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Medicine

New, Combination, Vaccine, for, HIB, and, Hepatitis

New combination vaccine for Hib and Hepatitis B may reduce number of childhood shots needed

Newly revised government recommendations for immunizing infants against serious childhood diseases create new options and decisions for many parents and physicians. Now, a newly-available combination vaccine from Merck & Co., Inc., COMVAX, offers a unique choice that may reduce the number of total injections required in the first 18 months of life from as many as 15 to as few as 11.

Medicine

Schizophrenia, Genetics, Nicotine, Smoking

Schizophrenia Gene Is Nicotine Receptor

A team of researchers, led by a University of Colorado Health Sciences Center/Denver Veteran's Affairs Medical Center professor, has pinpointed a gene that carries significant risk for schizophrenia, a devastating mental illness that affects some 4 million Americans. The new findings also may explain why 80 percent of schizophrenics are heavy smokers.

Medicine

drug, Reactions, Hospitals, Adverse, Events

Drug Reactions Harming Hospital Patients

In a new three-year study published in Wednesday's issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association, researchers from Intermountain Health Care's LDS Hospital found that adverse drug reactions - on average - prolong hospitalizations by nearly two days, cost $2,262 each to treat, and almost double the risk of death for patients.

Medicine

ACS, Lifesce, Meical, Health, Smoking, Chemistry

Smoke Clears In Medical Mystery--Beta-Carotene

Like beta-carotene, antioxidants such as vitamins C and E are thought to prevent cancer and other diseases. But researchers have been puzzled by the apparent link between beta-carotene and an increased risk of lung cancer in heavy smokers, as reported recently in the New England Journal of Medicine. Research to be published in the Jan. 22 issue of the Journal of the American Chemical Society appears to clear up this mystery.

Medicine

ACS, Lifesci, Medical, Health, Estrogen, Chemistry

Better Than Estrogen

Women who take estrogen-replacement therapy after menopause often also take progestin to avoid an increased risk of endometrial cancer. But progestin itself has a number of side-effects, including resumption of menses and central nervous system disturbances. And estrogen replacement therapy is also associated with increased breast cancer risk, according to Dr. Timothy Grese of Eli Lilly and Co. in Indianapolis.

Medicine

ACS, Lifesci, Medical, Nutrition, Health, Chemistry

Where has All the Iron Gone?

Americans who avoid red meat may not be getting enough iron in their diet, according to research reported in the January issue of the American Chemical Society's Journal of Agricultural & Food Chemistry, due to be published on Jan. 20.

Science

Medicine

Groundhog, Woodchuck, Endocrinology, Seasonal, Cycles, Rhythms, Cornell, Veterinary, Medicine, Reproduction

Groundhog Season Cycles Apply To Human Medicine

An endocrinologist and reproductive in Cornell University's College of Veterinary Medicine, has been studying the dramatic seasonal cycles that profoundly alter the groundhog's reproductive activity, food intake, basal metabolism, body fat and total body weight from season to season. Groundhogs have more dramatic annual biological rhythms than nearly all other mammals and may provide key clues into better understanding cancer and cancer treatment, blood cell functions, brain activity and mental health.

Medicine

Cancer, Breast, Ovarian, Genetics, Testing, Counseling

Education And Counseling On Brca1 Cancer Gene

-Researchers at Georgetown University Medical Center have found that education plus counseling was more effective than stand-alone education in increasing understanding about the potential benefits, limitations, and risks of BRCA1 gene testing. However, neither intervention changed the intent to be tested within the study of approximately 400 women interviewed, according to the research report in the Jan. 15 Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Medicine

Pharmaceutical Companies, Innovation, New Drug Approvals, Asthma, Intellectual Property

Drug Industry, Record Spending on R&D in 97

Research-based pharmaceutical companies will invest a record $18.9 billion in research and development in 1997, and increase of 11.5 percent from 1996, a new PhRMA survey shows.

Medicine

Johns, Hopkins, Medicine, Alcohol, Bicycling, Helmets, Cyclists, Death

Alcohol in Bicycling Injuries And Deaths

In a government-supported study of more than 300 fatal and non-fatal bicycle accidents, Johns Hopkins researchers found that alcohol was a factor in at least a third of the deaths.







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