Thursday 25-Aug-2016

Recent Research

Funneling Fundamental Particles, Neutrino Experiments, Physicists Discover 'Apparent Departure From the Laws of Thermodynamics', and More in the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP

Click here to go directly to the Physics News Source Sponsored by AIP.

– Newswise|2016-08-24

Driving on Instinct: Self-Driving Vehicles Are Making Inroads


–Kennesaw State University|2016-08-23

New Class of Fuel Cells Offer Increased Flexibility, Lower Cost


A new class of fuel cells based on a newly discovered polymer-based material could bridge the gap between the operating temperature ranges of two existing types of polymer fuel cells, a breakthrough with the potential to accelerate the commercialization of low-cost fuel cells for automotive and stationary applications.

–Los Alamos National Laboratory|2016-08-23

New Technology May Give Electric Car Drivers More Miles Per Minute of Charging


Researchers have designed a thin plastic membrane that stops rechargeable batteries from discharging when not in use and allows for rapid recharging. It could find applications in high powered “supercapacitors” for electric cars and even help prevent the kinds of fires that plagued some models of hoverboards recently.

–Ohio State University|2016-08-23

“Ideal” Energy Storage Material for Electric Vehicles Developed


The goal of a polymer dielectric material with high energy density, high power density and excellent charge-discharge efficiency for electric and hybrid vehicle use has been achieved by a team of Penn State materials scientists.

–Penn State Materials Research Institute|2016-08-22

How Cars Could Meet Future Emissions Standards: Focus on Cold Starts

Car emissions is a high-stakes issue, as last year’s Volkswagen scandal demonstrated. Pressure to meet tightening standards led the carmaker to cheat on emissions tests. But wrongdoing aside, how are automakers going to realistically meet future, tougher emissions requirements to reduce their impact on the climate? Researchers report today that a vehicle’s cold start — at least in gasoline-powered cars — is the best target for future design changes.

–American Chemical Society (ACS)|2016-08-22

Cybersecurity Student Researches How to Keep Cars Safe From Hacking


Zachary King spent the summer researching how to keep cars safe from cyberattacks during an intensive eight-week cybersecurity summer research program at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock.

–University of Arkansas at Little Rock|2016-08-19

Chinese Delegation Visits Argonne for Vehicle Research Project Meeting


More than 100 researchers from the U.S. and China met at the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Argonne National Laboratory to begin a new phase of collaboration on development of technologies to enhance vehicle efficiency in the two countries. Argonne is leading the U.S-China Clean Energy Research Center (CERC) Clean Vehicles Consortium (CVC).

–Argonne National Laboratory|2016-08-16

Cheaper, More Powerful Electric Car Batteries Are on the Horizon


The White House recently announced the creation of the Battery500 Consortium, a multidisciplinary group led by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and working to reduce the cost of vehicle battery technologies. The Battery500 Consortium will receive an award of up to $10 million per year for five years to drive progress on DOE’s goal of reducing the cost of vehicle battery technologies.

–Binghamton University, State University of New York|2016-08-09

Brookhaven Chemists Contribute to Effort to Make Next-Generation Electric Vehicle Batteries


Imagine, on the streets of the United States, electric vehicles as affordable and convenient as gasoline-powered vehicles. Now imagine that scene taking place in just a few years.

–Brookhaven National Laboratory|2016-07-29

Study: Indian Pedestrian and Motorcycle Deaths Likely Much Higher Than Government Statistics Suggest

Official government statistics on traffic deaths in southwest India significantly misrepresented the number of pedestrian and motorcycle deaths in the region over a two-year period, casting doubt on the reliability of that country’s government data on traffic fatalities, a study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health suggests.

–Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health|2016-07-28

Glaucoma and Driving Ability


Safe driving requires clear central vision and adequate peripheral vision. Glaucoma typically leads to constriction of the visual field, sparing the central vision.

–Glaucoma Research Foundation|2016-07-28

Battery500 Consortium to Spark EV Innovations


The PNNL-led Battery500 consortium aims to significantly improve upon the batteries that power today’s electric vehicles by nearly tripling the specific energy in lithium batteries.

–Pacific Northwest National Laboratory|2016-07-27

Study: Car Sharing Stalls Under Tax Burdens, Competition


Researchers at DePaul University found that car rental taxes originally aimed at tourists and business travelers are hurting the car-sharing sector.

–DePaul University|2016-07-22

In the News: Drivers Frustrated by Lane Merge Method


It’s called “zipper merge,” and more and more transportation departments around the country are encouraging motorists to use it, according to an Associated Press report by Bill Draper. That’s when a driving lane is closed ahead, and motorists use all available lanes and alternate entry into the open lane when they reach the lane closure. Missouri and Kansas have recently joined Minnesota and Washington in encouraging use of the “zipper merge.”

–SUNY Buffalo State|2016-07-22

U-Michigan Solar Car to Defend Title in Race Through National Parks

On a route through some of the nation’s most wild and scenic places, the University of Michigan Solar Car Team hopes to bring back its sixth consecutive victory in the American Solar Challenge.

–University of Michigan |2016-07-20

Behavioral Scientists Help Ontario Save Money Through More Online License Plate Renewals


Toronto - As tedious as waiting in a government services line-up can be, that's what most people do, despite having the option of getting their business done online.

–University of Toronto, Joseph L. Rotman School of Management|2016-07-20

Cougars Could Save Lives by Lowering Vehicle Collisions with Deer

A team of researchers has found that within 30 years of cougars recolonizing the Eastern U.S., large cats could thin deer populations and reduce vehicle collisions by 22 percent — each year preventing five human fatalities, 680 injuries and avoiding costs of $50 million.

–University of Washington|2016-07-14

Driving Ability of People with Cognitive Impairment Difficult to Assess: Research Review

No single assessment tool is able to consistently determine driving ability in people with Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment, a St. Michael's Hospital research review has found.

–St. Michael's Hospital|2016-07-12

Saving Racecar Drivers’ Lives


The authors recount how Dr. Robert Hubbard, a biomechanical crash engineer, and his brother-in-law, Jim Downing, a racecar driver, joined forces to create the HANS® device, which was designed to prevent the occurrence of shear injuries between the head and neck during high-impact crashes.

–Journal of Neurosurgery|2016-07-12

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