River State government’s announcement yesterday to drop a 12-mile buffer around a proposed superhighway though one of Nigeria’s last rainforests is still not enough to prevent the loss of important community forests and significant impacts to the region’s wildlife if the project moves forward, according to WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and its campaign effort to reroute the project entirely.

Science

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Pollution, Environment, Health, seagrass, Seaweed

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Underwater Seagrass Beds Dial Back Polluted Seawater

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Seagrass meadows – bountiful underwater gardens that nestle close to shore and are the most common coastal ecosystem on Earth – can reduce bacterial exposure for corals, other sea creatures and humans.

Science

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Agricultural, Mad Cow Disease, cow, Rural, UK, Model, Policy, Vaccination, University of Warwick, Life Sciences, Biology, Disease, Infection

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Foot-and-Mouth Crises to Be Averted with Vaccination Strategy

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Future outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) can be controlled effectively and quickly with vaccinations – saving millions of pounds and hundreds of thousands of livestock – according to research by the University of Warwick.

Science

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Cell Biology, fish, Zebrafish, Development, Immune System, Macrophage, Cell Migration, tissue development, cell communication

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Immune Cell Serves as an Essential Communications Link for Migrating Cells

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Scientists at the University of Washington have discovered that macrophages, a common type of cell in the vertebrate immune system, can transmit messages between non-immune cells. Their paper, published online Feb. 16 in the journal Science, is the first reported instance of macrophages relaying messages over a long distance between non-immune cells.

Science

Channels:

Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria, Superbugs, cellular division, Biochemistry, Bacteriology, fluorescent d-amino acids, Medicine, Health, Biology, Chemistry

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Indiana University Research: Rainbow Dyes Add Greater Precision in Fight Against 'Superbugs'

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A study reported Jan. 17 in the journal Science led by researchers at Indiana University and Harvard University is the first to reveal in extreme detail the operation of the biochemical clockwork that drives cellular division in bacteria. It is an important step forward in research on bacterial growth and could inform efforts to develop drugs that combat antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

Science

Channels:

Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Zoology

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Biochemical Tricks of the Hibernating Bear

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Winter is in full swing, and many of us have fantasized about curling up in a warm cave and slumbering until the warmth of spring arrives, just like a bear. Bears have the ability to sleep away the harsh winter months when food is scarce. They can spend five to seven months in hibernation. During this time, bears do not eat, drink, excrete or exercise. Despite the length of inactivity, bears do not experience bone loss, muscle loss, heart complications or blood clots like humans do during extended bouts of inactivity.

Science

Channels:

Wheat, wheat production, wheat consumption, wheat facts, iwgsc

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A Few Facts About Wheat

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This infographic presents key facts about wheat: production, cultivation, consumption, export value.

Science

Channels:

Biology, Evolution, Ecology and Environment, Pollution

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'Resurrecting' Tiny Lake-Dwelling Animals to Study Evolutionary Responses to Pollution

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A University of Michigan biologist combined the techniques of "resurrection ecology" with the study of dated lake sediments to examine evolutionary responses to heavy-metal contamination over the past 75 years.

Science

Channels:

soil, SNOW, thawing, Water

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Snow and Soil in Cooperation

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Snow is fun for sledding and skiing, but what is its role in soil protection? The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) February 15 Soils Matter blog post explains the crucial role of snow for healthy soils.

Science

Channels:

Big Data, analytic tools, Software architecture, Software, Metric, Computer Science

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Is Your Big Data Messy? We’re Making an App for That

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Vizier, software under development by a University at Buffalo-led research team, aims to proactively catch big data errors. The project, backed by a $2.7 million National Science Foundation grant, launched in January. Like Excel, Vizier will allow users to explore, clean, curate and visualize data in meaningful ways, as well as spot errors and offer solutions. But unlike spreadsheet software, Vizier is intended for much larger datasets; i.e., millions or billions of data points.

Science

Channels:

Mercury, Ecosystem, Alaska, Harlequin Duck

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Scientists Find Evidence of Alaskan Ecosystem Health in Harlequin Ducks

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A new study led by researchers from Biodiversity Research Institute (BRI) shows that Harlequin Ducks in coastal areas of Alaska’s Kodiak and Unalaska islands are exposed to environmental sources of mercury and that mercury concentrations in their blood are associated with their local food source, mainly blue mussels.







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