Friday 29-Jul-2016

Recent Research

Study: Indian Pedestrian and Motorcycle Deaths Likely Much Higher Than Government Statistics Suggest

Official government statistics on traffic deaths in southwest India significantly misrepresented the number of pedestrian and motorcycle deaths in the region over a two-year period, casting doubt on the reliability of that country’s government data on traffic fatalities, a study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health suggests.

–Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health|2016-07-28

Glaucoma and Driving Ability


Safe driving requires clear central vision and adequate peripheral vision. Glaucoma typically leads to constriction of the visual field, sparing the central vision.

–Glaucoma Research Foundation|2016-07-28

Battery500 Consortium to Spark EV Innovations


The PNNL-led Battery500 consortium aims to significantly improve upon the batteries that power today’s electric vehicles by nearly tripling the specific energy in lithium batteries.

–Pacific Northwest National Laboratory|2016-07-27

Study: Car Sharing Stalls Under Tax Burdens, Competition


Researchers at DePaul University found that car rental taxes originally aimed at tourists and business travelers are hurting the car-sharing sector.

–DePaul University|2016-07-22

'Green' Energy From Garden Grass, Mars Rover's Laser Can Now Target Rocks All by Itself, World's Most Sensitive Dark Matter Detector Completes Search, and More in the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP

Click here to go directly to the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP.

– Newswise|2016-07-22

In the News: Drivers Frustrated by Lane Merge Method


It’s called “zipper merge,” and more and more transportation departments around the country are encouraging motorists to use it, according to an Associated Press report by Bill Draper. That’s when a driving lane is closed ahead, and motorists use all available lanes and alternate entry into the open lane when they reach the lane closure. Missouri and Kansas have recently joined Minnesota and Washington in encouraging use of the “zipper merge.”

–SUNY Buffalo State|2016-07-22

U-Michigan Solar Car to Defend Title in Race Through National Parks

On a route through some of the nation’s most wild and scenic places, the University of Michigan Solar Car Team hopes to bring back its sixth consecutive victory in the American Solar Challenge.

–University of Michigan |2016-07-20

Behavioral Scientists Help Ontario Save Money Through More Online License Plate Renewals


Toronto - As tedious as waiting in a government services line-up can be, that's what most people do, despite having the option of getting their business done online.

–University of Toronto, Joseph L. Rotman School of Management|2016-07-20

Cougars Could Save Lives by Lowering Vehicle Collisions with Deer

A team of researchers has found that within 30 years of cougars recolonizing the Eastern U.S., large cats could thin deer populations and reduce vehicle collisions by 22 percent — each year preventing five human fatalities, 680 injuries and avoiding costs of $50 million.

–University of Washington|2016-07-14

Driving Ability of People with Cognitive Impairment Difficult to Assess: Research Review

No single assessment tool is able to consistently determine driving ability in people with Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment, a St. Michael's Hospital research review has found.

–St. Michael's Hospital|2016-07-12

Saving Racecar Drivers’ Lives


The authors recount how Dr. Robert Hubbard, a biomechanical crash engineer, and his brother-in-law, Jim Downing, a racecar driver, joined forces to create the HANS® device, which was designed to prevent the occurrence of shear injuries between the head and neck during high-impact crashes.

–Journal of Neurosurgery|2016-07-12

Driving, Dementia – Assessing Safe Driving in High-Risk Older Adults


Driving is a very complex process. Today, almost half of all drivers on the roadways are over the age of 65. With the decline of cognitive processes in older adults such as Alzheimer’s disease, there is heightened concern for public safety and unsafe driving in this population. Understanding the cognitive factors that inhibit effective driving as well as recognizing older adults who may be at risk for unsafe driving is key.

–Florida Atlantic University|2016-07-06

Think Talking on Your Hands-Free While Driving Is Safe? Think Again, Says New Research


Driving while talking on a hands-free phone can be as distracting as talking on a hand-held mobile, psychologists at the University of Sussex say.

–University of Sussex|2016-07-01

Technique From Biology Helps Explain the Evolution of the American Car


UCLA-led team of researchers has taken a unique approach to explain the way in which technologies evolve in modern society. Borrowing a technique that biologists might use to study the evolution of plants or animals, the scientists plotted the “births” and “deaths” of every American-made car and truck model from 1896 to 2014.

–University of California Los Angeles UCLA|2016-07-01

Black, Hispanic Drivers Stopped Most Often, White Drivers Most Likely to Have Contraband

A new study analyzing traffic stops in Vermont between 2010 and 2015 shows that black and Hispanic drivers are pulled over, searched and arrested far more often than whites, yet white drivers are more likely to be found carrying illegal contraband.

–University of Vermont|2016-07-01

Notre Dame Expert: Tesla Driverless Car Death Not Surprising, Expect More

Timothy CaroneElectric car maker Tesla Motors revealed Thursday (June 30) that federal regulators are investigating its autopilot software after a fatal crash involving a semitrailer. The U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration opened the investigation after a man was killed May 7 in Williston, Florida, while driving a Model S with the self-driving mode engaged.

–University of Notre Dame|2016-07-01

Car Ownership Has the Biggest Influence Over How Much Londoners Exercise While Traveling

Oxford, June 28, 2016 - Owning a car or bicycle has the strongest influence on how much active travel a Londoner engages in. Car ownership leaves them two to three times less likely to travel actively. And in Outer London, simply owning a bicycle makes you more likely to get 30 minutes of active travel in, even if you have not used it recently. These findings, published in a study in the Journal of Transport & Health, will help policymakers better target interventions to promote active travel.


‘Squishy’ Motors and Wheels Give Soft Robots a New Ride


A small, squishy vehicle equipped with soft wheels rolls over rough terrain and runs under water. Future versions of the versatile vehicle might be suitable for search and rescue missions after disasters, deep space and planet exploration, and manipulating objects during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), according to its creators at Rutgers University. Their most important innovation is a soft motor that provides torque without bending or extending its housing.

–Rutgers University|2016-06-28

WVU Experts Available to Discuss the Volkswagen Class-Action Settlement

–West Virginia University|2016-06-28

$10.2 Billion Environmental Fine Clears Cloud Hanging Over Volkswagen

–Cornell University|2016-06-23

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