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Medicine

Disease, Control, Twins, Cigarettes, Children, Virus, Viral, Spumavirus

Briefs from Feb. 14 CDC Journal, MMWR

Articles synopsized below will appear in the Feb. 14 Edition of "Morbidity And Mortality Weekly Report," published by the U.S Centers For Disease Control And Prevention (CDC). 1) State-Specific Variation in Rates of Twin Births--United States, 1992-1994; 2) Ingestion of Cigarettes and Cigarette Butts by Children--Rhode Island, Jan 1994-Jul 1996; 3) Nonhuman Primate Spumavirus Infections Among Persons with Occupational Exposure--U.S., 1996

Medicine

Genetics, Taste, Marker, Bitter, Cancer, risk, Taste, Sensitivity

Super-tasters and cancer

Super-tasters---people with a genetically inherited sensitivity to bitter or sharp tastes---may avoid tart vegetables and fruits that contain cancer preventive coupounds, says University of Michigan researcher. Prof. Adam Drewnowski presented his study Sunday (Feb.16) at the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Science

Astronomy, Astrophysics, Universe, Stars, Cosmology, Hubble

Estimated Ages of Oldest Stars Probably Won't Fall Below 15 Billion Years

Are the oldest stars in the galaxy more ancient than the universe itself? That's the embarrassing conundrum facing astronomers today. At the AAAS meeting in Seattle, astronomer Michael Bolte will discuss solid evidence that stellar ages won't fall below 15 billion years.

Medicine

Antioxidant, Oxidants, Supplements, free, Radicals, Vitamin, Alpha, Lipoic, Acid

Conference to highlight newest antioxidant research

Top researchers to present new evidence showing antioxidant supplements prevent disease and may slow aging. Conference featuring more than 50 scientists to be held in Santa Barbara, CA, Feb. 26-March 1.

Medicine

Child, Adolescent, Health, Pediatrics, Family, Violence, Injuries

Children No Strangers to Family Violence

A study of family violence found that children are often injured during fights between parents, extended family members and even family friends.

Medicine

Child, Adolescent, Health, Pediatrics, Religion

Religious Objections To Medical Care

A new policy from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) states that no child should be denied access to medical care based on a parents religious beliefs.

Medicine

Child, Adolescent, Health, Pediatrics, Drugs, Label, Pharmaceutical, Prescription

Mandatory Pharmaceutical Labeling Recommended

The American Academy of Pediatrics has issued a revised policy recommending mandatory labeling of inactive ingredients on prescription and over-the-counter pharmaceutical products.

Medicine

Helicobacter, Pylori, Dyspepsia, Idiopathic, Thrombocytopenic, Purpura

Annals of Internal Medicine Tips for 2/15/97

1) Treating Patients with Dyspepsia Who are Seropositive for Helicobacter pylori; 2) Practice Guidelines for Managing Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

Science

Los, Alamos, Computer, Technology, Quantum, Physics

Catching Bugs In Quantum Computers

Los Alamos researchers have devised a scheme and algorithms to correct errors in quamtum computers, proposed machines that would manipulate the quantum states of individual atoms to perform calculations.

Science

Hubble, Micro Chip, Shuttle, Space, Encoder

UNM Micro-chip at Heart of Hubble Upgrade

A micro-chip designed at the University of New Mexico's Microelectronics Research Center is at the heart of an upgrade unit being installed on the hubble Space Telescope next week.

Medicine

Spinal, Fusion, Sponge, Protein, Growth, Factor, Surgery

UW Surgeon Pioneers Spinal Fusion Technique

In what is believed to be the first clinical trial of its kind in the United States, a spine surgeon at University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics has begun using protein-saturated sponges placed in a patient's spine to replace the disc removed during fusion surgery. The sponge contains bone growth factor, a substance expected to produce bone that will complete the fusion -- and eliminate the need to take bone from the patient's body to replace the disc.

Science

Cosmic, Voyage, Oscar, Stormchasers, Awards

Oscar Recognizes NSF-Supported Films

The Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences has nominated two documentary films produced with support from the National Science Foundation for an Academy Award.

Medicine

Twins, Laser, Surgery, Placenta, TWIN, Transfusion, Syndrome

Pioneering Surgery Saves Twins

A condition once considered hopeless for 6,000 twin babies each year in the United States is now being treated with a new, pioneering laser surgical procedure at the University of Illinois at Chicago Medical Center.

Science

Engineering, Multimedia, Computer, Science, Computing, Communication

Making The Multimedia Future A Reality

In the next century, a personal computer could know from the inflection in your voice -- or by a smile or frown -- what you want it to do. Basic research in multimedia technology funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) is moving us much closer to that reality.

Science

Earthquakes, USGS, China, Indonesia, Seismology

Biggest Earthquakes Of '96 Rattle China, Indonesia

China and Indonesia suffered the deadliest and most destructive earthquakes in 1996, while the U.S. remained relatively quiet according to scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior. The last deadly earthquake in the U.S. was the 1994 Northridge, Calif., quake that took 60 lives.

Science

Physics, Symmetry, Supersymmetry, Particles

Symmetry at its Smallest

Symmetries are evident everywhere in nature, even at the smallest scales of subatomic particles. At the AAAS meeting in Seattle, physicist Michael Dine will describe the latest work toward a theory of supersymmetry, which could round out the Standard Model of particle physics.

Medicine

Preventive, Counseling, Cadiovascular, Disease, Mortality, Morbidity

AHA comments on report: Missed Opportunities in Preventive Counseling for Cardiovascular Disease

Results of a survey, published in the Feb. 13 issue of the Mortality and Morbidity Weekly Report (MMWR), indicate that few physicians counseled patients about how physical activity, diet and weight reduction can help reduce an individual's risk of cardiovascular diseases, such as heart attack and stroke, which are the country's leading causes of death.

Science

Biodiversity, Climate, Change, Paleontology, Earth, USGS

Global Climate Change Reduces Variety of Life

A half-million-year record of some deep-water cousins of crabs called ostracodes provides some of the strongest evidence yet that global climate change can reduce the variety of life forms on Earth, according to a report released Thursday (Feb. 13, 1997).

Medicine

Surgery, Pediatrics, Infant, Child, Adolescent, Health, Sleep

Surgery Unnecessary to Treat Flat Head

The vast majority of children with a flattened back or side of the head can be treated effectively by nonsurgical means, such as a helmet, and by alternating infant head position during sleep.

Science

MARS, Meteorite, Carbonates

Mars-Rock Still Points Toward Past Life

ATHENS, Ga. -- Last August, a group of scientists stunned the scientific world with evidence that life may have once existed on Mars. Their analysis of a Martian meterorite concluded that microscopic life may have been the source of "apparent" fossils it held. In the six months since then, several studies have questioned their interpretations. In a speech today (SATURDAY, 2/15, EMBARGOED) at the annual meeting of the AAAS, a key researcher in the original project called dismissals of the claims entirely premature.







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