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Variability in Local Costs of Substance Abuse Across California

The average news consumer might be surprised to learn that the economic costs of alcohol abuse far exceed those related to illegal drug use. In California, alcohol abuse cost $129 billion in 2010, $3,450 per California resident. That was almost...
14-Feb-2017 12:05 PM EST Add to Favorites

Pain During Alcohol Withdrawal: Electroacupuncture May Help

Hyperalgesia refers to an increased sensitivity to pain. It can occur during alcohol withdrawal, and may contribute to a relapse to drinking. Alternative therapies such as acupuncture and electroacupuncture (EA; which combines acupuncture with...
2-Feb-2017 9:05 AM EST Add to Favorites

Immune System Suppression May Be Related to Problem Drinking

Cytokines are small proteins in the immune system that act as chemical messengers between cells. Prior research suggests that pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines are dysfunctional during alcohol dependence and may contribute to the progression from...
30-Jan-2017 9:05 AM EST Add to Favorites

Posttraumatic Stress and Alcohol Use Disorders Hit American-Indian and Alaskan-Native Men the Hardest

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can develop after a traumatic event or events. Although it is most often associated with military personnel exposed to the trauma of combat, it can also disproportionately affect vulnerable American Indian and...
25-Jan-2017 10:05 AM EST Add to Favorites

Combined Use of Alcohol and Cocaine May Play a Unique Role in Suicide Risk

Alcohol use can be found in suicide deaths and unintentional deaths due to injuries such as those from motor vehicle collisions (MVCs). The authors of this study argue that it is important to distinguish between the roles that alcohol may play in...
25-Jan-2017 10:05 AM EST Add to Favorites

Think Binge Drinking Is Safer for Your Liver Than Regular Heavy Drinking? Think Again.

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) occurs on a spectrum of severity. The majority of people who drink excessively develop a fatty liver, which though often symptom free, can progress to a state of inflammation, fibrosis, and cell death that can be...
17-Jan-2017 6:05 AM EST Add to Favorites

Legal or Not, Marijuana Can Increase the Risk of Developing Alcohol Use Disorders

Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) develop with time and in stages. Following the initiation of drinking, some people progress to problem drinking, and then develop a “cluster” of specific problems to comprise an AUD. However, not all stages of AUD...
6-Jan-2017 11:05 AM EST Add to Favorites

Police Sobriety Checkpoints Can Reduce Drunk Driving Better Than Increased Penalties

Driving while impaired (DWI) causes more than 10,000 deaths per year in the United States. Although enforcing criminal sanctions for DWI is the traditional response, the success of these measures has been inconsistent. This study looked at risk...
3-Jan-2017 11:05 AM EST Add to Favorites

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