Sponsored By AIP
AIP|American Institute of Physics

Sponsored By AIP

AIP|American Institute of Physics

PHYSICAL SCIENCES

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Uncrowded Coils

A new fast and robust algorithm for computing stellarator coil shapes yields designs that are easier to build and maintain.

Fast Electrons and the Seeds of Disruption

Physicists measured fast electron populations. They achieved this first-of-its-kind result by seeing the effect of the fast electrons on the ablation rate of small frozen argon pellets.

Special Delivery: First Shipment of Magnetic Devices for Next-Gen X-Ray Laser

The first shipment of powerful magnetic devices for a next-generation laser project arrived at their destination on Wednesday after a nearly 3,000-mile journey. Berkeley Lab is overseeing the development and delivery of these devices, called undulator segments.

Plasma Turbulence Generates Flow in Fusion Reactors

Heating the core of fusion reactors causes them to develop sheared rotation that can improve plasma performance.

Light Has New Capacity for Electronics

In "Minority Report," the protagonist uses gloves that give him the power of virtual manipulation. The light seems to allow him to control the screen as if it were a touchscreen, but he's touching nothing but air. That technology is still science fiction, but a new study may bring it closer to reality. Researchers report in Applied Physics Letters that they have discovered the photodielectric effect, which could lead to laser-controlled touch displays.

Where Scientist Meets Machine: A Fresh Approach to Experimental Design at SLAC X-Ray Laser

Big leaps in technology require big leaps in design ­- entirely new approaches that can take full advantage of everything the technology has to offer. That's the thinking behind a new initiative at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory.

UCI's New 2-D Materials Conduct Electricity Near the Speed of Light

Physicists at the University of California, Irvine and elsewhere have fabricated new two-dimensional materials with breakthrough electrical and magnetic attributes that could make them building blocks of future quantum computers and other advanced electronics.

Study Offers New Theoretical Approach to Describing Non-Equilibrium Phase Transitions

Two physicists at Argonne offered a way to mathematically describe a particular physics phenomenon called a phase transition in a system out of equilibrium. Such phenomena are central in physics, and understanding how they occur has been a long-held and vexing goal; their behavior and related effects are key to unlocking possibilities for new electronics and other next-generation technologies.

'Ageless' Silicon Throughout Milky Way May Indicate a Well-Mixed Galaxy

New surveys with the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Green Bank Telescope (GBT) in West Virginia, of the element silicon may mean that the Milky Way is more efficient at mixing its contents than previously thought, thereby masking the telltale signs of chemical aging.

Modeling Reveals How Policy Affects the Adoption of Solar Energy Photovoltaics in California

Researchers at the University of California, Riverside, inspired by efforts to promote green energy, are exploring the factors driving commercial customers in Southern California, both large and small, to purchase and install solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. As the group reports this week in the Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, they built a model for commercial solar PV adoption to quantify the impact of government incentives and solar PV costs.


Uncrowded Coils

A new fast and robust algorithm for computing stellarator coil shapes yields designs that are easier to build and maintain.

Fast Electrons and the Seeds of Disruption

Physicists measured fast electron populations. They achieved this first-of-its-kind result by seeing the effect of the fast electrons on the ablation rate of small frozen argon pellets.

Special Delivery: First Shipment of Magnetic Devices for Next-Gen X-Ray Laser

The first shipment of powerful magnetic devices for a next-generation laser project arrived at their destination on Wednesday after a nearly 3,000-mile journey. Berkeley Lab is overseeing the development and delivery of these devices, called undulator segments.

Plasma Turbulence Generates Flow in Fusion Reactors

Heating the core of fusion reactors causes them to develop sheared rotation that can improve plasma performance.

Where Scientist Meets Machine: A Fresh Approach to Experimental Design at SLAC X-Ray Laser

Big leaps in technology require big leaps in design ­- entirely new approaches that can take full advantage of everything the technology has to offer. That's the thinking behind a new initiative at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory.

Ames Laboratory Hosts Its First Office of Science Graduate Student Program Researcher

Elizabeth Wille learned crystal growth techniques from Ames Laboratory senior physicist Paul Canfield as Ames Laboratory's first Office of Science Graduate Student Research program participant.

S&T Physicist Improves Particle Interaction Modeling

Quantum electrodynamics is a lot like baking a cake. At least, that is what physicist Dr. Ulrich Jentschura equates to the process of creating an equation that can couple particles' and antiparticles' predicted masses at the same time.

With $1 Million Gift, UCI Aims to Become First University to Launch Rocket Into Space

University of California, Irvine students will "shoot for the moon" thanks to a $1 million gift from Base 11, a nonprofit STEM workforce development and entrepreneur accelerator. The "Moonshot Initiative" will establish a rocketry program at The Henry Samueli School of Engineering, with the intent of making UCI the first academic institution to launch a liquid-fuel rocket into space.

The Roadmap to Quark Soup

Scientists discover new signposts in the quest to determine how matter from the early universe turned into the world we know today.

Neutrons Play the Lead to Protons in Dance Around "Double-Magic" Nucleus

Electric and magnetic properties of a radioactive atom provide unique insight into the nature of proton and neutron motion.